A medium-sized burrowing mammal. The Hebrew word (shaphan) translated “badger” in (Prov 30:26) and “rock badger” in (Lev 11:5) and (Deut 14:7) more likely refers to the coney (Ps 104:18) or hyrax (Procavia capensis), a hare-sized, rock-dwelling ungulate. The true badger (Meles meles) also lives in Palestine, but is rarely to be seen.

Prov 30:26

26the badgers are a people without power,
yet they make their homes in the rocks;

Lev 11:5

5The rock badger, for even though it chews the cud, it does not have divided hoofs; it is unclean for you.

Deut 14:7

7Yet of those that chew the cud or have the hoof cleft you shall not eat these: the camel, the hare, and the rock badger, because they chew the cud but do not d ... View more

Ps 104:18

18The high mountains are for the wild goats;
the rocks are a refuge for the coneys.

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