The Vision of the Chariot
1In the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I was among the exiles by the river Chebar, the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.2On the fifth day of the month (it was the fifth year of the exile of King Jehoiachin),3the word of the Lord came to the priest Ezekiel son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the Lord was on him there.4As I looked, a stormy wind came out of the north: a great cloud with brightness around it and fire flashing forth continually, and in the middle of the fire, something like gleaming amber.5In the middle of it was something like four living creatures. This was their appearance: they were of human form.6Each had four faces, and each of them had four wings.7Their legs were straight, and the soles of their feet were like the sole of a calf's foot; and they sparkled like burnished bronze.8Under their wings on their four sides they had human hands. And the four had their faces and their wings thus:9their wings touched one another; each of them moved straight ahead, without turning as they moved.10As for the appearance of their faces: the four had the face of a human being, the face of a lion on the right side, the face of an ox on the left side, and the face of an eagle;11such were their faces. Their wings were spread out above; each creature had two wings, each of which touched the wing of another, while two covered their bodies.12Each moved straight ahead; wherever the spirit would go, they went, without turning as they went.13In the middle of the living creatures there was something that looked like burning coals of fire, like torches moving to and fro among the living creatures; the fire was bright, and lightning issued from the fire.14The living creatures darted to and fro, like a flash of lightning.15As I looked at the living creatures, I saw a wheel on the earth beside the living creatures, one for each of the four of them.16As for the appearance of the wheels and their construction: their appearance was like the gleaming of beryl; and the four had the same form, their construction being something like a wheel within a wheel.17When they moved, they moved in any of the four directions without veering as they moved.18Their rims were tall and awesome, for the rims of all four were full of eyes all around.19When the living creatures moved, the wheels moved beside them; and when the living creatures rose from the earth, the wheels rose.20Wherever the spirit would go, they went, and the wheels rose along with them; for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.21When they moved, the others moved; when they stopped, the others stopped; and when they rose from the earth, the wheels rose along with them; for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.22Over the heads of the living creatures there was something like a dome, shining like crystal, spread out above their heads.23Under the dome their wings were stretched out straight, one toward another; and each of the creatures had two wings covering its body.24When they moved, I heard the sound of their wings like the sound of mighty waters, like the thunder of the Almighty, a sound of tumult like the sound of an army; when they stopped, they let down their wings.25And there came a voice from above the dome over their heads; when they stopped, they let down their wings.26And above the dome over their heads there was something like a throne, in appearance like sapphire; and seated above the likeness of a throne was something that seemed like a human form.27Upward from what appeared like the loins I saw something like gleaming amber, something that looked like fire enclosed all around; and downward from what looked like the loins I saw something that looked like fire, and there was a splendor all around.28Like the bow in a cloud on a rainy day, such was the appearance of the splendor all around. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord.
When I saw it, I fell on my face, and I heard the voice of someone speaking.Chapter 2The Vision of the Scroll
1He said to me: O mortal, stand up on your feet, and I will speak with you.2And when he spoke to me, a spirit entered into me and set me on my feet; and I heard him speaking to me.3He said to me, Mortal, I am sending you to the people of Israel, to a nation of rebels who have rebelled against me; they and their ancestors have transgressed against me to this very day.4The descendants are impudent and stubborn. I am sending you to them, and you shall say to them, “Thus says the Lord GOD.”5Whether they hear or refuse to hear (for they are a rebellious house), they shall know that there has been a prophet among them.6And you, O mortal, do not be afraid of them, and do not be afraid of their words, though briers and thorns surround you and you live among scorpions; do not be afraid of their words, and do not be dismayed at their looks, for they are a rebellious house.7You shall speak my words to them, whether they hear or refuse to hear; for they are a rebellious house.8But you, mortal, hear what I say to you; do not be rebellious like that rebellious house; open your mouth and eat what I give you.9I looked, and a hand was stretched out to me, and a written scroll was in it.10He spread it before me; it had writing on the front and on the back, and written on it were words of lamentation and mourning and woe.Chapter 31He said to me, O mortal, eat what is offered to you; eat this scroll, and go, speak to the house of Israel.2So I opened my mouth, and he gave me the scroll to eat.3He said to me, Mortal, eat this scroll that I give you and fill your stomach with it. Then I ate it; and in my mouth it was as sweet as honey.4He said to me: Mortal, go to the house of Israel and speak my very words to them.5For you are not sent to a people of obscure speech and difficult language, but to the house of Israel—6not to many peoples of obscure speech and difficult language, whose words you cannot understand. Surely, if I sent you to them, they would listen to you.7But the house of Israel will not listen to you, for they are not willing to listen to me; because all the house of Israel have a hard forehead and a stubborn heart.8See, I have made your face hard against their faces, and your forehead hard against their foreheads.9Like the hardest stone, harder than flint, I have made your forehead; do not fear them or be dismayed at their looks, for they are a rebellious house.10He said to me: Mortal, all my words that I shall speak to you receive in your heart and hear with your ears;11then go to the exiles, to your people, and speak to them. Say to them, “Thus says the Lord GOD”; whether they hear or refuse to hear.Ezekiel at the River Chebar
12Then the spirit lifted me up, and as the glory of the Lord rose from its place, I heard behind me the sound of loud rumbling;13it was the sound of the wings of the living creatures brushing against one another, and the sound of the wheels beside them, that sounded like a loud rumbling.14The spirit lifted me up and bore me away; I went in bitterness in the heat of my spirit, the hand of the Lord being strong upon me.15I came to the exiles at Tel-abib, who lived by the river Chebar. And I sat there among them, stunned, for seven days.16At the end of seven days, the word of the Lord came to me:17Mortal, I have made you a sentinel for the house of Israel; whenever you hear a word from my mouth, you shall give them warning from me.18If I say to the wicked, “You shall surely die,” and you give them no warning, or speak to warn the wicked from their wicked way, in order to save their life, those wicked persons shall die for their iniquity; but their blood I will require at your hand.19But if you warn the wicked, and they do not turn from their wickedness, or from their wicked way, they shall die for their iniquity; but you will have saved your life.20Again, if the righteous turn from their righteousness and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumbling block before them, they shall die; because you have not warned them, they shall die for their sin, and their righteous deeds that they have done shall not be remembered; but their blood I will require at your hand.21If, however, you warn the righteous not to sin, and they do not sin, they shall surely live, because they took warning; and you will have saved your life.Ezekiel Isolated and Silenced
22Then the hand of the Lord was upon me there; and he said to me, Rise up, go out into the valley, and there I will speak with you.23So I rose up and went out into the valley; and the glory of the Lord stood there, like the glory that I had seen by the river Chebar; and I fell on my face.24The spirit entered into me, and set me on my feet; and he spoke with me and said to me: Go, shut yourself inside your house.25As for you, mortal, cords shall be placed on you, and you shall be bound with them, so that you cannot go out among the people;26and I will make your tongue cling to the roof of your mouth, so that you shall be speechless and unable to reprove them; for they are a rebellious house.27But when I speak with you, I will open your mouth, and you shall say to them, “Thus says the Lord GOD”; let those who will hear, hear; and let those who refuse to hear, refuse; for they are a rebellious house.Chapter 4The Siege of Jerusalem Portrayed
1And you, O mortal, take a brick and set it before you. On it portray a city, Jerusalem;2and put siegeworks against it, and build a siege wall against it, and cast up a ramp against it; set camps also against it, and plant battering rams against it all around.3Then take an iron plate and place it as an iron wall between you and the city; set your face toward it, and let it be in a state of siege, and press the siege against it. This is a sign for the house of Israel.4Then lie on your left side, and place the punishment of the house of Israel upon it; you shall bear their punishment for the number of the days that you lie there.5For I assign to you a number of days, three hundred ninety days, equal to the number of the years of their punishment; and so you shall bear the punishment of the house of Israel.6When you have completed these, you shall lie down a second time, but on your right side, and bear the punishment of the house of Judah; forty days I assign you, one day for each year.7You shall set your face toward the siege of Jerusalem, and with your arm bared you shall prophesy against it.8See, I am putting cords on you so that you cannot turn from one side to the other until you have completed the days of your siege.9And you, take wheat and barley, beans and lentils, millet and spelt; put them into one vessel, and make bread for yourself. During the number of days that you lie on your side, three hundred ninety days, you shall eat it.10The food that you eat shall be twenty shekels a day by weight; at fixed times you shall eat it.11And you shall drink water by measure, one-sixth of a hin; at fixed times you shall drink.12You shall eat it as a barley-cake, baking it in their sight on human dung.13The Lord said, “Thus shall the people of Israel eat their bread, unclean, among the nations to which I will drive them.”14Then I said, “Ah Lord GOD! I have never defiled myself; from my youth up until now I have never eaten what died of itself or was torn by animals, nor has carrion flesh come into my mouth.”15Then he said to me, “See, I will let you have cow's dung instead of human dung, on which you may prepare your bread.”16Then he said to me, Mortal, I am going to break the staff of bread in Jerusalem; they shall eat bread by weight and with fearfulness; and they shall drink water by measure and in dismay.17Lacking bread and water, they will look at one another in dismay, and waste away under their punishment.Chapter 5A Sword against Jerusalem
1And you, O mortal, take a sharp sword; use it as a barber's razor and run it over your head and your beard; then take balances for weighing, and divide the hair.2One third of the hair you shall burn in the fire inside the city, when the days of the siege are completed; one third you shall take and strike with the sword all around the city; and one third you shall scatter to the wind, and I will unsheathe the sword after them.3Then you shall take from these a small number, and bind them in the skirts of your robe.4From these, again, you shall take some, throw them into the fire and burn them up; from there a fire will come out against all the house of Israel.5Thus says the Lord GOD: This is Jerusalem; I have set her in the center of the nations, with countries all around her.6But she has rebelled against my ordinances and my statutes, becoming more wicked than the nations and the countries all around her, rejecting my ordinances and not following my statutes.7Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because you are more turbulent than the nations that are all around you, and have not followed my statutes or kept my ordinances, but have acted according to the ordinances of the nations that are all around you;8therefore thus says the Lord GOD: I, I myself, am coming against you; I will execute judgments among you in the sight of the nations.9And because of all your abominations, I will do to you what I have never yet done, and the like of which I will never do again.10Surely, parents shall eat their children in your midst, and children shall eat their parents; I will execute judgments on you, and any of you who survive I will scatter to every wind.11Therefore, as I live, says the Lord GOD, surely, because you have defiled my sanctuary with all your detestable things and with all your abominations—therefore I will cut you down; my eye will not spare, and I will have no pity.12One third of you shall die of pestilence or be consumed by famine among you; one third shall fall by the sword around you; and one third I will scatter to every wind and will unsheathe the sword after them.13My anger shall spend itself, and I will vent my fury on them and satisfy myself; and they shall know that I, the Lord, have spoken in my jealousy, when I spend my fury on them.14Moreover I will make you a desolation and an object of mocking among the nations around you, in the sight of all that pass by.15You shall be a mockery and a taunt, a warning and a horror, to the nations around you, when I execute judgments on you in anger and fury, and with furious punishments—I, the Lord, have spoken—16when I loose against you my deadly arrows of famine, arrows for destruction, which I will let loose to destroy you, and when I bring more and more famine upon you, and break your staff of bread.17I will send famine and wild animals against you, and they will rob you of your children; pestilence and bloodshed shall pass through you; and I will bring the sword upon you. I, the Lord, have spoken.Chapter 6Judgment on Idolatrous Israel
1The word of the Lord came to me:2O mortal, set your face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them,3and say, You mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD! Thus says the Lord GOD to the mountains and the hills, to the ravines and the valleys: I, I myself will bring a sword upon you, and I will destroy your high places.4Your altars shall become desolate, and your incense stands shall be broken; and I will throw down your slain in front of your idols.5I will lay the corpses of the people of Israel in front of their idols; and I will scatter your bones around your altars.6Wherever you live, your towns shall be waste and your high places ruined, so that your altars will be waste and ruined, your idols broken and destroyed, your incense stands cut down, and your works wiped out.7The slain shall fall in your midst; then you shall know that I am the Lord.8But I will spare some. Some of you shall escape the sword among the nations and be scattered through the countries.9Those of you who escape shall remember me among the nations where they are carried captive, how I was crushed by their wanton heart that turned away from me, and their wanton eyes that turned after their idols. Then they will be loathsome in their own sight for the evils that they have committed, for all their abominations.10And they shall know that I am the Lord; I did not threaten in vain to bring this disaster upon them.11Thus says the Lord GOD: Clap your hands and stamp your foot, and say, Alas for all the vile abominations of the house of Israel! For they shall fall by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence.12Those far off shall die of pestilence; those nearby shall fall by the sword; and any who are left and are spared shall die of famine. Thus I will spend my fury upon them.13And you shall know that I am the Lord, when their slain lie among their idols around their altars, on every high hill, on all the mountain tops, under every green tree, and under every leafy oak, wherever they offered pleasing odor to all their idols.14I will stretch out my hand against them, and make the land desolate and waste, throughout all their settlements, from the wilderness to Riblah. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.Chapter 7Impending Disaster
1The word of the Lord came to me:2You, O mortal, thus says the Lord GOD to the land of Israel:
An end! The end has come
upon the four corners of the land.3Now the end is upon you,
I will let loose my anger upon you;
I will judge you according to your ways,
I will punish you for all your abominations.4My eye will not spare you, I will have no pity.
I will punish you for your ways,
while your abominations are among you.
Then you shall know that I am the Lord.5Thus says the Lord GOD:
Disaster after disaster! See, it comes.6An end has come, the end has come.
It has awakened against you; see, it comes!7Your doom has come to you,
O inhabitant of the land.
The time has come, the day is near—
of tumult, not of reveling on the mountains.8Soon now I will pour out my wrath upon you;
I will spend my anger against you.
I will judge you according to your ways,
and punish you for all your abominations.9My eye will not spare; I will have no pity.
I will punish you according to your ways,
while your abominations are among you.
Then you shall know that it is I the Lord who strike.10See, the day! See, it comes!
Your doom has gone out.
The rod has blossomed, pride has budded.11Violence has grown into a rod of wickedness.
None of them shall remain,
not their abundance, not their wealth;
no pre-eminence among them.12The time has come, the day draws near;
let not the buyer rejoice, nor the seller mourn,
for wrath is upon all their multitude.13For the sellers shall not return to what has been sold as long as they remain alive. For the vision concerns all their multitude; it shall not be revoked. Because of their iniquity, they cannot maintain their lives.14They have blown the horn and made everything ready;
but no one goes to battle,
for my wrath is upon all their multitude.15The sword is outside, pestilence and famine are inside;
those in the field die by the sword;
those in the city—famine and pestilence devour them.16If any survivors escape,
they shall be found on the mountains
like doves of the valleys,
all of them moaning over their iniquity.17All hands shall grow feeble,
all knees turn to water.18They shall put on sackcloth,
horror shall cover them.
Shame shall be on all faces,
baldness on all their heads.19They shall fling their silver into the streets,
their gold shall be treated as unclean.
Their silver and gold cannot save them on the day of the wrath of the Lord. They shall not satisfy their hunger or fill their stomachs with it. For it was the stumbling block of their iniquity.20From their beautiful ornament, in which they took pride, they made their abominable images, their detestable things; therefore I will make of it an unclean thing to them.21I will hand it over to strangers as booty,
to the wicked of the earth as plunder;
they shall profane it.22I will avert my face from them,
so that they may profane my treasured place;
the violent shall enter it,
they shall profane it.23Make a chain!
For the land is full of bloody crimes;
the city is full of violence.24I will bring the worst of the nations
to take possession of their houses.
I will put an end to the arrogance of the strong,
and their holy places shall be profaned.25When anguish comes, they will seek peace,
but there shall be none.26Disaster comes upon disaster,
rumor follows rumor;
they shall keep seeking a vision from the prophet;
instruction shall perish from the priest,
and counsel from the elders.27The king shall mourn,
the prince shall be wrapped in despair,
and the hands of the people of the land shall tremble.
According to their way I will deal with them;
according to their own judgments I will judge them.
And they shall know that I am the Lord.Chapter 8Abominations in the Temple
1In the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house, with the elders of Judah sitting before me, the hand of the Lord GOD fell upon me there.2I looked, and there was a figure that looked like a human being; below what appeared to be its loins it was fire, and above the loins it was like the appearance of brightness, like gleaming amber.3It stretched out the form of a hand, and took me by a lock of my head; and the spirit lifted me up between earth and heaven, and brought me in visions of God to Jerusalem, to the entrance of the gateway of the inner court that faces north, to the seat of the image of jealousy, which provokes to jealousy.4And the glory of the God of Israel was there, like the vision that I had seen in the valley.5Then God said to me, “O mortal, lift up your eyes now in the direction of the north.” So I lifted up my eyes toward the north, and there, north of the altar gate, in the entrance, was this image of jealousy.6He said to me, “Mortal, do you see what they are doing, the great abominations that the house of Israel are committing here, to drive me far from my sanctuary? Yet you will see still greater abominations.”7And he brought me to the entrance of the court; I looked, and there was a hole in the wall.8Then he said to me, “Mortal, dig through the wall”; and when I dug through the wall, there was an entrance.9He said to me, “Go in, and see the vile abominations that they are committing here.”10So I went in and looked; there, portrayed on the wall all around, were all kinds of creeping things, and loathsome animals, and all the idols of the house of Israel.11Before them stood seventy of the elders of the house of Israel, with Jaazaniah son of Shaphan standing among them. Each had his censer in his hand, and the fragrant cloud of incense was ascending.12Then he said to me, “Mortal, have you seen what the elders of the house of Israel are doing in the dark, each in his room of images? For they say, ‘The Lord does not see us, the Lord has forsaken the land.’ ”13He said also to me, “You will see still greater abominations that they are committing.”14Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the house of the Lord; women were sitting there weeping for Tammuz.15Then he said to me, “Have you seen this, O mortal? You will see still greater abominations than these.”16And he brought me into the inner court of the house of the Lord; there, at the entrance of the temple of the Lord, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men, with their backs to the temple of the Lord, and their faces toward the east, prostrating themselves to the sun toward the east.17Then he said to me, “Have you seen this, O mortal? Is it not bad enough that the house of Judah commits the abominations done here? Must they fill the land with violence, and provoke my anger still further? See, they are putting the branch to their nose!18Therefore I will act in wrath; my eye will not spare, nor will I have pity; and though they cry in my hearing with a loud voice, I will not listen to them.”Chapter 9The Slaughter of the Idolaters
1Then he cried in my hearing with a loud voice, saying, “Draw near, you executioners of the city, each with his destroying weapon in his hand.”2And six men came from the direction of the upper gate, which faces north, each with his weapon for slaughter in his hand; among them was a man clothed in linen, with a writing case at his side. They went in and stood beside the bronze altar.3Now the glory of the God of Israel had gone up from the cherub on which it rested to the threshold of the house. The Lord called to the man clothed in linen, who had the writing case at his side;4and said to him, “Go through the city, through Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of those who sigh and groan over all the abominations that are committed in it.”5To the others he said in my hearing, “Pass through the city after him, and kill; your eye shall not spare, and you shall show no pity.6Cut down old men, young men and young women, little children and women, but touch no one who has the mark. And begin at my sanctuary.” So they began with the elders who were in front of the house.7Then he said to them, “Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain. Go!” So they went out and killed in the city.8While they were killing, and I was left alone, I fell prostrate on my face and cried out, “Ah Lord GOD! will you destroy all who remain of Israel as you pour out your wrath upon Jerusalem?”9He said to me, “The guilt of the house of Israel and Judah is exceedingly great; the land is full of bloodshed and the city full of perversity; for they say, ‘The Lord has forsaken the land, and the Lord does not see.’10As for me, my eye will not spare, nor will I have pity, but I will bring down their deeds upon their heads.”11Then the man clothed in linen, with the writing case at his side, brought back word, saying, “I have done as you commanded me.”Chapter 10God's Glory Leaves Jerusalem
1Then I looked, and above the dome that was over the heads of the cherubim there appeared above them something like a sapphire, in form resembling a throne.2He said to the man clothed in linen, “Go within the wheelwork underneath the cherubim; fill your hands with burning coals from among the cherubim, and scatter them over the city.” He went in as I looked on.3Now the cherubim were standing on the south side of the house when the man went in; and a cloud filled the inner court.4Then the glory of the Lord rose up from the cherub to the threshold of the house; the house was filled with the cloud, and the court was full of the brightness of the glory of the Lord.5The sound of the wings of the cherubim was heard as far as the outer court, like the voice of God Almighty when he speaks.6When he commanded the man clothed in linen, “Take fire from within the wheelwork, from among the cherubim,” he went in and stood beside a wheel.7And a cherub stretched out his hand from among the cherubim to the fire that was among the cherubim, took some of it and put it into the hands of the man clothed in linen, who took it and went out.8The cherubim appeared to have the form of a human hand under their wings.9I looked, and there were four wheels beside the cherubim, one beside each cherub; and the appearance of the wheels was like gleaming beryl.10And as for their appearance, the four looked alike, something like a wheel within a wheel.11When they moved, they moved in any of the four directions without veering as they moved; but in whatever direction the front wheel faced, the others followed without veering as they moved.12Their entire body, their rims, their spokes, their wings, and the wheels—the wheels of the four of them—were full of eyes all around.13As for the wheels, they were called in my hearing “the wheelwork.”14Each one had four faces: the first face was that of the cherub, the second face was that of a human being, the third that of a lion, and the fourth that of an eagle.15The cherubim rose up. These were the living creatures that I saw by the river Chebar.16When the cherubim moved, the wheels moved beside them; and when the cherubim lifted up their wings to rise up from the earth, the wheels at their side did not veer.17When they stopped, the others stopped, and when they rose up, the others rose up with them; for the spirit of the living creatures was in them.18Then the glory of the Lord went out from the threshold of the house and stopped above the cherubim.19The cherubim lifted up their wings and rose up from the earth in my sight as they went out with the wheels beside them. They stopped at the entrance of the east gate of the house of the Lord; and the glory of the God of Israel was above them.20These were the living creatures that I saw underneath the God of Israel by the river Chebar; and I knew that they were cherubim.21Each had four faces, each four wings, and underneath their wings something like human hands.22As for what their faces were like, they were the same faces whose appearance I had seen by the river Chebar. Each one moved straight ahead.Chapter 11Judgment on Wicked Counselors
1The spirit lifted me up and brought me to the east gate of the house of the Lord, which faces east. There, at the entrance of the gateway, were twenty-five men; among them I saw Jaazaniah son of Azzur, and Pelatiah son of Benaiah, officials of the people.2He said to me, “Mortal, these are the men who devise iniquity and who give wicked counsel in this city;3they say, ‘The time is not near to build houses; this city is the pot, and we are the meat.’4Therefore prophesy against them; prophesy, O mortal.”5Then the spirit of the Lord fell upon me, and he said to me, “Say, Thus says the Lord: This is what you think, O house of Israel; I know the things that come into your mind.6You have killed many in this city, and have filled its streets with the slain.7Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: The slain whom you have placed within it are the meat, and this city is the pot; but you shall be taken out of it.8You have feared the sword; and I will bring the sword upon you, says the Lord GOD.9I will take you out of it and give you over to the hands of foreigners, and execute judgments upon you.10You shall fall by the sword; I will judge you at the border of Israel. And you shall know that I am the Lord.11This city shall not be your pot, and you shall not be the meat inside it; I will judge you at the border of Israel.12Then you shall know that I am the Lord, whose statutes you have not followed, and whose ordinances you have not kept, but you have acted according to the ordinances of the nations that are around you.”13Now, while I was prophesying, Pelatiah son of Benaiah died. Then I fell down on my face, cried with a loud voice, and said, “Ah Lord GOD! will you make a full end of the remnant of Israel?”God Will Restore Israel
14Then the word of the Lord came to me:15Mortal, your kinsfolk, your own kin, your fellow exiles, the whole house of Israel, all of them, are those of whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem have said, “They have gone far from the Lord; to us this land is given for a possession.”16Therefore say: Thus says the Lord GOD: Though I removed them far away among the nations, and though I scattered them among the countries, yet I have been a sanctuary to them for a little while in the countries where they have gone.17Therefore say: Thus says the Lord GOD: I will gather you from the peoples, and assemble you out of the countries where you have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel.18When they come there, they will remove from it all its detestable things and all its abominations.19I will give them one heart, and put a new spirit within them; I will remove the heart of stone from their flesh and give them a heart of flesh,20so that they may follow my statutes and keep my ordinances and obey them. Then they shall be my people, and I will be their God.21But as for those whose heart goes after their detestable things and their abominations, I will bring their deeds upon their own heads, says the Lord GOD.22Then the cherubim lifted up their wings, with the wheels beside them; and the glory of the God of Israel was above them.23And the glory of the Lord ascended from the middle of the city, and stopped on the mountain east of the city.24The spirit lifted me up and brought me in a vision by the spirit of God into Chaldea, to the exiles. Then the vision that I had seen left me.25And I told the exiles all the things that the Lord had shown me.
Chapter 12Judah's Captivity Portrayed
1The word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, you are living in the midst of a rebellious house, who have eyes to see but do not see, who have ears to hear but do not hear;3for they are a rebellious house. Therefore, mortal, prepare for yourself an exile's baggage, and go into exile by day in their sight; you shall go like an exile from your place to another place in their sight. Perhaps they will understand, though they are a rebellious house.4You shall bring out your baggage by day in their sight, as baggage for exile; and you shall go out yourself at evening in their sight, as those do who go into exile.5Dig through the wall in their sight, and carry the baggage through it.6In their sight you shall lift the baggage on your shoulder, and carry it out in the dark; you shall cover your face, so that you may not see the land; for I have made you a sign for the house of Israel.7I did just as I was commanded. I brought out my baggage by day, as baggage for exile, and in the evening I dug through the wall with my own hands; I brought it out in the dark, carrying it on my shoulder in their sight.8In the morning the word of the Lord came to me:9Mortal, has not the house of Israel, the rebellious house, said to you, “What are you doing?”10Say to them, “Thus says the Lord GOD: This oracle concerns the prince in Jerusalem and all the house of Israel in it.”11Say, “I am a sign for you: as I have done, so shall it be done to them; they shall go into exile, into captivity.”12And the prince who is among them shall lift his baggage on his shoulder in the dark, and shall go out; he shall dig through the wall and carry it through; he shall cover his face, so that he may not see the land with his eyes.13I will spread my net over him, and he shall be caught in my snare; and I will bring him to Babylon, the land of the Chaldeans, yet he shall not see it; and he shall die there.14I will scatter to every wind all who are around him, his helpers and all his troops; and I will unsheathe the sword behind them.15And they shall know that I am the Lord, when I disperse them among the nations and scatter them through the countries.16But I will let a few of them escape from the sword, from famine and pestilence, so that they may tell of all their abominations among the nations where they go; then they shall know that I am the Lord.Judgment Not Postponed
17The word of the Lord came to me:18Mortal, eat your bread with quaking, and drink your water with trembling and with fearfulness;19and say to the people of the land, Thus says the Lord GOD concerning the inhabitants of Jerusalem in the land of Israel: They shall eat their bread with fearfulness, and drink their water in dismay, because their land shall be stripped of all it contains, on account of the violence of all those who live in it.20The inhabited cities shall be laid waste, and the land shall become a desolation; and you shall know that I am the Lord.21The word of the Lord came to me:22Mortal, what is this proverb of yours about the land of Israel, which says, “The days are prolonged, and every vision comes to nothing”?23Tell them therefore, “Thus says the Lord GOD: I will put an end to this proverb, and they shall use it no more as a proverb in Israel.” But say to them, The days are near, and the fulfillment of every vision.24For there shall no longer be any false vision or flattering divination within the house of Israel.25But I the Lord will speak the word that I speak, and it will be fulfilled. It will no longer be delayed; but in your days, O rebellious house, I will speak the word and fulfill it, says the Lord GOD.26The word of the Lord came to me:27Mortal, the house of Israel is saying, “The vision that he sees is for many years ahead; he prophesies for distant times.”28Therefore say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: None of my words will be delayed any longer, but the word that I speak will be fulfilled, says the Lord GOD.Chapter 13False Prophets Condemned
1The word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, prophesy against the prophets of Israel who are prophesying; say to those who prophesy out of their own imagination: “Hear the word of the Lord!”3Thus says the Lord GOD, Alas for the senseless prophets who follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!4Your prophets have been like jackals among ruins, O Israel.5You have not gone up into the breaches, or repaired a wall for the house of Israel, so that it might stand in battle on the day of the Lord.6They have envisioned falsehood and lying divination; they say, “Says the Lord,” when the Lord has not sent them, and yet they wait for the fulfillment of their word!7Have you not seen a false vision or uttered a lying divination, when you have said, “Says the Lord,” even though I did not speak?8Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because you have uttered falsehood and envisioned lies, I am against you, says the Lord GOD.9My hand will be against the prophets who see false visions and utter lying divinations; they shall not be in the council of my people, nor be enrolled in the register of the house of Israel, nor shall they enter the land of Israel; and you shall know that I am the Lord GOD.10Because, in truth, because they have misled my people, saying, “Peace,” when there is no peace; and because, when the people build a wall, these prophets smear whitewash on it.11Say to those who smear whitewash on it that it shall fall. There will be a deluge of rain, great hailstones will fall, and a stormy wind will break out.12When the wall falls, will it not be said to you, “Where is the whitewash you smeared on it?”13Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: In my wrath I will make a stormy wind break out, and in my anger there shall be a deluge of rain, and hailstones in wrath to destroy it.14I will break down the wall that you have smeared with whitewash, and bring it to the ground, so that its foundation will be laid bare; when it falls, you shall perish within it; and you shall know that I am the Lord.15Thus I will spend my wrath upon the wall, and upon those who have smeared it with whitewash; and I will say to you, The wall is no more, nor those who smeared it—16the prophets of Israel who prophesied concerning Jerusalem and saw visions of peace for it, when there was no peace, says the Lord GOD.17As for you, mortal, set your face against the daughters of your people, who prophesy out of their own imagination; prophesy against them18and say, Thus says the Lord GOD: Woe to the women who sew bands on all wrists, and make veils for the heads of persons of every height, in the hunt for human lives! Will you hunt down lives among my people, and maintain your own lives?19You have profaned me among my people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of bread, putting to death persons who should not die and keeping alive persons who should not live, by your lies to my people, who listen to lies.20Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: I am against your bands with which you hunt lives; I will tear them from your arms, and let the lives go free, the lives that you hunt down like birds.21I will tear off your veils, and save my people from your hands; they shall no longer be prey in your hands; and you shall know that I am the Lord.22Because you have disheartened the righteous falsely, although I have not disheartened them, and you have encouraged the wicked not to turn from their wicked way and save their lives;23therefore you shall no longer see false visions or practice divination; I will save my people from your hand. Then you will know that I am the Lord.Chapter 14God's Judgments Justified
1Certain elders of Israel came to me and sat down before me.2And the word of the Lord came to me:3Mortal, these men have taken their idols into their hearts, and placed their iniquity as a stumbling block before them; shall I let myself be consulted by them?4Therefore speak to them, and say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: Any of those of the house of Israel who take their idols into their hearts and place their iniquity as a stumbling block before them, and yet come to the prophet—I the Lord will answer those who come with the multitude of their idols,5in order that I may take hold of the hearts of the house of Israel, all of whom are estranged from me through their idols.6Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: Repent and turn away from your idols; and turn away your faces from all your abominations.7For any of those of the house of Israel, or of the aliens who reside in Israel, who separate themselves from me, taking their idols into their hearts and placing their iniquity as a stumbling block before them, and yet come to a prophet to inquire of me by him, I the Lord will answer them myself.8I will set my face against them; I will make them a sign and a byword and cut them off from the midst of my people; and you shall know that I am the Lord.9If a prophet is deceived and speaks a word, I, the Lord, have deceived that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand against him, and will destroy him from the midst of my people Israel.10And they shall bear their punishment—the punishment of the inquirer and the punishment of the prophet shall be the same—11so that the house of Israel may no longer go astray from me, nor defile themselves any more with all their transgressions. Then they shall be my people, and I will be their God, says the Lord GOD.12The word of the Lord came to me:13Mortal, when a land sins against me by acting faithlessly, and I stretch out my hand against it, and break its staff of bread and send famine upon it, and cut off from it human beings and animals,14even if Noah, Daniel, and Job, these three, were in it, they would save only their own lives by their righteousness, says the Lord GOD.15If I send wild animals through the land to ravage it, so that it is made desolate, and no one may pass through because of the animals;16even if these three men were in it, as I live, says the Lord GOD, they would save neither sons nor daughters; they alone would be saved, but the land would be desolate.17Or if I bring a sword upon that land and say, “Let a sword pass through the land,” and I cut off human beings and animals from it;18though these three men were in it, as I live, says the Lord GOD, they would save neither sons nor daughters, but they alone would be saved.19Or if I send a pestilence into that land, and pour out my wrath upon it with blood, to cut off humans and animals from it;20even if Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, as I live, says the Lord GOD, they would save neither son nor daughter; they would save only their own lives by their righteousness.21For thus says the Lord GOD: How much more when I send upon Jerusalem my four deadly acts of judgment, sword, famine, wild animals, and pestilence, to cut off humans and animals from it!22Yet, survivors shall be left in it, sons and daughters who will be brought out; they will come out to you. When you see their ways and their deeds, you will be consoled for the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, for all that I have brought upon it.23They shall console you, when you see their ways and their deeds; and you shall know that it was not without cause that I did all that I have done in it, says the Lord GOD.Chapter 15The Useless Vine
1The word of the Lord came to me:2O mortal, how does the wood of the vine surpass all other wood—
the vine branch that is among the trees of the forest?3Is wood taken from it to make anything?
Does one take a peg from it on which to hang any object?4It is put in the fire for fuel;
when the fire has consumed both ends of it
and the middle of it is charred,
is it useful for anything?5When it was whole it was used for nothing;
how much less—when the fire has consumed it,
and it is charred—
can it ever be used for anything!6Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Like the wood of the vine among the trees of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel, so I will give up the inhabitants of Jerusalem.7I will set my face against them; although they escape from the fire, the fire shall still consume them; and you shall know that I am the Lord, when I set my face against them.8And I will make the land desolate, because they have acted faithlessly, says the Lord GOD.Chapter 16God's Faithless Bride
1The word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, make known to Jerusalem her abominations,3and say, Thus says the Lord GOD to Jerusalem: Your origin and your birth were in the land of the Canaanites; your father was an Amorite, and your mother a Hittite.4As for your birth, on the day you were born your navel cord was not cut, nor were you washed with water to cleanse you, nor rubbed with salt, nor wrapped in cloths.5No eye pitied you, to do any of these things for you out of compassion for you; but you were thrown out in the open field, for you were abhorred on the day you were born.6I passed by you, and saw you flailing about in your blood. As you lay in your blood, I said to you, “Live!7and grow up like a plant of the field.” You grew up and became tall and arrived at full womanhood; your breasts were formed, and your hair had grown; yet you were naked and bare.8I passed by you again and looked on you; you were at the age for love. I spread the edge of my cloak over you, and covered your nakedness: I pledged myself to you and entered into a covenant with you, says the Lord GOD, and you became mine.9Then I bathed you with water and washed off the blood from you, and anointed you with oil.10I clothed you with embroidered cloth and with sandals of fine leather; I bound you in fine linen and covered you with rich fabric.11I adorned you with ornaments: I put bracelets on your arms, a chain on your neck,12a ring on your nose, earrings in your ears, and a beautiful crown upon your head.13You were adorned with gold and silver, while your clothing was of fine linen, rich fabric, and embroidered cloth. You had choice flour and honey and oil for food. You grew exceedingly beautiful, fit to be a queen.14Your fame spread among the nations on account of your beauty, for it was perfect because of my splendor that I had bestowed on you, says the Lord GOD.15But you trusted in your beauty, and played the whore because of your fame, and lavished your whorings on any passer-by.16You took some of your garments, and made for yourself colorful shrines, and on them played the whore; nothing like this has ever been or ever shall be.17You also took your beautiful jewels of my gold and my silver that I had given you, and made for yourself male images, and with them played the whore;18and you took your embroidered garments to cover them, and set my oil and my incense before them.19Also my bread that I gave you—I fed you with choice flour and oil and honey—you set it before them as a pleasing odor; and so it was, says the Lord GOD.20You took your sons and your daughters, whom you had borne to me, and these you sacrificed to them to be devoured. As if your whorings were not enough!21You slaughtered my children and delivered them up as an offering to them.22And in all your abominations and your whorings you did not remember the days of your youth, when you were naked and bare, flailing about in your blood.23After all your wickedness (woe, woe to you! says the Lord GOD),24you built yourself a platform and made yourself a lofty place in every square;25at the head of every street you built your lofty place and prostituted your beauty, offering yourself to every passer-by, and multiplying your whoring.26You played the whore with the Egyptians, your lustful neighbors, multiplying your whoring, to provoke me to anger.27Therefore I stretched out my hand against you, reduced your rations, and gave you up to the will of your enemies, the daughters of the Philistines, who were ashamed of your lewd behavior.28You played the whore with the Assyrians, because you were insatiable; you played the whore with them, and still you were not satisfied.29You multiplied your whoring with Chaldea, the land of merchants; and even with this you were not satisfied.30How sick is your heart, says the Lord GOD, that you did all these things, the deeds of a brazen whore;31building your platform at the head of every street, and making your lofty place in every square! Yet you were not like a whore, because you scorned payment.32Adulterous wife, who receives strangers instead of her husband!33Gifts are given to all whores; but you gave your gifts to all your lovers, bribing them to come to you from all around for your whorings.34So you were different from other women in your whorings: no one solicited you to play the whore; and you gave payment, while no payment was given to you; you were different.35Therefore, O whore, hear the word of the Lord:36Thus says the Lord GOD, Because your lust was poured out and your nakedness uncovered in your whoring with your lovers, and because of all your abominable idols, and because of the blood of your children that you gave to them,37therefore, I will gather all your lovers, with whom you took pleasure, all those you loved and all those you hated; I will gather them against you from all around, and will uncover your nakedness to them, so that they may see all your nakedness.38I will judge you as women who commit adultery and shed blood are judged, and bring blood upon you in wrath and jealousy.39I will deliver you into their hands, and they shall throw down your platform and break down your lofty places; they shall strip you of your clothes and take your beautiful objects and leave you naked and bare.40They shall bring up a mob against you, and they shall stone you and cut you to pieces with their swords.41They shall burn your houses and execute judgments on you in the sight of many women; I will stop you from playing the whore, and you shall also make no more payments.42So I will satisfy my fury on you, and my jealousy shall turn away from you; I will be calm, and will be angry no longer.43Because you have not remembered the days of your youth, but have enraged me with all these things; therefore, I have returned your deeds upon your head, says the Lord GOD.
Have you not committed lewdness beyond all your abominations?44See, everyone who uses proverbs will use this proverb about you, “Like mother, like daughter.”45You are the daughter of your mother, who loathed her husband and her children; and you are the sister of your sisters, who loathed their husbands and their children. Your mother was a Hittite and your father an Amorite.46Your elder sister is Samaria, who lived with her daughters to the north of you; and your younger sister, who lived to the south of you, is Sodom with her daughters.47You not only followed their ways, and acted according to their abominations; within a very little time you were more corrupt than they in all your ways.48As I live, says the Lord GOD, your sister Sodom and her daughters have not done as you and your daughters have done.49This was the guilt of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had pride, excess of food, and prosperous ease, but did not aid the poor and needy.50They were haughty, and did abominable things before me; therefore I removed them when I saw it.51Samaria has not committed half your sins; you have committed more abominations than they, and have made your sisters appear righteous by all the abominations that you have committed.52Bear your disgrace, you also, for you have brought about for your sisters a more favorable judgment; because of your sins in which you acted more abominably than they, they are more in the right than you. So be ashamed, you also, and bear your disgrace, for you have made your sisters appear righteous.53I will restore their fortunes, the fortunes of Sodom and her daughters and the fortunes of Samaria and her daughters, and I will restore your own fortunes along with theirs,54in order that you may bear your disgrace and be ashamed of all that you have done, becoming a consolation to them.55As for your sisters, Sodom and her daughters shall return to their former state, Samaria and her daughters shall return to their former state, and you and your daughters shall return to your former state.56Was not your sister Sodom a byword in your mouth in the day of your pride,57before your wickedness was uncovered? Now you are a mockery to the daughters of Aram and all her neighbors, and to the daughters of the Philistines, those all around who despise you.58You must bear the penalty of your lewdness and your abominations, says the Lord.An Everlasting Covenant
59Yes, thus says the Lord GOD: I will deal with you as you have done, you who have despised the oath, breaking the covenant;60yet I will remember my covenant with you in the days of your youth, and I will establish with you an everlasting covenant.61Then you will remember your ways, and be ashamed when I take your sisters, both your elder and your younger, and give them to you as daughters, but not on account of my covenant with you.62I will establish my covenant with you, and you shall know that I am the Lord,63in order that you may remember and be confounded, and never open your mouth again because of your shame, when I forgive you all that you have done, says the Lord GOD.Chapter 17The Two Eagles and the Vine
1The word of the Lord came to me:2O mortal, propound a riddle, and speak an allegory to the house of Israel.3Say: Thus says the Lord GOD:
A great eagle, with great wings and long pinions,
rich in plumage of many colors,
came to the Lebanon.
He took the top of the cedar,4broke off its topmost shoot;
He carried it to a land of trade,
set it in a city of merchants.5Then he took a seed from the land,
placed it in fertile soil;
A plant by abundant waters,
he set it like a willow twig.6It sprouted and became a vine
spreading out, but low;
Its branches turned toward him,
its roots remained where it stood.
So it became a vine;
it brought forth branches,
put forth foliage.
7There was another great eagle,
with great wings and much plumage.
And see! This vine stretched out
its roots toward him;
It shot out its branches toward him,
so that he might water it.
From the bed where it was planted8it was transplanted
to good soil by abundant waters,
so that it might produce branches
and bear fruit
and become a noble vine.9Say: Thus says the Lord GOD:
Will it prosper?
Will he not pull up its roots,
cause its fruit to rot and wither,
its fresh sprouting leaves to fade?
No strong arm or mighty army will be needed
to pull it from its roots.10When it is transplanted, will it thrive?
When the east wind strikes it,
will it not utterly wither,
wither on the bed where it grew?11Then the word of the Lord came to me:12Say now to the rebellious house: Do you not know what these things mean? Tell them: The king of Babylon came to Jerusalem, took its king and its officials, and brought them back with him to Babylon.13He took one of the royal offspring and made a covenant with him, putting him under oath (he had taken away the chief men of the land),14so that the kingdom might be humble and not lift itself up, and that by keeping his covenant it might stand.15But he rebelled against him by sending ambassadors to Egypt, in order that they might give him horses and a large army. Will he succeed? Can one escape who does such things? Can he break the covenant and yet escape?16As I live, says the Lord GOD, surely in the place where the king resides who made him king, whose oath he despised, and whose covenant with him he broke—in Babylon he shall die.17Pharaoh with his mighty army and great company will not help him in war, when ramps are cast up and siege walls built to cut off many lives.18Because he despised the oath and broke the covenant, because he gave his hand and yet did all these things, he shall not escape.19Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: As I live, I will surely return upon his head my oath that he despised, and my covenant that he broke.20I will spread my net over him, and he shall be caught in my snare; I will bring him to Babylon and enter into judgment with him there for the treason he has committed against me.21All the pick of his troops shall fall by the sword, and the survivors shall be scattered to every wind; and you shall know that I, the Lord, have spoken.Israel Exalted at Last
22Thus says the Lord GOD:
I myself will take a sprig
from the lofty top of a cedar;
I will set it out.
I will break off a tender one
from the topmost of its young twigs;
I myself will plant it
on a high and lofty mountain.23On the mountain height of Israel
I will plant it,
in order that it may produce boughs and bear fruit,
and become a noble cedar.
Under it every kind of bird will live;
in the shade of its branches will nest
winged creatures of every kind.24All the trees of the field shall know
that I am the Lord.
I bring low the high tree,
I make high the low tree;
I dry up the green tree
and make the dry tree flourish.
I the Lord have spoken;
I will accomplish it.Chapter 18Individual Retribution
1The word of the Lord came to me:2What do you mean by repeating this proverb concerning the land of Israel, “The parents have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge”?3As I live, says the Lord GOD, this proverb shall no more be used by you in Israel.4Know that all lives are mine; the life of the parent as well as the life of the child is mine: it is only the person who sins that shall die.5If a man is righteous and does what is lawful and right—6if he does not eat upon the mountains or lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, does not defile his neighbor's wife or approach a woman during her menstrual period,7does not oppress anyone, but restores to the debtor his pledge, commits no robbery, gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with a garment,8does not take advance or accrued interest, withholds his hand from iniquity, executes true justice between contending parties,9follows my statutes, and is careful to observe my ordinances, acting faithfully—such a one is righteous; he shall surely live, says the Lord GOD.10If he has a son who is violent, a shedder of blood,11who does any of these things (though his father does none of them), who eats upon the mountains, defiles his neighbor's wife,12oppresses the poor and needy, commits robbery, does not restore the pledge, lifts up his eyes to the idols, commits abomination,13takes advance or accrued interest; shall he then live? He shall not. He has done all these abominable things; he shall surely die; his blood shall be upon himself.14But if this man has a son who sees all the sins that his father has done, considers, and does not do likewise,15who does not eat upon the mountains or lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, does not defile his neighbor's wife,16does not wrong anyone, exacts no pledge, commits no robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with a garment,17withholds his hand from iniquity, takes no advance or accrued interest, observes my ordinances, and follows my statutes; he shall not die for his father's iniquity; he shall surely live.18As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what is not good among his people, he dies for his iniquity.19Yet you say, “Why should not the son suffer for the iniquity of the father?” When the son has done what is lawful and right, and has been careful to observe all my statutes, he shall surely live.20The person who sins shall die. A child shall not suffer for the iniquity of a parent, nor a parent suffer for the iniquity of a child; the righteousness of the righteous shall be his own, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be his own.21But if the wicked turn away from all their sins that they have committed and keep all my statutes and do what is lawful and right, they shall surely live; they shall not die.22None of the transgressions that they have committed shall be remembered against them; for the righteousness that they have done they shall live.23Have I any pleasure in the death of the wicked, says the Lord GOD, and not rather that they should turn from their ways and live?24But when the righteous turn away from their righteousness and commit iniquity and do the same abominable things that the wicked do, shall they live? None of the righteous deeds that they have done shall be remembered; for the treachery of which they are guilty and the sin they have committed, they shall die.25Yet you say, “The way of the Lord is unfair.” Hear now, O house of Israel: Is my way unfair? Is it not your ways that are unfair?26When the righteous turn away from their righteousness and commit iniquity, they shall die for it; for the iniquity that they have committed they shall die.27Again, when the wicked turn away from the wickedness they have committed and do what is lawful and right, they shall save their life.28Because they considered and turned away from all the transgressions that they had committed, they shall surely live; they shall not die.29Yet the house of Israel says, “The way of the Lord is unfair.” O house of Israel, are my ways unfair? Is it not your ways that are unfair?30Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, all of you according to your ways, says the Lord GOD. Repent and turn from all your transgressions; otherwise iniquity will be your ruin.31Cast away from you all the transgressions that you have committed against me, and get yourselves a new heart and a new spirit! Why will you die, O house of Israel?32For I have no pleasure in the death of anyone, says the Lord GOD. Turn, then, and live.Chapter 19Israel Degraded
1As for you, raise up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,2and say:
What a lioness was your mother
She lay down among young lions,
rearing her cubs.3She raised up one of her cubs;
he became a young lion,
and he learned to catch prey;
he devoured humans.4The nations sounded an alarm against him;
he was caught in their pit;
and they brought him with hooks
to the land of Egypt.5When she saw that she was thwarted,
that her hope was lost,
she took another of her cubs
and made him a young lion.6He prowled among the lions;
he became a young lion,
and he learned to catch prey;
he devoured people.7And he ravaged their strongholds,
and laid waste their towns;
the land was appalled, and all in it,
at the sound of his roaring.8The nations set upon him
from the provinces all around;
they spread their net over him;
he was caught in their pit.9With hooks they put him in a cage,
and brought him to the king of Babylon;
they brought him into custody,
so that his voice should be heard no more
on the mountains of Israel.10Your mother was like a vine in a vineyard
transplanted by the water,
fruitful and full of branches
from abundant water.11Its strongest stem became
a ruler's scepter;
it towered aloft
among the thick boughs;
it stood out in its height
with its mass of branches.12But it was plucked up in fury,
cast down to the ground;
the east wind dried it up;
its fruit was stripped off,
its strong stem was withered;
the fire consumed it.13Now it is transplanted into the wilderness,
into a dry and thirsty land.14And fire has gone out from its stem,
has consumed its branches and fruit,
so that there remains in it no strong stem,
no scepter for ruling.
This is a lamentation, and it is used as a lamentation.Chapter 20Israel's Continuing Rebellion
1In the seventh year, in the fifth month, on the tenth day of the month, certain elders of Israel came to consult the Lord, and sat down before me.2And the word of the Lord came to me:3Mortal, speak to the elders of Israel, and say to them: Thus says the Lord GOD: Why are you coming? To consult me? As I live, says the Lord GOD, I will not be consulted by you.4Will you judge them, mortal, will you judge them? Then let them know the abominations of their ancestors,5and say to them: Thus says the Lord GOD: On the day when I chose Israel, I swore to the offspring of the house of Jacob—making myself known to them in the land of Egypt—I swore to them, saying, I am the Lord your God.6On that day I swore to them that I would bring them out of the land of Egypt into a land that I had searched out for them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the most glorious of all lands.7And I said to them, Cast away the detestable things your eyes feast on, every one of you, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt; I am the Lord your God.8But they rebelled against me and would not listen to me; not one of them cast away the detestable things their eyes feasted on, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt.
Then I thought I would pour out my wrath upon them and spend my anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt.9But I acted for the sake of my name, that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations among whom they lived, in whose sight I made myself known to them in bringing them out of the land of Egypt.10So I led them out of the land of Egypt and brought them into the wilderness.11I gave them my statutes and showed them my ordinances, by whose observance everyone shall live.12Moreover I gave them my sabbaths, as a sign between me and them, so that they might know that I the Lord sanctify them.13But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness; they did not observe my statutes but rejected my ordinances, by whose observance everyone shall live; and my sabbaths they greatly profaned.
Then I thought I would pour out my wrath upon them in the wilderness, to make an end of them.14But I acted for the sake of my name, so that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations, in whose sight I had brought them out.15Moreover I swore to them in the wilderness that I would not bring them into the land that I had given them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the most glorious of all lands,16because they rejected my ordinances and did not observe my statutes, and profaned my sabbaths; for their heart went after their idols.17Nevertheless my eye spared them, and I did not destroy them or make an end of them in the wilderness.18I said to their children in the wilderness, Do not follow the statutes of your parents, nor observe their ordinances, nor defile yourselves with their idols.19I the Lord am your God; follow my statutes, and be careful to observe my ordinances,20and hallow my sabbaths that they may be a sign between me and you, so that you may know that I the Lord am your God.21But the children rebelled against me; they did not follow my statutes, and were not careful to observe my ordinances, by whose observance everyone shall live; they profaned my sabbaths.
Then I thought I would pour out my wrath upon them and spend my anger against them in the wilderness.22But I withheld my hand, and acted for the sake of my name, so that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations, in whose sight I had brought them out.23Moreover I swore to them in the wilderness that I would scatter them among the nations and disperse them through the countries,24because they had not executed my ordinances, but had rejected my statutes and profaned my sabbaths, and their eyes were set on their ancestors' idols.25Moreover I gave them statutes that were not good and ordinances by which they could not live.26I defiled them through their very gifts, in their offering up all their firstborn, in order that I might horrify them, so that they might know that I am the Lord.27Therefore, mortal, speak to the house of Israel and say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: In this again your ancestors blasphemed me, by dealing treacherously with me.28For when I had brought them into the land that I swore to give them, then wherever they saw any high hill or any leafy tree, there they offered their sacrifices and presented the provocation of their offering; there they sent up their pleasing odors, and there they poured out their drink offerings.29(I said to them, What is the high place to which you go? So it is called Bamah to this day.)30Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: Will you defile yourselves after the manner of your ancestors and go astray after their detestable things?31When you offer your gifts and make your children pass through the fire, you defile yourselves with all your idols to this day. And shall I be consulted by you, O house of Israel? As I live, says the Lord GOD, I will not be consulted by you.32What is in your mind shall never happen—the thought, “Let us be like the nations, like the tribes of the countries, and worship wood and stone.”God Will Restore Israel
33As I live, says the Lord GOD, surely with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, and with wrath poured out, I will be king over you.34I will bring you out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you are scattered, with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, and with wrath poured out;35and I will bring you into the wilderness of the peoples, and there I will enter into judgment with you face to face.36As I entered into judgment with your ancestors in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will enter into judgment with you, says the Lord GOD.37I will make you pass under the staff, and will bring you within the bond of the covenant.38I will purge out the rebels among you, and those who transgress against me; I will bring them out of the land where they reside as aliens, but they shall not enter the land of Israel. Then you shall know that I am the Lord.39As for you, O house of Israel, thus says the Lord GOD: Go serve your idols, everyone of you now and hereafter, if you will not listen to me; but my holy name you shall no more profane with your gifts and your idols.40For on my holy mountain, the mountain height of Israel, says the Lord GOD, there all the house of Israel, all of them, shall serve me in the land; there I will accept them, and there I will require your contributions and the choicest of your gifts, with all your sacred things.41As a pleasing odor I will accept you, when I bring you out from the peoples, and gather you out of the countries where you have been scattered; and I will manifest my holiness among you in the sight of the nations.42You shall know that I am the Lord, when I bring you into the land of Israel, the country that I swore to give to your ancestors.43There you shall remember your ways and all the deeds by which you have polluted yourselves; and you shall loathe yourselves for all the evils that you have committed.44And you shall know that I am the Lord, when I deal with you for my name's sake, not according to your evil ways, or corrupt deeds, O house of Israel, says the Lord GOD.A Prophecy against the Negeb
45 The word of the Lord came to me:46Mortal, set your face toward the south, preach against the south, and prophesy against the forest land in the Negeb;47say to the forest of the Negeb, Hear the word of the Lord: Thus says the Lord GOD, I will kindle a fire in you, and it shall devour every green tree in you and every dry tree; the blazing flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from south to north shall be scorched by it.48All flesh shall see that I the Lord have kindled it; it shall not be quenched.49Then I said, “Ah Lord GOD! they are saying of me, ‘Is he not a maker of allegories?’ ”Chapter 21The Drawn Sword of God
1 The word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, set your face toward Jerusalem and preach against the sanctuaries; prophesy against the land of Israel3and say to the land of Israel, Thus says the Lord: I am coming against you, and will draw my sword out of its sheath, and will cut off from you both righteous and wicked.4Because I will cut off from you both righteous and wicked, therefore my sword shall go out of its sheath against all flesh from south to north;5and all flesh shall know that I the Lord have drawn my sword out of its sheath; it shall not be sheathed again.6Moan therefore, mortal; moan with breaking heart and bitter grief before their eyes.7And when they say to you, “Why do you moan?” you shall say, “Because of the news that has come. Every heart will melt and all hands will be feeble, every spirit will faint and all knees will turn to water. See, it comes and it will be fulfilled,” says the Lord GOD.8And the word of the Lord came to me:9Mortal, prophesy and say: Thus says the Lord; Say:
A sword, a sword is sharpened,
it is also polished;10It is sharpened for slaughter,
honed to flash like lightning!
How can we make merry?
You have despised the rod,
and all discipline.11The sword is given to be polished,
to be grasped in the hand;
It is sharpened, the sword is polished,
to be placed in the slayer's hand.12Cry and wail, O mortal,
for it is against my people;
it is against all Israel's princes;
they are thrown to the sword,
together with my people.
Ah! Strike the thigh!13For consider: What! If you despise the rod, will it not happen? says the Lord GOD.14And you, mortal, prophesy;
Strike hand to hand.
Let the sword fall twice, thrice;
it is a sword for killing.
A sword for great slaughter—
it surrounds them;15therefore hearts melt
and many stumble.
At all their gates I have set
the point of the sword.
Ah! It is made for flashing,
it is polished for slaughter.16Attack to the right!
Engage to the left!
Wherever your edge is directed.17I too will strike hand to hand,
I will satisfy my fury;
I the Lord have spoken.18The word of the Lord came to me:19Mortal, mark out two roads for the sword of the king of Babylon to come; both of them shall issue from the same land. And make a signpost, make it for a fork in the road leading to a city;20mark out the road for the sword to come to Rabbah of the Ammonites or to Judah and to Jerusalem the fortified.21For the king of Babylon stands at the parting of the way, at the fork in the two roads, to use divination; he shakes the arrows, he consults the teraphim, he inspects the liver.22Into his right hand comes the lot for Jerusalem, to set battering rams, to call out for slaughter, for raising the battle cry, to set battering rams against the gates, to cast up ramps, to build siege towers.23But to them it will seem like a false divination; they have sworn solemn oaths; but he brings their guilt to remembrance, bringing about their capture.24Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because you have brought your guilt to remembrance, in that your transgressions are uncovered, so that in all your deeds your sins appear—because you have come to remembrance, you shall be taken in hand.25As for you, vile, wicked prince of Israel,
you whose day has come,
the time of final punishment,26thus says the Lord GOD:
Remove the turban, take off the crown;
things shall not remain as they are.
Exalt that which is low,
abase that which is high.27A ruin, a ruin, a ruin—
I will make it!
(Such has never occurred.)
Until he comes whose right it is;
to him I will give it.28As for you, mortal, prophesy, and say, Thus says the Lord GOD concerning the Ammonites, and concerning their reproach; say:
A sword, a sword! Drawn for slaughter
Polished to consume, to flash like lightning.29Offering false visions for you,
divining lies for you,
they place you over the necks
of the vile, wicked ones—
those whose day has come,
the time of final punishment.30Return it to its sheath!
In the place where you were created,
in the land of your origin,
I will judge you.31I will pour out my indignation upon you,
with the fire of my wrath
I will blow upon you.
I will deliver you into brutish hands,
those skillful to destroy.32You shall be fuel for the fire,
your blood shall enter the earth;
You shall be remembered no more,
for I the Lord have spoken.Chapter 22The Bloody City
1The word of the Lord came to me:2You, mortal, will you judge, will you judge the bloody city? Then declare to it all its abominable deeds.3You shall say, Thus says the Lord GOD: A city! Shedding blood within itself; its time has come; making its idols, defiling itself.4You have become guilty by the blood that you have shed, and defiled by the idols that you have made; you have brought your day near, the appointed time of your years has come. Therefore I have made you a disgrace before the nations, and a mockery to all the countries.5Those who are near and those who are far from you will mock you, you infamous one, full of tumult.6The princes of Israel in you, everyone according to his power, have been bent on shedding blood.7Father and mother are treated with contempt in you; the alien residing within you suffers extortion; the orphan and the widow are wronged in you.8You have despised my holy things, and profaned my sabbaths.9In you are those who slander to shed blood, those in you who eat upon the mountains, who commit lewdness in your midst.10In you they uncover their fathers' nakedness; in you they violate women in their menstrual periods.11One commits abomination with his neighbor's wife; another lewdly defiles his daughter-in-law; another in you defiles his sister, his father's daughter.12In you, they take bribes to shed blood; you take both advance interest and accrued interest, and make gain of your neighbors by extortion; and you have forgotten me, says the Lord GOD.13See, I strike my hands together at the dishonest gain you have made, and at the blood that has been shed within you.14Can your courage endure, or can your hands remain strong in the days when I shall deal with you? I the Lord have spoken, and I will do it.15I will scatter you among the nations and disperse you through the countries, and I will purge your filthiness out of you.16And I shall be profaned through you in the sight of the nations; and you shall know that I am the Lord.17The word of the Lord came to me:18Mortal, the house of Israel has become dross to me; all of them, silver, bronze, tin, iron, and lead. In the smelter they have become dross.19Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because you have all become dross, I will gather you into the midst of Jerusalem.20As one gathers silver, bronze, iron, lead, and tin into a smelter, to blow the fire upon them in order to melt them; so I will gather you in my anger and in my wrath, and I will put you in and melt you.21I will gather you and blow upon you with the fire of my wrath, and you shall be melted within it.22As silver is melted in a smelter, so you shall be melted in it; and you shall know that I the Lord have poured out my wrath upon you.23The word of the Lord came to me:24Mortal, say to it: You are a land that is not cleansed, not rained upon in the day of indignation.25Its princes within it are like a roaring lion tearing the prey; they have devoured human lives; they have taken treasure and precious things; they have made many widows within it.26Its priests have done violence to my teaching and have profaned my holy things; they have made no distinction between the holy and the common, neither have they taught the difference between the unclean and the clean, and they have disregarded my sabbaths, so that I am profaned among them.27Its officials within it are like wolves tearing the prey, shedding blood, destroying lives to get dishonest gain.28Its prophets have smeared whitewash on their behalf, seeing false visions and divining lies for them, saying, “Thus says the Lord GOD,” when the Lord has not spoken.29The people of the land have practiced extortion and committed robbery; they have oppressed the poor and needy, and have extorted from the alien without redress.30And I sought for anyone among them who would repair the wall and stand in the breach before me on behalf of the land, so that I would not destroy it; but I found no one.31Therefore I have poured out my indignation upon them; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath; I have returned their conduct upon their heads, says the Lord GOD.Chapter 23Oholah and Oholibah
1The word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, there were two women, the daughters of one mother;3they played the whore in Egypt; they played the whore in their youth; their breasts were caressed there, and their virgin bosoms were fondled.4Oholah was the name of the elder and Oholibah the name of her sister. They became mine, and they bore sons and daughters. As for their names, Oholah is Samaria, and Oholibah is Jerusalem.5Oholah played the whore while she was mine; she lusted after her lovers the Assyrians, warriors6clothed in blue, governors and commanders, all of them handsome young men, mounted horsemen.7She bestowed her favors upon them, the choicest men of Assyria all of them; and she defiled herself with all the idols of everyone for whom she lusted.8She did not give up her whorings that she had practiced since Egypt; for in her youth men had lain with her and fondled her virgin bosom and poured out their lust upon her.9Therefore I delivered her into the hands of her lovers, into the hands of the Assyrians, for whom she lusted.10These uncovered her nakedness; they seized her sons and her daughters; and they killed her with the sword. Judgment was executed upon her, and she became a byword among women.11Her sister Oholibah saw this, yet she was more corrupt than she in her lusting and in her whorings, which were worse than those of her sister.12She lusted after the Assyrians, governors and commanders, warriors clothed in full armor, mounted horsemen, all of them handsome young men.13And I saw that she was defiled; they both took the same way.14But she carried her whorings further; she saw male figures carved on the wall, images of the Chaldeans portrayed in vermilion,15with belts around their waists, with flowing turbans on their heads, all of them looking like officers—a picture of Babylonians whose native land was Chaldea.16When she saw them she lusted after them, and sent messengers to them in Chaldea.17And the Babylonians came to her into the bed of love, and they defiled her with their lust; and after she defiled herself with them, she turned from them in disgust.18When she carried on her whorings so openly and flaunted her nakedness, I turned in disgust from her, as I had turned from her sister.19Yet she increased her whorings, remembering the days of her youth, when she played the whore in the land of Egypt20and lusted after her paramours there, whose members were like those of donkeys, and whose emission was like that of stallions.21Thus you longed for the lewdness of your youth, when the Egyptians fondled your bosom and caressed your young breasts.22Therefore, O Oholibah, thus says the Lord GOD: I will rouse against you your lovers from whom you turned in disgust, and I will bring them against you from every side:23the Babylonians and all the Chaldeans, Pekod and Shoa and Koa, and all the Assyrians with them, handsome young men, governors and commanders all of them, officers and warriors, all of them riding on horses.24They shall come against you from the north with chariots and wagons and a host of peoples; they shall set themselves against you on every side with buckler, shield, and helmet, and I will commit the judgment to them, and they shall judge you according to their ordinances.25I will direct my indignation against you, in order that they may deal with you in fury. They shall cut off your nose and your ears, and your survivors shall fall by the sword. They shall seize your sons and your daughters, and your survivors shall be devoured by fire.26They shall also strip you of your clothes and take away your fine jewels.27So I will put an end to your lewdness and your whoring brought from the land of Egypt; you shall not long for them, or remember Egypt any more.28For thus says the Lord GOD: I will deliver you into the hands of those whom you hate, into the hands of those from whom you turned in disgust;29and they shall deal with you in hatred, and take away all the fruit of your labor, and leave you naked and bare, and the nakedness of your whorings shall be exposed. Your lewdness and your whorings30have brought this upon you, because you played the whore with the nations, and polluted yourself with their idols.31You have gone the way of your sister; therefore I will give her cup into your hand.32Thus says the Lord GOD:
You shall drink your sister's cup,
deep and wide;
you shall be scorned and derided,
it holds so much.33You shall be filled with drunkenness and sorrow.
A cup of horror and desolation
is the cup of your sister Samaria;34you shall drink it and drain it out,
and gnaw its sherds,
and tear out your breasts;
for I have spoken, says the Lord GOD.35Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because you have forgotten me and cast me behind your back, therefore bear the consequences of your lewdness and whorings.36The Lord said to me: Mortal, will you judge Oholah and Oholibah? Then declare to them their abominable deeds.37For they have committed adultery, and blood is on their hands; with their idols they have committed adultery; and they have even offered up to them for food the children whom they had borne to me.38Moreover this they have done to me: they have defiled my sanctuary on the same day and profaned my sabbaths.39For when they had slaughtered their children for their idols, on the same day they came into my sanctuary to profane it. This is what they did in my house.40They even sent for men to come from far away, to whom a messenger was sent, and they came. For them you bathed yourself, painted your eyes, and decked yourself with ornaments;41you sat on a stately couch, with a table spread before it on which you had placed my incense and my oil.42The sound of a raucous multitude was around her, with many of the rabble brought in drunken from the wilderness; and they put bracelets on the arms of the women, and beautiful crowns upon their heads.43Then I said, Ah, she is worn out with adulteries, but they carry on their sexual acts with her.44For they have gone in to her, as one goes in to a whore. Thus they went in to Oholah and to Oholibah, wanton women.45But righteous judges shall declare them guilty of adultery and of bloodshed; because they are adulteresses and blood is on their hands.46For thus says the Lord GOD: Bring up an assembly against them, and make them an object of terror and of plunder.47The assembly shall stone them and with their swords they shall cut them down; they shall kill their sons and their daughters, and burn up their houses.48Thus will I put an end to lewdness in the land, so that all women may take warning and not commit lewdness as you have done.49They shall repay you for your lewdness, and you shall bear the penalty for your sinful idolatry; and you shall know that I am the Lord GOD.Chapter 24The Boiling Pot
1In the ninth year, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, write down the name of this day, this very day. The king of Babylon has laid siege to Jerusalem this very day.3And utter an allegory to the rebellious house and say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD:
Set on the pot, set it on,
pour in water also;4put in it the pieces,
all the good pieces, the thigh and the shoulder;
fill it with choice bones.5Take the choicest one of the flock,
pile the logs under it;
boil its pieces,
seethe also its bones in it.
6Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:
Woe to the bloody city,
the pot whose rust is in it,
whose rust has not gone out of it!
Empty it piece by piece,
making no choice at all.7For the blood she shed is inside it;
she placed it on a bare rock;
she did not pour it out on the ground,
to cover it with earth.8To rouse my wrath, to take vengeance,
I have placed the blood she shed
on a bare rock,
so that it may not be covered.9Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:
Woe to the bloody city!
I will even make the pile great.10Heap up the logs, kindle the fire;
boil the meat well, mix in the spices,
let the bones be burned.11Stand it empty upon the coals,
so that it may become hot, its copper glow,
its filth melt in it, its rust be consumed.12In vain I have wearied myself;
its thick rust does not depart.
To the fire with its rust!13Yet, when I cleansed you in your filthy lewdness,
you did not become clean from your filth;
you shall not again be cleansed
until I have satisfied my fury upon you.14I the Lord have spoken; the time is coming, I will act. I will not refrain, I will not spare, I will not relent. According to your ways and your doings I will judge you, says the Lord GOD.Ezekiel's Bereavement
15The word of the Lord came to me:16Mortal, with one blow I am about to take away from you the delight of your eyes; yet you shall not mourn or weep, nor shall your tears run down.17Sigh, but not aloud; make no mourning for the dead. Bind on your turban, and put your sandals on your feet; do not cover your upper lip or eat the bread of mourners.18So I spoke to the people in the morning, and at evening my wife died. And on the next morning I did as I was commanded.19Then the people said to me, “Will you not tell us what these things mean for us, that you are acting this way?”20Then I said to them: The word of the Lord came to me:21Say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: I will profane my sanctuary, the pride of your power, the delight of your eyes, and your heart's desire; and your sons and your daughters whom you left behind shall fall by the sword.22And you shall do as I have done; you shall not cover your upper lip or eat the bread of mourners.23Your turbans shall be on your heads and your sandals on your feet; you shall not mourn or weep, but you shall pine away in your iniquities and groan to one another.24Thus Ezekiel shall be a sign to you; you shall do just as he has done. When this comes, then you shall know that I am the Lord GOD.25And you, mortal, on the day when I take from them their stronghold, their joy and glory, the delight of their eyes and their heart's affection, and also their sons and their daughters,26on that day, one who has escaped will come to you to report to you the news.27On that day your mouth shall be opened to the one who has escaped, and you shall speak and no longer be silent. So you shall be a sign to them; and they shall know that I am the Lord.