Baal-zebub (Bah´uhl-zee´buhb; also Beelzebub [bee-el´zi-buhb])

A god worshiped by the Philistines at Ekron (2Kgs 1:2-16). The original name may have been a similar word meaning “lord of the lofty abode,” but because this god was considered by the Hebrews to be an unworthy rival to Yahweh, it was revised by them to “lord of flies” (Baal-zebub). Later, it was altered even further to Beel-zebul, meaning “lord of dung.” In the intertestamental period, when numerous names were used to designate the leader of the forces of evil, one of the names selected was Baal-zebub (or the alternative form Beel-zebul). In the Gospels, Jesus denies that he casts out demons by Beel-zebul, “the ruler of the demons” (Matt 12:24-27; Mark 3:22-26; Luke 11:15-19; Matt 10:25).

2Kgs 1:2-16

2Ahaziah had fallen through the lattice in his upper chamber in Samaria, and lay injured; so he sent messengers, telling them, “Go, inquire of Baal-zebub, the g ... View more

Matt 12:24-27

24But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, “It is only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons, that this fellow casts out the demons.”25He knew what they were ... View more

Mark 3:22-26

22And the scribes who came down from Jerusalem said, “He has Beelzebul, and by the ruler of the demons he casts out demons.”23And he called them to him, and spo ... View more

Luke 11:15-19

15But some of them said, “He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.”16Others, to test him, kept demanding from him a sign from heaven.17But he ... View more

Matt 10:25

25it is enough for the disciple to be like the teacher, and the slave like the master. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul, how much more will ... View more

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