Ben-hadad (Ben-hay´dad; Heb., “son of Hadad”)

The name of several kings of Damascus. Scholars disagree as to whether biblical references to a king of Damascus by this name refer to two or three separate individuals. In addition, Assyrian texts mention Adad-idri (Hadadezer) and Mari (an Aramaic title meaning “my lord”), which may be alternate names for some of the same rulers. 1 The son of Tabrimmon, who was bribed by Judah’s King Asa (early ninth century BCE) to break his alliance with Israel, after which he conquered several cities and the territory of Naphtali (1Kgs 15:18-21). 2 In the ninth century BCE, a king who erected a stele near Aleppo in honor of the Tyrian god Melqart. 3 The king who attacked Israel several times during the reign of Ahab (mid-ninth century BCE), who was able to defeat him. Although Ben-hadad fled, he was forced to restore cities he had taken from Ahab’s father, Omri, and grant Ahab commercial privileges in Damascus (1Kgs 20). 4 Hazadezer, who participated with Ahab in a coalition of Syrian kings who resisted the army of the Assyrian emperor Shalmaneser III at Qarqar in 853. 5 One who besieged Samaria during the time of Elisha (mid-ninth century BCE). This Ben-hadad was murdered by Hazael, one of his officers (2Kgs 8:7-15), after receiving a prophecy from Elisha. 6 A king who led an unsuccessful coalition of several north Syrian kings against King Zakir of Hamath early in the eighth century BCE. 7 The son of Hazael, who took several cities from Jehoahaz, king of Israel, and whose son Jehoash recaptured them (2Kgs 13:24-25). 8 Mari, who paid tribute to the Assyrian king Adad-nirari III after being besieged in Damascus.

1Kgs 15:18-21

18Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the Lord and the treasures of the king's house, and gave them into t ... View more

1Kgs 20

Ahab's Wars with the Arameans
1King Ben-hadad of Aram gathered all his army together; thirty-two kings were with him, along with horses and chariots. He marched ... View more

2Kgs 8:7-15

Death of Ben-hadad
7Elisha went to Damascus while King Ben-hadad of Aram was ill. When it was told him, “The man of God has come here,”8the king said to Hazael, ... View more

2Kgs 13:24-25

24When King Hazael of Aram died, his son Ben-hadad succeeded him.25Then Jehoash son of Jehoahaz took again from Ben-hadad son of Hazael the towns that he had ta ... View more

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