Deut 20-25:7

Rules of Warfare 1When you go out to war against your enemies, and see horses and chariots, an army larger than your own, you shall not be afraid of them; for the Lord your God is with you, who brought you up from the land of Egypt.2Before you engage in battle, the priest shall come forward and speak to the troops,3and shall say to them: “Hear, O Israel! Today you are drawing near to do battle against your enemies. Do not lose heart, or be afraid, or panic, or be in dread of them;4for it is the Lord your God who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to give you victory.”5Then the officials shall address the troops, saying, “Has anyone built a new house but not dedicated it? He should go back to his house, or he might die in the battle and another dedicate it.6Has anyone planted a vineyard but not yet enjoyed its fruit? He should go back to his house, or he might die in the battle and another be first to enjoy its fruit.7Has anyone become engaged to a woman but not yet married her? He should go back to his house, or he might die in the battle and another marry her.”8The officials shall continue to address the troops, saying, “Is anyone afraid or disheartened? He should go back to his house, or he might cause the heart of his comrades to melt like his own.”9When the officials have finished addressing the troops, then the commanders shall take charge of them.10When you draw near to a town to fight against it, offer it terms of peace.11If it accepts your terms of peace and surrenders to you, then all the people in it shall serve you at forced labor.12If it does not submit to you peacefully, but makes war against you, then you shall besiege it;13and when the Lord your God gives it into your hand, you shall put all its males to the sword.14You may, however, take as your booty the women, the children, livestock, and everything else in the town, all its spoil. You may enjoy the spoil of your enemies, which the Lord your God has given you.15Thus you shall treat all the towns that are very far from you, which are not towns of the nations here.16But as for the towns of these peoples that the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance, you must not let anything that breathes remain alive.17You shall annihilate them—the Hittites and the Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites—just as the Lord your God has commanded,18so that they may not teach you to do all the abhorrent things that they do for their gods, and you thus sin against the Lord your God.19If you besiege a town for a long time, making war against it in order to take it, you must not destroy its trees by wielding an ax against them. Although you may take food from them, you must not cut them down. Are trees in the field human beings that they should come under siege from you?20You may destroy only the trees that you know do not produce food; you may cut them down for use in building siegeworks against the town that makes war with you, until it falls.Chapter 21Law concerning Murder by Persons Unknown 1If, in the land that the Lord your God is giving you to possess, a body is found lying in open country, and it is not known who struck the person down,2then your elders and your judges shall come out to measure the distances to the towns that are near the body.3The elders of the town nearest the body shall take a heifer that has never been worked, one that has not pulled in the yoke;4the elders of that town shall bring the heifer down to a wadi with running water, which is neither plowed nor sown, and shall break the heifer's neck there in the wadi.5Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come forward, for the Lord your God has chosen them to minister to him and to pronounce blessings in the name of the Lord, and by their decision all cases of dispute and assault shall be settled.6All the elders of that town nearest the body shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the wadi,7and they shall declare: “Our hands did not shed this blood, nor were we witnesses to it.8Absolve, O Lord, your people Israel, whom you redeemed; do not let the guilt of innocent blood remain in the midst of your people Israel.” Then they will be absolved of bloodguilt.9So you shall purge the guilt of innocent blood from your midst, because you must do what is right in the sight of the Lord.Female Captives 10When you go out to war against your enemies, and the Lord your God hands them over to you and you take them captive,11suppose you see among the captives a beautiful woman whom you desire and want to marry,12and so you bring her home to your house: she shall shave her head, pare her nails,13discard her captive's garb, and shall remain in your house a full month, mourning for her father and mother; after that you may go in to her and be her husband, and she shall be your wife.14But if you are not satisfied with her, you shall let her go free and not sell her for money. You must not treat her as a slave, since you have dishonored her.The Right of the Firstborn 15If a man has two wives, one of them loved and the other disliked, and if both the loved and the disliked have borne him sons, the firstborn being the son of the one who is disliked,16then on the day when he wills his possessions to his sons, he is not permitted to treat the son of the loved as the firstborn in preference to the son of the disliked, who is the firstborn.17He must acknowledge as firstborn the son of the one who is disliked, giving him a double portion of all that he has; since he is the first issue of his virility, the right of the firstborn is his.Rebellious Children 18If someone has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey his father and mother, who does not heed them when they discipline him,19then his father and his mother shall take hold of him and bring him out to the elders of his town at the gate of that place.20They shall say to the elders of his town, “This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious. He will not obey us. He is a glutton and a drunkard.”21Then all the men of the town shall stone him to death. So you shall purge the evil from your midst; and all Israel will hear, and be afraid.Miscellaneous Laws 22When someone is convicted of a crime punishable by death and is executed, and you hang him on a tree,23his corpse must not remain all night upon the tree; you shall bury him that same day, for anyone hung on a tree is under God's curse. You must not defile the land that the Lord your God is giving you for possession.Chapter 221You shall not watch your neighbor's ox or sheep straying away and ignore them; you shall take them back to their owner.2If the owner does not reside near you or you do not know who the owner is, you shall bring it to your own house, and it shall remain with you until the owner claims it; then you shall return it.3You shall do the same with a neighbor's donkey; you shall do the same with a neighbor's garment; and you shall do the same with anything else that your neighbor loses and you find. You may not withhold your help.4You shall not see your neighbor's donkey or ox fallen on the road and ignore it; you shall help to lift it up.5A woman shall not wear a man's apparel, nor shall a man put on a woman's garment; for whoever does such things is abhorrent to the Lord your God.6If you come on a bird's nest, in any tree or on the ground, with fledglings or eggs, with the mother sitting on the fledglings or on the eggs, you shall not take the mother with the young.7Let the mother go, taking only the young for yourself, in order that it may go well with you and you may live long.8When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet for your roof; otherwise you might have bloodguilt on your house, if anyone should fall from it.9You shall not sow your vineyard with a second kind of seed, or the whole yield will have to be forfeited, both the crop that you have sown and the yield of the vineyard itself.10You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey yoked together.11You shall not wear clothes made of wool and linen woven together.12You shall make tassels on the four corners of the cloak with which you cover yourself.Laws concerning Sexual Relations 13Suppose a man marries a woman, but after going in to her, he dislikes her14and makes up charges against her, slandering her by saying, “I married this woman; but when I lay with her, I did not find evidence of her virginity.”15The father of the young woman and her mother shall then submit the evidence of the young woman's virginity to the elders of the city at the gate.16The father of the young woman shall say to the elders: “I gave my daughter in marriage to this man but he dislikes her;17now he has made up charges against her, saying, ‘I did not find evidence of your daughter's virginity.’ But here is the evidence of my daughter's virginity.” Then they shall spread out the cloth before the elders of the town.18The elders of that town shall take the man and punish him;19they shall fine him one hundred shekels of silver (which they shall give to the young woman's father) because he has slandered a virgin of Israel. She shall remain his wife; he shall not be permitted to divorce her as long as he lives.20If, however, this charge is true, that evidence of the young woman's virginity was not found,21then they shall bring the young woman out to the entrance of her father's house and the men of her town shall stone her to death, because she committed a disgraceful act in Israel by prostituting herself in her father's house. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.22If a man is caught lying with the wife of another man, both of them shall die, the man who lay with the woman as well as the woman. So you shall purge the evil from Israel.23If there is a young woman, a virgin already engaged to be married, and a man meets her in the town and lies with her,24you shall bring both of them to the gate of that town and stone them to death, the young woman because she did not cry for help in the town and the man because he violated his neighbor's wife. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.25But if the man meets the engaged woman in the open country, and the man seizes her and lies with her, then only the man who lay with her shall die.26You shall do nothing to the young woman; the young woman has not committed an offense punishable by death, because this case is like that of someone who attacks and murders a neighbor.27Since he found her in the open country, the engaged woman may have cried for help, but there was no one to rescue her.28If a man meets a virgin who is not engaged, and seizes her and lies with her, and they are caught in the act,29the man who lay with her shall give fifty shekels of silver to the young woman's father, and she shall become his wife. Because he violated her he shall not be permitted to divorce her as long as he lives.30 A man shall not marry his father's wife, thereby violating his father's rights.Chapter 23Those Excluded from the Assembly 1No one whose testicles are crushed or whose penis is cut off shall be admitted to the assembly of the Lord.2Those born of an illicit union shall not be admitted to the assembly of the Lord. Even to the tenth generation, none of their descendants shall be admitted to the assembly of the Lord.3No Ammonite or Moabite shall be admitted to the assembly of the Lord. Even to the tenth generation, none of their descendants shall be admitted to the assembly of the Lord,4because they did not meet you with food and water on your journey out of Egypt, and because they hired against you Balaam son of Beor, from Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse you.5(Yet the Lord your God refused to heed Balaam; the Lord your God turned the curse into a blessing for you, because the Lord your God loved you.)6You shall never promote their welfare or their prosperity as long as you live.7You shall not abhor any of the Edomites, for they are your kin. You shall not abhor any of the Egyptians, because you were an alien residing in their land.8The children of the third generation that are born to them may be admitted to the assembly of the Lord.Sanitary, Ritual, and Humanitarian Precepts 9When you are encamped against your enemies you shall guard against any impropriety.10If one of you becomes unclean because of a nocturnal emission, then he shall go outside the camp; he must not come within the camp.11When evening comes, he shall wash himself with water, and when the sun has set, he may come back into the camp.12You shall have a designated area outside the camp to which you shall go.13With your utensils you shall have a trowel; when you relieve yourself outside, you shall dig a hole with it and then cover up your excrement.14Because the Lord your God travels along with your camp, to save you and to hand over your enemies to you, therefore your camp must be holy, so that he may not see anything indecent among you and turn away from you.15Slaves who have escaped to you from their owners shall not be given back to them.16They shall reside with you, in your midst, in any place they choose in any one of your towns, wherever they please; you shall not oppress them.17None of the daughters of Israel shall be a temple prostitute; none of the sons of Israel shall be a temple prostitute.18You shall not bring the fee of a prostitute or the wages of a male prostitute into the house of the Lord your God in payment for any vow, for both of these are abhorrent to the Lord your God.19You shall not charge interest on loans to another Israelite, interest on money, interest on provisions, interest on anything that is lent.20On loans to a foreigner you may charge interest, but on loans to another Israelite you may not charge interest, so that the Lord your God may bless you in all your undertakings in the land that you are about to enter and possess.21If you make a vow to the Lord your God, do not postpone fulfilling it; for the Lord your God will surely require it of you, and you would incur guilt.22But if you refrain from vowing, you will not incur guilt.23Whatever your lips utter you must diligently perform, just as you have freely vowed to the Lord your God with your own mouth.24If you go into your neighbor's vineyard, you may eat your fill of grapes, as many as you wish, but you shall not put any in a container.25If you go into your neighbor's standing grain, you may pluck the ears with your hand, but you shall not put a sickle to your neighbor's standing grain.Chapter 24Laws concerning Marriage and Divorce 1Suppose a man enters into marriage with a woman, but she does not please him because he finds something objectionable about her, and so he writes her a certificate of divorce, puts it in her hand, and sends her out of his house; she then leaves his house2and goes off to become another man's wife.3Then suppose the second man dislikes her, writes her a bill of divorce, puts it in her hand, and sends her out of his house (or the second man who married her dies);4her first husband, who sent her away, is not permitted to take her again to be his wife after she has been defiled; for that would be abhorrent to the Lord, and you shall not bring guilt on the land that the Lord your God is giving you as a possession.Miscellaneous Laws 5When a man is newly married, he shall not go out with the army or be charged with any related duty. He shall be free at home one year, to be happy with the wife whom he has married.6No one shall take a mill or an upper millstone in pledge, for that would be taking a life in pledge.7If someone is caught kidnaping another Israelite, enslaving or selling the Israelite, then that kidnaper shall die. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.8Guard against an outbreak of a leprous skin disease by being very careful; you shall carefully observe whatever the levitical priests instruct you, just as I have commanded them.9Remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam on your journey out of Egypt.10When you make your neighbor a loan of any kind, you shall not go into the house to take the pledge.11You shall wait outside, while the person to whom you are making the loan brings the pledge out to you.12If the person is poor, you shall not sleep in the garment given you as the pledge.13You shall give the pledge back by sunset, so that your neighbor may sleep in the cloak and bless you; and it will be to your credit before the Lord your God.14You shall not withhold the wages of poor and needy laborers, whether other Israelites or aliens who reside in your land in one of your towns.15You shall pay them their wages daily before sunset, because they are poor and their livelihood depends on them; otherwise they might cry to the Lord against you, and you would incur guilt.16Parents shall not be put to death for their children, nor shall children be put to death for their parents; only for their own crimes may persons be put to death.17You shall not deprive a resident alien or an orphan of justice; you shall not take a widow's garment in pledge.18Remember that you were a slave in Egypt and the Lord your God redeemed you from there; therefore I command you to do this.19When you reap your harvest in your field and forget a sheaf in the field, you shall not go back to get it; it shall be left for the alien, the orphan, and the widow, so that the Lord your God may bless you in all your undertakings.20When you beat your olive trees, do not strip what is left; it shall be for the alien, the orphan, and the widow.21When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, do not glean what is left; it shall be for the alien, the orphan, and the widow.22Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt; therefore I am commanding you to do this.Chapter 251Suppose two persons have a dispute and enter into litigation, and the judges decide between them, declaring one to be in the right and the other to be in the wrong.2If the one in the wrong deserves to be flogged, the judge shall make that person lie down and be beaten in his presence with the number of lashes proportionate to the offense.3Forty lashes may be given but not more; if more lashes than these are given, your neighbor will be degraded in your sight.4You shall not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.Levirate Marriage 5When brothers reside together, and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the deceased shall not be married outside the family to a stranger. Her husband's brother shall go in to her, taking her in marriage, and performing the duty of a husband's brother to her,6and the firstborn whom she bears shall succeed to the name of the deceased brother, so that his name may not be blotted out of Israel.7But if the man has no desire to marry his brother's widow, then his brother's widow shall go up to the elders at the gate and say, “My husband's brother refuses to perpetuate his brother's name in Israel; he will not perform the duty of a husband's brother to me.”