A type of asphalt or mineral pitch either occurring naturally or found as a by-product of burning coal or wood. This black sticky substance was used as an adhesive or a caulk. It could also be used for waterproofing, as in the construction of Noah’s ark (Gen 6:14) and the bulrush basket of Moses (Exod 2:3). References are made to pitch oozing from the earth (Gen 14:10) near the Dead Sea, where it occurs naturally. Metaphorically, Isaiah uses the image of these slime pits to evoke the Day of the Lord when the land and streams shall be turned into burning pitch (Isa 34:9).

Gen 6:14

14Make yourself an ark of cypress wood; make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch.

Exod 2:3

3When she could hide him no longer she got a papyrus basket for him, and plastered it with bitumen and pitch; she put the child in it and placed it among the re ... View more

Gen 14:10

10Now the Valley of Siddim was full of bitumen pits; and as the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some fell into them, and the rest fled to the hill country.

Isa 34:9

9And the streams of Edom shall be turned into pitch,
and her soil into sulfur;
her land shall become burning pitch.

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