A term understood in biblical writings as representative of life. Injunctions existed against consuming blood (Gen 9:4; Lev 17:10-16; Deut 12:15-18; 1Sam 14:32-35; Acts 15:23-29), and spilling blood was forbidden under penalty of death (Gen 9:4-7; Exod 20:13; Exod 21:23-24; Lev 24:20-21; Deut 19:21; Matt 5:21-26; Matt 5:38-42). Blood plays an important role in the institution of sacrificial atonement and the work of the priests. Applied to the altar, blood becomes a powerful expiatory agent as sin offering, especially on the annual Day of Atonement (Lev 16). The Passover celebration remembers the blood on the doorposts of Hebrew houses in Egypt (Exod 12:7) and the deliverance accomplished by the God of the covenant (see blood of the covenant in (Exod 24:6-8). Blood can also symbolize woes and terrors (1Chr 22:8; 1Chr 28:3; Exod 7:14-24; Joel 2:30-31). The NT writings focus on the shed blood of Jesus and its atoning character. At the Lord’s Supper; the cup of blessing is the new covenant in Christ’s blood (Mark 14:24; 1Cor 11:23-29). The most extensive development of the image is found in (Heb 9-10), (John 6:53-56; John 19:34-37; 1John 5:6-8; Rom 3:24-25; 1Cor 5:6-8; 1Pet 1:18-19; Rev 5:6-14; Rev 7:14).

Gen 9:4

4Only, you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.

Lev 17:10-16

Eating Blood Prohibited
10If anyone of the house of Israel or of the aliens who reside among them eats any blood, I will set my face against that person who eat ... View more

Deut 12:15-18

15Yet whenever you desire you may slaughter and eat meat within any of your towns, according to the blessing that the Lord your God has given you; the unclean a ... View more

1Sam 14:32-35

32so the troops flew upon the spoil, and took sheep and oxen and calves, and slaughtered them on the ground; and the troops ate them with the blood.33Then it wa ... View more

Acts 15:23-29

23with the following letter: “The brothers, both the apostles and the elders, to the believers of Gentile origin in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia, greetings.24S ... View more

Gen 9:4-7

4Only, you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.5For your own lifeblood I will surely require a reckoning: from every animal I will require it ... View more

Exod 20:13

13You shall not murder.

Exod 21:23-24

23If any harm follows, then you shall give life for life,24eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

Lev 24:20-21

20fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; the injury inflicted is the injury to be suffered.21One who kills an animal shall make restitution for it ... View more

Deut 19:21

21Show no pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

Matt 5:21-26

Concerning Anger
21“You have heard that it was said to those of ancient times, ‘You shall not murder’; and ‘whoever murders shall be liable to judgment.’22But I ... View more

Matt 5:38-42

Concerning Retaliation
38“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’39But I say to you, Do not resist an evildoer. But if any ... View more

Lev 16

The Day of Atonement
1The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the Lord and died.2The Lord said to Moses:
Te ... View more

Exod 12:7

7They shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it.

Exod 24:6-8

6Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he dashed against the altar.7Then he took the book of the covenant, and read it in the ... View more

1Chr 22:8

8But the word of the Lord came to me, saying, ‘You have shed much blood and have waged great wars; you shall not build a house to my name, because you have shed ... View more

1Chr 28:3

3But God said to me, ‘You shall not build a house for my name, for you are a warrior and have shed blood.’

Exod 7:14-24

The First Plague: Water Turned to Blood
14Then the Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh's heart is hardened; he refuses to let the people go.15Go to Pharaoh in the morn ... View more

Joel 2:30-31

30I will show portents in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke.31The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before ... View more

Mark 14:24

24He said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many.

1Cor 11:23-29

The Institution of the Lord's Supper
23For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took a l ... View more

Heb 9-10

The Earthly and the Heavenly Sanctuaries
1Now even the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly sanctuary.2For a tent was constructed, the firs ... View more

John 6:53-56

53So Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you.54Those who eat my fle ... View more

John 19:34-37

34Instead, one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once blood and water came out.35(He who saw this has testified so that you also may believe ... View more

1John 5:6-8

Testimony concerning the Son of God
6This is the one who came by water and blood, Jesus Christ, not with the water only but with the water and the blood. And th ... View more

Rom 3:24-25

24they are now justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,25whom God put forward as a sacrifice of atonement by his blood, ... View more

1Cor 5:6-8

6Your boasting is not a good thing. Do you not know that a little yeast leavens the whole batch of dough?7Clean out the old yeast so that you may be a new batch ... View more

1Pet 1:18-19

18You know that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your ancestors, not with perishable things like silver or gold,19but with the precious blo ... View more

Rev 5:6-14

6Then I saw between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders a Lamb standing as if it had been slaughtered, having seven horns and seven ey ... View more

Rev 7:14

14I said to him, “Sir, you are the one that knows.” Then he said to me, “These are they who have come out of the great ordeal; they have washed their robes and ... View more

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