Beth-horon (Beth-hor´uhn; Heb., “house of Horon [a deity]”)

A city of refuge assigned to the levitical family of Kohath (Josh 21:22; 1Chr 6:68), one of twin cities in Ephraim (Josh 16:3; Josh 16:5; 1Chr 7:24) near the border of Benjamin (Josh 18:13; Josh 18:14). Joshua chased the Amorite kings from Gibeon “by way of the ascent of Beth-horon” (Josh 10:10-11); the city was attacked by Philistine raiders (1Sam 13:18) and by Amaziah’s northern mercenaries (2Chr 25:13); Solomon fortified it (1Kgs 9:17; 2Chr 8:5), but the pharaoh Shishak captured it in ca. 925 BCE.

Josh 21:22

22Kibzaim with its pasture lands, and Beth-horon with its pasture lands—four towns.

1Chr 6:68

68Jokmeam with its pasture lands, Beth-horon with its pasture lands,

Josh 16:3

3then it goes down westward to the territory of the Japhletites, as far as the territory of Lower Beth-horon, then to Gezer, and it ends at the sea.

Josh 16:5

5The territory of the Ephraimites by their families was as follows: the boundary of their inheritance on the east was Ataroth-addar as far as Upper Beth-horon,

1Chr 7:24

24His daughter was Sheerah, who built both Lower and Upper Beth-horon, and Uzzen-sheerah.

Josh 18:13

13From there the boundary passes along southward in the direction of Luz, to the slope of Luz (that is, Bethel), then the boundary goes down to Ataroth-addar, o ... View more

Josh 18:14

14Then the boundary goes in another direction, turning on the western side southward from the mountain that lies to the south, opposite Beth-horon, and it ends ... View more

Josh 10:10-11

10And the Lord threw them into a panic before Israel, who inflicted a great slaughter on them at Gibeon, chased them by the way of the ascent of Beth-horon, and ... View more

1Sam 13:18

18another company turned toward Beth-horon, and another company turned toward the mountain that looks down upon the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

2Chr 25:13

13But the men of the army whom Amaziah sent back, not letting them go with him to battle, fell on the cities of Judah from Samaria to Beth-horon; they killed th ... View more

1Kgs 9:17

17so Solomon rebuilt Gezer), Lower Beth-horon,

2Chr 8:5

5He also built Upper Beth-horon and Lower Beth-horon, fortified cities, with walls, gates, and bars,

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