Instruments for weighing. They consisted of a central support and crossbeam from which two equally weighted pans were suspended by cords. Biblical references to balances are numerous, both to false or deceitful scales (Prov 11:1; Prov 20:23; Hos 12:7; Amos 8:5) and to just balances (Lev 19:36; Job 31:6; Prov 16:11; Ezek 45:10). Metaphorically the balance was used to judge a person’s righteousness (Dan 5:27; Rev 6:5).

Prov 11:1

1A false balance is an abomination to the Lord,
but an accurate weight is his delight.

Prov 20:23

23Differing weights are an abomination to the Lord,
and false scales are not good.

Hos 12:7

7A trader, in whose hands are false balances,
he loves to oppress.

Amos 8:5

5saying, “When will the new moon be over
so that we may sell grain;
and the sabbath,
so that we may offer wheat for sale?
We will make the ephah small and the s ... View more

Lev 19:36

36You shall have honest balances, honest weights, an honest ephah, and an honest hin: I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.

Job 31:6

6let me be weighed in a just balance,
and let God know my integrity!—

Prov 16:11

11Honest balances and scales are the Lord's;
all the weights in the bag are his work.

Ezek 45:10

Weights and Measures
10You shall have honest balances, an honest ephah, and an honest bath.

Dan 5:27

27TEKEL, you have been weighed on the scales and found wanting;

Rev 6:5

5When he opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature call out, “Come!” I looked, and there was a black horse! Its rider held a pair of scales in hi ... View more

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