Jacob Flees with Family and Flocks
1Now Jacob heard that the sons of Laban were saying, “Jacob has taken all that was our father's; he has gained all this wealth from what belonged to our father.”2And Jacob saw that Laban did not regard him as favorably as he did before.3Then the Lord said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your ancestors and to your kindred, and I will be with you.”4So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah into the field where his flock was,5and said to them, “I see that your father does not regard me as favorably as he did before. But the God of my father has been with me.6You know that I have served your father with all my strength;7yet your father has cheated me and changed my wages ten times, but God did not permit him to harm me.8If he said, ‘The speckled shall be your wages,’ then all the flock bore speckled; and if he said, ‘The striped shall be your wages,’ then all the flock bore striped.9Thus God has taken away the livestock of your father, and given them to me.10“During the mating of the flock I once had a dream in which I looked up and saw that the male goats that leaped upon the flock were striped, speckled, and mottled.11Then the angel of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob,’ and I said, ‘Here I am!’12And he said, ‘Look up and see that all the goats that leap on the flock are striped, speckled, and mottled; for I have seen all that Laban is doing to you.13I am the God of Bethel, where you anointed a pillar and made a vow to me. Now leave this land at once and return to the land of your birth.’ ”14Then Rachel and Leah answered him, “Is there any portion or inheritance left to us in our father's house?15Are we not regarded by him as foreigners? For he has sold us, and he has been using up the money given for us.16All the property that God has taken away from our father belongs to us and to our children; now then, do whatever God has said to you.”17So Jacob arose, and set his children and his wives on camels;18and he drove away all his livestock, all the property that he had gained, the livestock in his possession that he had acquired in Paddan-aram, to go to his father Isaac in the land of Canaan.19Now Laban had gone to shear his sheep, and Rachel stole her father's household gods.20And Jacob deceived Laban the Aramean, in that he did not tell him that he intended to flee.21So he fled with all that he had; starting out he crossed the Euphrates, and set his face toward the hill country of Gilead.Laban Overtakes Jacob
22On the third day Laban was told that Jacob had fled.23So he took his kinsfolk with him and pursued him for seven days until he caught up with him in the hill country of Gilead.24But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream by night, and said to him, “Take heed that you say not a word to Jacob, either good or bad.”25Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country, and Laban with his kinsfolk camped in the hill country of Gilead.26Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done? You have deceived me, and carried away my daughters like captives of the sword.27Why did you flee secretly and deceive me and not tell me? I would have sent you away with mirth and songs, with tambourine and lyre.28And why did you not permit me to kiss my sons and my daughters farewell? What you have done is foolish.29It is in my power to do you harm; but the God of your father spoke to me last night, saying, ‘Take heed that you speak to Jacob neither good nor bad.’30Even though you had to go because you longed greatly for your father's house, why did you steal my gods?”31Jacob answered Laban, “Because I was afraid, for I thought that you would take your daughters from me by force.32But anyone with whom you find your gods shall not live. In the presence of our kinsfolk, point out what I have that is yours, and take it.” Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen the gods.33So Laban went into Jacob's tent, and into Leah's tent, and into the tent of the two maids, but he did not find them. And he went out of Leah's tent, and entered Rachel's.34Now Rachel had taken the household gods and put them in the camel's saddle, and sat on them. Laban felt all about in the tent, but did not find them.35And she said to her father, “Let not my lord be angry that I cannot rise before you, for the way of women is upon me.” So he searched, but did not find the household gods.36Then Jacob became angry, and upbraided Laban. Jacob said to Laban, “What is my offense? What is my sin, that you have hotly pursued me?37Although you have felt about through all my goods, what have you found of all your household goods? Set it here before my kinsfolk and your kinsfolk, so that they may decide between us two.38These twenty years I have been with you; your ewes and your female goats have not miscarried, and I have not eaten the rams of your flocks.39That which was torn by wild beasts I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it myself; of my hand you required it, whether stolen by day or stolen by night.40It was like this with me: by day the heat consumed me, and the cold by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes.41These twenty years I have been in your house; I served you fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your flock, and you have changed my wages ten times.42If the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac, had not been on my side, surely now you would have sent me away empty-handed. God saw my affliction and the labor of my hands, and rebuked you last night.”Laban and Jacob Make a Covenant
43Then Laban answered and said to Jacob, “The daughters are my daughters, the children are my children, the flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do today about these daughters of mine, or about their children whom they have borne?44Come now, let us make a covenant, you and I; and let it be a witness between you and me.”45So Jacob took a stone, and set it up as a pillar.46And Jacob said to his kinsfolk, “Gather stones,” and they took stones, and made a heap; and they ate there by the heap.47Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha: but Jacob called it Galeed.48Laban said, “This heap is a witness between you and me today.” Therefore he called it Galeed,49and the pillar Mizpah, for he said, “The Lord watch between you and me, when we are absent one from the other.50If you ill-treat my daughters, or if you take wives in addition to my daughters, though no one else is with us, remember that God is witness between you and me.”51Then Laban said to Jacob, “See this heap and see the pillar, which I have set between you and me.52This heap is a witness, and the pillar is a witness, that I will not pass beyond this heap to you, and you will not pass beyond this heap and this pillar to me, for harm.53May the God of Abraham and the God of Nahor”—the God of their father—“judge between us.” So Jacob swore by the Fear of his father Isaac,54and Jacob offered a sacrifice on the height and called his kinsfolk to eat bread; and they ate bread and tarried all night in the hill country.55 Early in the morning Laban rose up, and kissed his grandchildren and his daughters and blessed them; then he departed and returned home.Chapter 321Jacob went on his way and the angels of God met him;2and when Jacob saw them he said, “This is God's camp!” So he called that place Mahanaim.Jacob Sends Presents to Appease Esau
3Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom,4instructing them, “Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: Thus says your servant Jacob, ‘I have lived with Laban as an alien, and stayed until now;5and I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, male and female slaves; and I have sent to tell my lord, in order that I may find favor in your sight.’ ”6The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau, and he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.”7Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two companies,8thinking, “If Esau comes to the one company and destroys it, then the company that is left will escape.”9And Jacob said, “O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O Lord who said to me, ‘Return to your country and to your kindred, and I will do you good,’10I am not worthy of the least of all the steadfast love and all the faithfulness that you have shown to your servant, for with only my staff I crossed this Jordan; and now I have become two companies.11Deliver me, please, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau, for I am afraid of him; he may come and kill us all, the mothers with the children.12Yet you have said, ‘I will surely do you good, and make your offspring as the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted because of their number.’ ”13So he spent that night there, and from what he had with him he took a present for his brother Esau,14two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams,15thirty milch camels and their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys.16These he delivered into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on ahead of me, and put a space between drove and drove.”17He instructed the foremost, “When Esau my brother meets you, and asks you, ‘To whom do you belong? Where are you going? And whose are these ahead of you?’18then you shall say, ‘They belong to your servant Jacob; they are a present sent to my lord Esau; and moreover he is behind us.’ ”19He likewise instructed the second and the third and all who followed the droves, “You shall say the same thing to Esau when you meet him,20and you shall say, ‘Moreover your servant Jacob is behind us.’ ” For he thought, “I may appease him with the present that goes ahead of me, and afterwards I shall see his face; perhaps he will accept me.”21So the present passed on ahead of him; and he himself spent that night in the camp.Jacob Wrestles at Peniel
22The same night he got up and took his two wives, his two maids, and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the Jabbok.23He took them and sent them across the stream, and likewise everything that he had.24Jacob was left alone; and a man wrestled with him until daybreak.25When the man saw that he did not prevail against Jacob, he struck him on the hip socket; and Jacob's hip was put out of joint as he wrestled with him.26Then he said, “Let me go, for the day is breaking.” But Jacob said, “I will not let you go, unless you bless me.”27So he said to him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Jacob.”28Then the man said, “You shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel, for you have striven with God and with humans, and have prevailed.”29Then Jacob asked him, “Please tell me your name.” But he said, “Why is it that you ask my name?” And there he blessed him.30So Jacob called the place Peniel, saying, “For I have seen God face to face, and yet my life is preserved.”31The sun rose upon him as he passed Penuel, limping because of his hip.32Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the thigh muscle that is on the hip socket, because he struck Jacob on the hip socket at the thigh muscle.Chapter 33Jacob and Esau Meet
1Now Jacob looked up and saw Esau coming, and four hundred men with him. So he divided the children among Leah and Rachel and the two maids.2He put the maids with their children in front, then Leah with her children, and Rachel and Joseph last of all.3He himself went on ahead of them, bowing himself to the ground seven times, until he came near his brother.4But Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept.5When Esau looked up and saw the women and children, he said, “Who are these with you?” Jacob said, “The children whom God has graciously given your servant.”6Then the maids drew near, they and their children, and bowed down;7Leah likewise and her children drew near and bowed down; and finally Joseph and Rachel drew near, and they bowed down.8Esau said, “What do you mean by all this company that I met?” Jacob answered, “To find favor with my lord.”9But Esau said, “I have enough, my brother; keep what you have for yourself.”10Jacob said, “No, please; if I find favor with you, then accept my present from my hand; for truly to see your face is like seeing the face of God—since you have received me with such favor.11Please accept my gift that is brought to you, because God has dealt graciously with me, and because I have everything I want.” So he urged him, and he took it.12Then Esau said, “Let us journey on our way, and I will go alongside you.”13But Jacob said to him, “My lord knows that the children are frail and that the flocks and herds, which are nursing, are a care to me; and if they are overdriven for one day, all the flocks will die.14Let my lord pass on ahead of his servant, and I will lead on slowly, according to the pace of the cattle that are before me and according to the pace of the children, until I come to my lord in Seir.”15So Esau said, “Let me leave with you some of the people who are with me.” But he said, “Why should my lord be so kind to me?”16So Esau returned that day on his way to Seir.17But Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built himself a house, and made booths for his cattle; therefore the place is called Succoth.Jacob Reaches Shechem
18Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, on his way from Paddan-aram; and he camped before the city.19And from the sons of Hamor, Shechem's father, he bought for one hundred pieces of money the plot of land on which he had pitched his tent.20There he erected an altar and called it El-Elohe-Israel.Chapter 34The Rape of Dinah
1Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the women of the region.2When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the region, saw her, he seized her and lay with her by force.3And his soul was drawn to Dinah daughter of Jacob; he loved the girl, and spoke tenderly to her.4So Shechem spoke to his father Hamor, saying, “Get me this girl to be my wife.”5Now Jacob heard that Shechem had defiled his daughter Dinah; but his sons were with his cattle in the field, so Jacob held his peace until they came.6And Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to speak with him,7just as the sons of Jacob came in from the field. When they heard of it, the men were indignant and very angry, because he had committed an outrage in Israel by lying with Jacob's daughter, for such a thing ought not to be done.8But Hamor spoke with them, saying, “The heart of my son Shechem longs for your daughter; please give her to him in marriage.9Make marriages with us; give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves.10You shall live with us; and the land shall be open to you; live and trade in it, and get property in it.”11Shechem also said to her father and to her brothers, “Let me find favor with you, and whatever you say to me I will give.12Put the marriage present and gift as high as you like, and I will give whatever you ask me; only give me the girl to be my wife.”13The sons of Jacob answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully, because he had defiled their sister Dinah.14They said to them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised, for that would be a disgrace to us.15Only on this condition will we consent to you: that you will become as we are and every male among you be circumcised.16Then we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters for ourselves, and we will live among you and become one people.17But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and be gone.”18Their words pleased Hamor and Hamor's son Shechem.19And the young man did not delay to do the thing, because he was delighted with Jacob's daughter. Now he was the most honored of all his family.20So Hamor and his son Shechem came to the gate of their city and spoke to the men of their city, saying,21“These people are friendly with us; let them live in the land and trade in it, for the land is large enough for them; let us take their daughters in marriage, and let us give them our daughters.22Only on this condition will they agree to live among us, to become one people: that every male among us be circumcised as they are circumcised.23Will not their livestock, their property, and all their animals be ours? Only let us agree with them, and they will live among us.”24And all who went out of the city gate heeded Hamor and his son Shechem; and every male was circumcised, all who went out of the gate of his city.Dinah's Brothers Avenge Their Sister
25On the third day, when they were still in pain, two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brothers, took their swords and came against the city unawares, and killed all the males.26They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went away.27And the other sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and plundered the city, because their sister had been defiled.28They took their flocks and their herds, their donkeys, and whatever was in the city and in the field.29All their wealth, all their little ones and their wives, all that was in the houses, they captured and made their prey.30Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me by making me odious to the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites and the Perizzites; my numbers are few, and if they gather themselves against me and attack me, I shall be destroyed, both I and my household.”31But they said, “Should our sister be treated like a whore?”Chapter 35Jacob Returns to Bethel
1God said to Jacob, “Arise, go up to Bethel, and settle there. Make an altar there to the God who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.”2So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, “Put away the foreign gods that are among you, and purify yourselves, and change your clothes;3then come, let us go up to Bethel, that I may make an altar there to the God who answered me in the day of my distress and has been with me wherever I have gone.”4So they gave to Jacob all the foreign gods that they had, and the rings that were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak that was near Shechem.5As they journeyed, a terror from God fell upon the cities all around them, so that no one pursued them.6Jacob came to Luz (that is, Bethel), which is in the land of Canaan, he and all the people who were with him,7and there he built an altar and called the place El-bethel, because it was there that God had revealed himself to him when he fled from his brother.8And Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died, and she was buried under an oak below Bethel. So it was called Allon-bacuth.9God appeared to Jacob again when he came from Paddan-aram, and he blessed him.10God said to him, “Your name is Jacob; no longer shall you be called Jacob, but Israel shall be your name.” So he was called Israel.11God said to him, “I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall spring from you.12The land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and I will give the land to your offspring after you.”13Then God went up from him at the place where he had spoken with him.14Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he had spoken with him, a pillar of stone; and he poured out a drink offering on it, and poured oil on it.15So Jacob called the place where God had spoken with him Bethel.The Birth of Benjamin and the Death of Rachel
16Then they journeyed from Bethel; and when they were still some distance from Ephrath, Rachel was in childbirth, and she had hard labor.17When she was in her hard labor, the midwife said to her, “Do not be afraid; for now you will have another son.”18As her soul was departing (for she died), she named him Ben-oni; but his father called him Benjamin.19So Rachel died, and she was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem),20and Jacob set up a pillar at her grave; it is the pillar of Rachel's tomb, which is there to this day.21Israel journeyed on, and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Eder.22While Israel lived in that land, Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine; and Israel heard of it.
Now the sons of Jacob were twelve.23The sons of Leah: Reuben (Jacob's firstborn), Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.24The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.25The sons of Bilhah, Rachel's maid: Dan and Naphtali.26The sons of Zilpah, Leah's maid: Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan-aram.The Death of Isaac
27Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre, or Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had resided as aliens.28Now the days of Isaac were one hundred eighty years.29And Isaac breathed his last; he died and was gathered to his people, old and full of days; and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.Chapter 36Esau's Descendants
1These are the descendants of Esau (that is, Edom).2Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, Oholibamah daughter of Anah son of Zibeon the Hivite,3and Basemath, Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebaioth.4Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau; Basemath bore Reuel;5and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.6Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, his cattle, all his livestock, and all the property he had acquired in the land of Canaan; and he moved to a land some distance from his brother Jacob.7For their possessions were too great for them to live together; the land where they were staying could not support them because of their livestock.8So Esau settled in the hill country of Seir; Esau is Edom.9These are the descendants of Esau, ancestor of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.10These are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz son of Adah the wife of Esau; Reuel, the son of Esau's wife Basemath.11The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.12(Timna was a concubine of Eliphaz, Esau's son; she bore Amalek to Eliphaz.) These were the sons of Adah, Esau's wife.13These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Esau's wife, Basemath.14These were the sons of Esau's wife Oholibamah, daughter of Anah son of Zibeon: she bore to Esau Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.Clans and Kings of Edom
15These are the clans of the sons of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz the firstborn of Esau: the clans Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz,16Korah, Gatam, and Amalek; these are the clans of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; they are the sons of Adah.17These are the sons of Esau's son Reuel: the clans Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah; these are the clans of Reuel in the land of Edom; they are the sons of Esau's wife Basemath.18These are the sons of Esau's wife Oholibamah: the clans Jeush, Jalam, and Korah; these are the clans born of Esau's wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.19These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these are their clans.20These are the sons of Seir the Horite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,21Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; these are the clans of the Horites, the sons of Seir in the land of Edom.22The sons of Lotan were Hori and Heman; and Lotan's sister was Timna.23These are the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.24These are the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah; he is the Anah who found the springs in the wilderness, as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon.25These are the children of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah daughter of Anah.26These are the sons of Dishon: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.27These are the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.28These are the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.29These are the clans of the Horites: the clans Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,30Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; these are the clans of the Horites, clan by clan in the land of Seir.31These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before any king reigned over the Israelites.32Bela son of Beor reigned in Edom, the name of his city being Dinhabah.33Bela died, and Jobab son of Zerah of Bozrah succeeded him as king.34Jobab died, and Husham of the land of the Temanites succeeded him as king.35Husham died, and Hadad son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, succeeded him as king, the name of his city being Avith.36Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah succeeded him as king.37Samlah died, and Shaul of Rehoboth on the Euphrates succeeded him as king.38Shaul died, and Baal-hanan son of Achbor succeeded him as king.39Baal-hanan son of Achbor died, and Hadar succeeded him as king, the name of his city being Pau; his wife's name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, daughter of Me-zahab.40These are the names of the clans of Esau, according to their families and their localities by their names: the clans Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,41Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon,42Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar,43Magdiel, and Iram; these are the clans of Edom (that is, Esau, the father of Edom), according to their settlements in the land that they held.Chapter 37Joseph Dreams of Greatness
1Jacob settled in the land where his father had lived as an alien, the land of Canaan.2This is the story of the family of Jacob.
Joseph, being seventeen years old, was shepherding the flock with his brothers; he was a helper to the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father's wives; and Joseph brought a bad report of them to their father.3Now Israel loved Joseph more than any other of his children, because he was the son of his old age; and he had made him a long robe with sleeves.4But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably to him.5Once Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated him even more.6He said to them, “Listen to this dream that I dreamed.7There we were, binding sheaves in the field. Suddenly my sheaf rose and stood upright; then your sheaves gathered around it, and bowed down to my sheaf.”8His brothers said to him, “Are you indeed to reign over us? Are you indeed to have dominion over us?” So they hated him even more because of his dreams and his words.9He had another dream, and told it to his brothers, saying, “Look, I have had another dream: the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”10But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him, and said to him, “What kind of dream is this that you have had? Shall we indeed come, I and your mother and your brothers, and bow to the ground before you?”11So his brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the matter in mind.Joseph Is Sold by His Brothers
12Now his brothers went to pasture their father's flock near Shechem.13And Israel said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers pasturing the flock at Shechem? Come, I will send you to them.” He answered, “Here I am.”14So he said to him, “Go now, see if it is well with your brothers and with the flock; and bring word back to me.” So he sent him from the valley of Hebron.
He came to Shechem,15and a man found him wandering in the fields; the man asked him, “What are you seeking?”16“I am seeking my brothers,” he said; “tell me, please, where they are pasturing the flock.”17The man said, “They have gone away, for I heard them say, ‘Let us go to Dothan.’ ” So Joseph went after his brothers, and found them at Dothan.18They saw him from a distance, and before he came near to them, they conspired to kill him.19They said to one another, “Here comes this dreamer.20Come now, let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits; then we shall say that a wild animal has devoured him, and we shall see what will become of his dreams.”21But when Reuben heard it, he delivered him out of their hands, saying, “Let us not take his life.”22Reuben said to them, “Shed no blood; throw him into this pit here in the wilderness, but lay no hand on him”—that he might rescue him out of their hand and restore him to his father.23So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe, the long robe with sleeves that he wore;24and they took him and threw him into a pit. The pit was empty; there was no water in it.25Then they sat down to eat; and looking up they saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, with their camels carrying gum, balm, and resin, on their way to carry it down to Egypt.26Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is it if we kill our brother and conceal his blood?27Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, and not lay our hands on him, for he is our brother, our own flesh.” And his brothers agreed.28When some Midianite traders passed by, they drew Joseph up, lifting him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. And they took Joseph to Egypt.29When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not in the pit, he tore his clothes.30He returned to his brothers, and said, “The boy is gone; and I, where can I turn?”31Then they took Joseph's robe, slaughtered a goat, and dipped the robe in the blood.32They had the long robe with sleeves taken to their father, and they said, “This we have found; see now whether it is your son's robe or not.”33He recognized it, and said, “It is my son's robe! A wild animal has devoured him; Joseph is without doubt torn to pieces.”34Then Jacob tore his garments, and put sackcloth on his loins, and mourned for his son many days.35All his sons and all his daughters sought to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted, and said, “No, I shall go down to Sheol to my son, mourning.” Thus his father bewailed him.36Meanwhile the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh's officials, the captain of the guard.Chapter 38Judah and Tamar
1It happened at that time that Judah went down from his brothers and settled near a certain Adullamite whose name was Hirah.2There Judah saw the daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was Shua; he married her and went in to her.3She conceived and bore a son; and he named him Er.4Again she conceived and bore a son whom she named Onan.5Yet again she bore a son, and she named him Shelah. She was in Chezib when she bore him.6Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn; her name was Tamar.7But Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord put him to death.8Then Judah said to Onan, “Go in to your brother's wife and perform the duty of a brother-in-law to her; raise up offspring for your brother.”9But since Onan knew that the offspring would not be his, he spilled his semen on the ground whenever he went in to his brother's wife, so that he would not give offspring to his brother.10What he did was displeasing in the sight of the Lord, and he put him to death also.11Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Remain a widow in your father's house until my son Shelah grows up”—for he feared that he too would die, like his brothers. So Tamar went to live in her father's house.12In course of time the wife of Judah, Shua's daughter, died; when Judah's time of mourning was over, he went up to Timnah to his sheepshearers, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.13When Tamar was told, “Your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep,”14she put off her widow's garments, put on a veil, wrapped herself up, and sat down at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah. She saw that Shelah was grown up, yet she had not been given to him in marriage.15When Judah saw her, he thought her to be a prostitute, for she had covered her face.16He went over to her at the road side, and said, “Come, let me come in to you,” for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. She said, “What will you give me, that you may come in to me?”17He answered, “I will send you a kid from the flock.” And she said, “Only if you give me a pledge, until you send it.”18He said, “What pledge shall I give you?” She replied, “Your signet and your cord, and the staff that is in your hand.” So he gave them to her, and went in to her, and she conceived by him.19Then she got up and went away, and taking off her veil she put on the garments of her widowhood.20When Judah sent the kid by his friend the Adullamite, to recover the pledge from the woman, he could not find her.21He asked the townspeople, “Where is the temple prostitute who was at Enaim by the wayside?” But they said, “No prostitute has been here.”22So he returned to Judah, and said, “I have not found her; moreover the townspeople said, ‘No prostitute has been here.’ ”23Judah replied, “Let her keep the things as her own, otherwise we will be laughed at; you see, I sent this kid, and you could not find her.”24About three months later Judah was told, “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has played the whore; moreover she is pregnant as a result of whoredom.” And Judah said, “Bring her out, and let her be burned.”25As she was being brought out, she sent word to her father-in-law, “It was the owner of these who made me pregnant.” And she said, “Take note, please, whose these are, the signet and the cord and the staff.”26Then Judah acknowledged them and said, “She is more in the right than I, since I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not lie with her again.27When the time of her delivery came, there were twins in her womb.28While she was in labor, one put out a hand; and the midwife took and bound on his hand a crimson thread, saying, “This one came out first.”29But just then he drew back his hand, and out came his brother; and she said, “What a breach you have made for yourself!” Therefore he was named Perez.30Afterward his brother came out with the crimson thread on his hand; and he was named Zerah.Chapter 39Joseph and Potiphar's Wife
1Now Joseph was taken down to Egypt, and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him from the Ishmaelites who had brought him down there.2The Lord was with Joseph, and he became a successful man; he was in the house of his Egyptian master.3His master saw that the Lord was with him, and that the Lord caused all that he did to prosper in his hands.4So Joseph found favor in his sight and attended him; he made him overseer of his house and put him in charge of all that he had.5From the time that he made him overseer in his house and over all that he had, the Lord blessed the Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake; the blessing of the Lord was on all that he had, in house and field.6So he left all that he had in Joseph's charge; and, with him there, he had no concern for anything but the food that he ate.
Now Joseph was handsome and good-looking.7And after a time his master's wife cast her eyes on Joseph and said, “Lie with me.”8But he refused and said to his master's wife, “Look, with me here, my master has no concern about anything in the house, and he has put everything that he has in my hand.9He is not greater in this house than I am, nor has he kept back anything from me except yourself, because you are his wife. How then could I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?”10And although she spoke to Joseph day after day, he would not consent to lie beside her or to be with her.11One day, however, when he went into the house to do his work, and while no one else was in the house,12she caught hold of his garment, saying, “Lie with me!” But he left his garment in her hand, and fled and ran outside.13When she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled outside,14she called out to the members of her household and said to them, “See, my husband has brought among us a Hebrew to insult us! He came in to me to lie with me, and I cried out with a loud voice;15and when he heard me raise my voice and cry out, he left his garment beside me, and fled outside.”16Then she kept his garment by her until his master came home,17and she told him the same story, saying, “The Hebrew servant, whom you have brought among us, came in to me to insult me;18but as soon as I raised my voice and cried out, he left his garment beside me, and fled outside.”19When his master heard the words that his wife spoke to him, saying, “This is the way your servant treated me,” he became enraged.20And Joseph's master took him and put him into the prison, the place where the king's prisoners were confined; he remained there in prison.21But the Lord was with Joseph and showed him steadfast love; he gave him favor in the sight of the chief jailer.22The chief jailer committed to Joseph's care all the prisoners who were in the prison, and whatever was done there, he was the one who did it.23The chief jailer paid no heed to anything that was in Joseph's care, because the Lord was with him; and whatever he did, the Lord made it prosper.Chapter 40The Dreams of Two Prisoners
1Some time after this, the cupbearer of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord the king of Egypt.2Pharaoh was angry with his two officers, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker,3and he put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the prison where Joseph was confined.4The captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he waited on them; and they continued for some time in custody.5One night they both dreamed—the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison—each his own dream, and each dream with its own meaning.6When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw that they were troubled.7So he asked Pharaoh's officers, who were with him in custody in his master's house, “Why are your faces downcast today?”8They said to him, “We have had dreams, and there is no one to interpret them.” And Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God? Please tell them to me.”9So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, “In my dream there was a vine before me,10and on the vine there were three branches. As soon as it budded, its blossoms came out and the clusters ripened into grapes.11Pharaoh's cup was in my hand; and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup, and placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand.”12Then Joseph said to him, “This is its interpretation: the three branches are three days;13within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your office; and you shall place Pharaoh's cup in his hand, just as you used to do when you were his cupbearer.14But remember me when it is well with you; please do me the kindness to make mention of me to Pharaoh, and so get me out of this place.15For in fact I was stolen out of the land of the Hebrews; and here also I have done nothing that they should have put me into the dungeon.”16When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was favorable, he said to Joseph, “I also had a dream: there were three cake baskets on my head,17and in the uppermost basket there were all sorts of baked food for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating it out of the basket on my head.”18And Joseph answered, “This is its interpretation: the three baskets are three days;19within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head—from you!—and hang you on a pole; and the birds will eat the flesh from you.”20On the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, he made a feast for all his servants, and lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants.21He restored the chief cupbearer to his cupbearing, and he placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand;22but the chief baker he hanged, just as Joseph had interpreted to them.23Yet the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.Chapter 41Joseph Interprets Pharaoh's Dream
1After two whole years, Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing by the Nile,2and there came up out of the Nile seven sleek and fat cows, and they grazed in the reed grass.3Then seven other cows, ugly and thin, came up out of the Nile after them, and stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile.4The ugly and thin cows ate up the seven sleek and fat cows. And Pharaoh awoke.5Then he fell asleep and dreamed a second time; seven ears of grain, plump and good, were growing on one stalk.6Then seven ears, thin and blighted by the east wind, sprouted after them.7The thin ears swallowed up the seven plump and full ears. Pharaoh awoke, and it was a dream.8In the morning his spirit was troubled; so he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh.9Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “I remember my faults today.10Once Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and put me and the chief baker in custody in the house of the captain of the guard.11We dreamed on the same night, he and I, each having a dream with its own meaning.12A young Hebrew was there with us, a servant of the captain of the guard. When we told him, he interpreted our dreams to us, giving an interpretation to each according to his dream.13As he interpreted to us, so it turned out; I was restored to my office, and the baker was hanged.”14Then Pharaoh sent for Joseph, and he was hurriedly brought out of the dungeon. When he had shaved himself and changed his clothes, he came in before Pharaoh.15And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have had a dream, and there is no one who can interpret it. I have heard it said of you that when you hear a dream you can interpret it.”16Joseph answered Pharaoh, “It is not I; God will give Pharaoh a favorable answer.”17Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing on the banks of the Nile;18and seven cows, fat and sleek, came up out of the Nile and fed in the reed grass.19Then seven other cows came up after them, poor, very ugly, and thin. Never had I seen such ugly ones in all the land of Egypt.20The thin and ugly cows ate up the first seven fat cows,21but when they had eaten them no one would have known that they had done so, for they were still as ugly as before. Then I awoke.22I fell asleep a second time and I saw in my dream seven ears of grain, full and good, growing on one stalk,23and seven ears, withered, thin, and blighted by the east wind, sprouting after them;24and the thin ears swallowed up the seven good ears. But when I told it to the magicians, there was no one who could explain it to me.”25Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Pharaoh's dreams are one and the same; God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do.26The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good ears are seven years; the dreams are one.27The seven lean and ugly cows that came up after them are seven years, as are the seven empty ears blighted by the east wind. They are seven years of famine.28It is as I told Pharaoh; God has shown to Pharaoh what he is about to do.29There will come seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt.30After them there will arise seven years of famine, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt; the famine will consume the land.31The plenty will no longer be known in the land because of the famine that will follow, for it will be very grievous.32And the doubling of Pharaoh's dream means that the thing is fixed by God, and God will shortly bring it about.33Now therefore let Pharaoh select a man who is discerning and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt.34Let Pharaoh proceed to appoint overseers over the land, and take one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt during the seven plenteous years.35Let them gather all the food of these good years that are coming, and lay up grain under the authority of Pharaoh for food in the cities, and let them keep it.36That food shall be a reserve for the land against the seven years of famine that are to befall the land of Egypt, so that the land may not perish through the famine.”Joseph's Rise to Power
37The proposal pleased Pharaoh and all his servants.38Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find anyone else like this—one in whom is the spirit of God?”39So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has shown you all this, there is no one so discerning and wise as you.40You shall be over my house, and all my people shall order themselves as you command; only with regard to the throne will I be greater than you.”41And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.”42Removing his signet ring from his hand, Pharaoh put it on Joseph's hand; he arrayed him in garments of fine linen, and put a gold chain around his neck.43He had him ride in the chariot of his second-in-command; and they cried out in front of him, “Bow the knee!” Thus he set him over all the land of Egypt.44Moreover Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and without your consent no one shall lift up hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.”45Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-paneah; and he gave him Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, as his wife. Thus Joseph gained authority over the land of Egypt.46Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went through all the land of Egypt.47During the seven plenteous years the earth produced abundantly.48He gathered up all the food of the seven years when there was plenty in the land of Egypt, and stored up food in the cities; he stored up in every city the food from the fields around it.49So Joseph stored up grain in such abundance—like the sand of the sea—that he stopped measuring it; it was beyond measure.50Before the years of famine came, Joseph had two sons, whom Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, bore to him.51Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, “For,” he said, “God has made me forget all my hardship and all my father's house.”52The second he named Ephraim, “For God has made me fruitful in the land of my misfortunes.”53The seven years of plenty that prevailed in the land of Egypt came to an end;54and the seven years of famine began to come, just as Joseph had said. There was famine in every country, but throughout the land of Egypt there was bread.55When all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread. Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph; what he says to you, do.”56And since the famine had spread over all the land, Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold to the Egyptians, for the famine was severe in the land of Egypt.57Moreover, all the world came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain, because the famine became severe throughout the world.Chapter 42Joseph's Brothers Go to Egypt
1When Jacob learned that there was grain in Egypt, he said to his sons, “Why do you keep looking at one another?2I have heard,” he said, “that there is grain in Egypt; go down and buy grain for us there, that we may live and not die.”3So ten of Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt.4But Jacob did not send Joseph's brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he feared that harm might come to him.5Thus the sons of Israel were among the other people who came to buy grain, for the famine had reached the land of Canaan.6Now Joseph was governor over the land; it was he who sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph's brothers came and bowed themselves before him with their faces to the ground.7When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he treated them like strangers and spoke harshly to them. “Where do you come from?” he said. They said, “From the land of Canaan, to buy food.”8Although Joseph had recognized his brothers, they did not recognize him.9Joseph also remembered the dreams that he had dreamed about them. He said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see the nakedness of the land!”10They said to him, “No, my lord; your servants have come to buy food.11We are all sons of one man; we are honest men; your servants have never been spies.”12But he said to them, “No, you have come to see the nakedness of the land!”13They said, “We, your servants, are twelve brothers, the sons of a certain man in the land of Canaan; the youngest, however, is now with our father, and one is no more.”14But Joseph said to them, “It is just as I have said to you; you are spies!15Here is how you shall be tested: as Pharaoh lives, you shall not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here!16Let one of you go and bring your brother, while the rest of you remain in prison, in order that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you; or else, as Pharaoh lives, surely you are spies.”17And he put them all together in prison for three days.18On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do this and you will live, for I fear God:19if you are honest men, let one of your brothers stay here where you are imprisoned. The rest of you shall go and carry grain for the famine of your households,20and bring your youngest brother to me. Thus your words will be verified, and you shall not die.” And they agreed to do so.21They said to one another, “Alas, we are paying the penalty for what we did to our brother; we saw his anguish when he pleaded with us, but we would not listen. That is why this anguish has come upon us.”22Then Reuben answered them, “Did I not tell you not to wrong the boy? But you would not listen. So now there comes a reckoning for his blood.”23They did not know that Joseph understood them, since he spoke with them through an interpreter.24He turned away from them and wept; then he returned and spoke to them. And he picked out Simeon and had him bound before their eyes.25Joseph then gave orders to fill their bags with grain, to return every man's money to his sack, and to give them provisions for their journey. This was done for them.Joseph's Brothers Return to Canaan
26They loaded their donkeys with their grain, and departed.27When one of them opened his sack to give his donkey fodder at the lodging place, he saw his money at the top of the sack.28He said to his brothers, “My money has been put back; here it is in my sack!” At this they lost heart and turned trembling to one another, saying, “What is this that God has done to us?”29When they came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan, they told him all that had happened to them, saying,30“The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly to us, and charged us with spying on the land.31But we said to him, ‘We are honest men, we are not spies.32We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is no more, and the youngest is now with our father in the land of Canaan.’33Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘By this I shall know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me, take grain for the famine of your households, and go your way.34Bring your youngest brother to me, and I shall know that you are not spies but honest men. Then I will release your brother to you, and you may trade in the land.’ ”35As they were emptying their sacks, there in each one's sack was his bag of money. When they and their father saw their bundles of money, they were dismayed.36And their father Jacob said to them, “I am the one you have bereaved of children: Joseph is no more, and Simeon is no more, and now you would take Benjamin. All this has happened to me!”37Then Reuben said to his father, “You may kill my two sons if I do not bring him back to you. Put him in my hands, and I will bring him back to you.”38But he said, “My son shall not go down with you, for his brother is dead, and he alone is left. If harm should come to him on the journey that you are to make, you would bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to Sheol.”Chapter 43The Brothers Come Again, Bringing Benjamin
1Now the famine was severe in the land.2And when they had eaten up the grain that they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Go again, buy us a little more food.”3But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned us, saying, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’4If you will send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food;5but if you will not send him, we will not go down, for the man said to us, ‘You shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.’ ”6Israel said, “Why did you treat me so badly as to tell the man that you had another brother?”7They replied, “The man questioned us carefully about ourselves and our kindred, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ What we told him was in answer to these questions. Could we in any way know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?”8Then Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me, and let us be on our way, so that we may live and not die—you and we and also our little ones.9I myself will be surety for him; you can hold me accountable for him. If I do not bring him back to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame forever.