The resin or gum of the balsam tree, used as a scent for oils and perfumes as well as a medicine to heal wounds (Jer 8:22). Often referred to as a “spice,” it was traded throughout the ancient Near East (Ezek 27:17) and was believed to have been planted originally by King Solomon, who received the trees as gifts from the queen of Sheba (1Kgs 10:10). The balm from Gilead referred to in (Gen 37:25) is probably not from the same plant, but was gathered instead from the mastic tree.

Jer 8:22

22Is there no balm in Gilead?
Is there no physician there?
Why then has the health of my poor people
not been restored?

Ezek 27:17

17Judah and the land of Israel traded with you; they exchanged for your merchandise wheat from Minnith, millet, honey, oil, and balm.

1Kgs 10:10

10Then she gave the king one hundred twenty talents of gold, a great quantity of spices, and precious stones; never again did spices come in such quantity as th ... View more

Gen 37:25

25Then they sat down to eat; and looking up they saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, with their camels carrying gum, balm, and resin, on their way ... View more

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