Beer-sheba (Bee´uhr-shee´buh)

The major city in the northern Negeb desert, in the territory of the tribe of Simeon (Josh 19:2). A biblical tradition explains the derivation of the name (Gen 21:22-32): Abraham and Abimelech, king of Gerar, settled their dispute over a well (Heb. beer) by concluding a treaty with an offering of “seven” (Heb. sheba‘) ewes. A generation later, renewed contention between the shepherds of Isaac and Abimelech was resolved by another oath at Beer-sheba (Gen 26:26-33). Later, Samuel’s two sons were judges at Beer-sheba (1Sam 8:2), and David’s realm stretched “from Dan to Beer-sheba,” a geographical description that became standard for the limits of Israelite settlement in the promised land (2Sam 17:11; 2Sam 24:2; 1Kgs 5:5). The prophet Amos makes critical reference to the sanctity of this southern city (Amos 5:5; Amos 8:14).

Josh 19:2

2It had for its inheritance Beer-sheba, Sheba, Moladah,

Gen 21:22-32

Abraham and Abimelech Make a Covenant
22At that time Abimelech, with Phicol the commander of his army, said to Abraham, “God is with you in all that you do;23no ... View more

Gen 26:26-33

26Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, with Ahuzzath his adviser and Phicol the commander of his army.27Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, seeing t ... View more

1Sam 8:2

2The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beer-sheba.

2Sam 17:11

11But my counsel is that all Israel be gathered to you, from Dan to Beer-sheba, like the sand by the sea for multitude, and that you go to battle in person.

2Sam 24:2

2So the king said to Joab and the commanders of the army, who were with him, “Go through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan to Beer-sheba, and take a census of ... View more

1Kgs 5:5

5So I intend to build a house for the name of the Lord my God, as the Lord said to my father David, ‘Your son, whom I will set on your throne in your place, sha ... View more

Amos 5:5

5but do not seek Bethel,
and do not enter into Gilgal
or cross over to Beer-sheba;
for Gilgal shall surely go into exile,
and Bethel shall come to nothing.

Amos 8:14

14Those who swear by Ashimah of Samaria,
and say, “As your god lives, O Dan,”
and, “As the way of Beer-sheba lives”—
they shall fall, and never rise again.

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