Dedication of persons or materials to God. References to the total destruction of towns or persons and their possessions, generally by fire, are concentrated in the “conquest” era. Of cities taken in conquest, Jericho alone is placed off-limits for Israelite occupation (Josh 6). Also under the ban were Ai (Josh 8), Makkedah, Lachish, Eglon, Hebron, Debir (Josh 10), and Hazor (Josh 11). Early practice was regulated, presumably by oracle (Num 21:1-3; but cf. (Josh 11:12-13). The ban is connected (though not synonymous) with the taking of booty after battle and warriors’ compensation. Under the Israelite monarchy, distribution of booty became the king’s prerogative (1Sam 30:23-25), and the ban was presented as a comprehensive commandment from antiquity, applicable to all cities within the “promised” land that refused the invaders’ offer of peace (Deut 20:10-18).

Josh 6

Jericho Taken and Destroyed
1Now Jericho was shut up inside and out because of the Israelites; no one came out and no one went in.2The Lord said to Joshua, “See ... View more

Josh 8

Ai Captured by a Stratagem and Destroyed
1Then the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not fear or be dismayed; take all the fighting men with you, and go up now to Ai. Se ... View more

Josh 10

The Sun Stands Still
1When King Adoni-zedek of Jerusalem heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to ... View more

Josh 11

The United Kings of Northern Canaan Defeated
1When King Jabin of Hazor heard of this, he sent to King Jobab of Madon, to the king of Shimron, to the king of Ach ... View more

Num 21:1-3

The Bronze Serpent
1When the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the Negeb, heard that Israel was coming by the way of Atharim, he fought against Israel a ... View more

Josh 11:12-13

12And all the towns of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua took, and struck them with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them, as Moses the servant ... View more

1Sam 30:23-25

23But David said, “You shall not do so, my brothers, with what the Lord has given us; he has preserved us and handed over to us the raiding party that attacked ... View more

Deut 20:10-18

10When you draw near to a town to fight against it, offer it terms of peace.11If it accepts your terms of peace and surrenders to you, then all the people in it ... View more

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