Edomites (Ee´duh-mits)

The inhabitants of the land of Edom (Seir). The Edomite “kings” of Gen. 36:31–39 were probably tribal chiefs, local rulers controlling separate and independent regions. The Edomites refused permission to the group led by Moses to pass through their territory (Num 20:14-21). Saul fought successfully with the Edomites (1Sam 14:47). Doeg, an Edomite, appears among Saul’s servants (1Sam 21:7; 1Sam 22:9; 1Sam 22:18; 1Sam 22:22). David conquered the Edomites (2Sam 8:12-14). Solomon appears to have had access to the port of Ezion-geber in the land of Edom (1Kgs 9:26). Pharaoh Shishak’s invasion (1Kgs 14:25; 2Chr 12:2-9) possibly gave the Edomites a chance to regain their independence. In the time of Jehoshaphat (ca. 874–850 BC), Judah expanded southward, ruled Edom (1Kgs 22:47), and used the port of Ezion-geber (1Kgs 22:48-49; 2Chr 20:35-37). The Edomites successfully revolted when Jehoram was king of Judah (ca. 850–843 BCE), set up a king of their own (2Kgs 8:20-22), and maintained their independence for about fifty or sixty years until the middle of Amaziah’s reign (ca. 800–785 BCE). Amaziah’s son, Uzziah (Azariah), recaptured Edom and built Elath (2Kgs 14:22; 2Chr 26:1-2). At the time of Ahaz (ca. 742–725 BCE), the Edomites defeated Judah (2Chr 28:17) and recovered Elath (2Kgs 16:6). From this time onward, Judah was not able to exercise control over them.

Num 20:14-21

Passage through Edom Refused
14Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, “Thus says your brother Israel: You know all the adversity that has befall ... View more

1Sam 14:47

Saul's Continuing Wars
47When Saul had taken the kingship over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side—against Moab, against the Ammonites, agai ... View more

1Sam 21:7

7Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the Lord; his name was Doeg the Edomite, the chief of Saul's shepherds.

1Sam 22:9

9Doeg the Edomite, who was in charge of Saul's servants, answered, “I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech son of Ahitub;

1Sam 22:18

18Then the king said to Doeg, “You, Doeg, turn and attack the priests.” Doeg the Edomite turned and attacked the priests; on that day he killed eighty-five who ... View more

1Sam 22:22

22David said to Abiathar, “I knew on that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. I am responsible for the lives of all your fathe ... View more

2Sam 8:12-14

12from Edom, Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, Amalek, and from the spoil of King Hadadezer son of Rehob of Zobah.13David won a name for himself. When he re ... View more

1Kgs 9:26

Solomon's Commercial Activity
26King Solomon built a fleet of ships at Ezion-geber, which is near Eloth on the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom.

1Kgs 14:25

25In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, King Shishak of Egypt came up against Jerusalem;

2Chr 12:2-9

2In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, because they had been unfaithful to the Lord, King Shishak of Egypt came up against Jerusalem3with twelve hundred chariots ... View more

1Kgs 22:47

47There was no king in Edom; a deputy was king.

1Kgs 22:48-49

48Jehoshaphat made ships of the Tarshish type to go to Ophir for gold; but they did not go, for the ships were wrecked at Ezion-geber.49Then Ahaziah son of Ahab ... View more

2Chr 20:35-37

35After this King Jehoshaphat of Judah joined with King Ahaziah of Israel, who did wickedly.36He joined him in building ships to go to Tarshish; they built the ... View more

2Kgs 8:20-22

20In his days Edom revolted against the rule of Judah, and set up a king of their own.21Then Joram crossed over to Zair with all his chariots. He set out by nig ... View more

2Kgs 14:22

22He rebuilt Elath and restored it to Judah, after King Amaziah slept with his ancestors.

2Chr 26:1-2

Reign of Uzziah
1Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king to succeed his father Amaziah.2He rebuilt Eloth and rest ... View more

2Chr 28:17

17For the Edomites had again invaded and defeated Judah, and carried away captives.

2Kgs 16:6

6At that time the king of Edom recovered Elath for Edom, and drove the Judeans from Elath; and the Edomites came to Elath, where they live to this day.

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