David Mourns for Saul and Jonathan
1After the death of Saul, when David had returned from defeating the Amalekites, David remained two days in Ziklag.2On the third day, a man came from Saul's camp, with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. When he came to David, he fell to the ground and did obeisance.3David said to him, “Where have you come from?” He said to him, “I have escaped from the camp of Israel.”4David said to him, “How did things go? Tell me!” He answered, “The army fled from the battle, but also many of the army fell and died; and Saul and his son Jonathan also died.”5Then David asked the young man who was reporting to him, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan died?”6The young man reporting to him said, “I happened to be on Mount Gilboa; and there was Saul leaning on his spear, while the chariots and the horsemen drew close to him.7When he looked behind him, he saw me, and called to me. I answered, ‘Here sir.’8And he said to me, ‘Who are you?’ I answered him, ‘I am an Amalekite.’9He said to me, ‘Come, stand over me and kill me; for convulsions have seized me, and yet my life still lingers.’10So I stood over him, and killed him, for I knew that he could not live after he had fallen. I took the crown that was on his head and the armlet that was on his arm, and I have brought them here to my lord.”11Then David took hold of his clothes and tore them; and all the men who were with him did the same.12They mourned and wept, and fasted until evening for Saul and for his son Jonathan, and for the army of the Lord and for the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.13David said to the young man who had reported to him, “Where do you come from?” He answered, “I am the son of a resident alien, an Amalekite.”14David said to him, “Were you not afraid to lift your hand to destroy the Lord's anointed?”15Then David called one of the young men and said, “Come here and strike him down.” So he struck him down and he died.16David said to him, “Your blood be on your head; for your own mouth has testified against you, saying, ‘I have killed the Lord's anointed.’ ”17David intoned this lamentation over Saul and his son Jonathan.18(He ordered that The Song of the Bow be taught to the people of Judah; it is written in the Book of Jashar.) He said:19Your glory, O Israel, lies slain upon your high places!
How the mighty have fallen!20Tell it not in Gath,
proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon;
or the daughters of the Philistines will rejoice,
the daughters of the uncircumcised will exult.
21You mountains of Gilboa,
let there be no dew or rain upon you,
nor bounteous fields!
For there the shield of the mighty was defiled,
the shield of Saul, anointed with oil no more.
22From the blood of the slain,
from the fat of the mighty,
the bow of Jonathan did not turn back,
nor the sword of Saul return empty.
23Saul and Jonathan, beloved and lovely!
In life and in death they were not divided;
they were swifter than eagles,
they were stronger than lions.
24O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul,
who clothed you with crimson, in luxury,
who put ornaments of gold on your apparel.
25How the mighty have fallen
in the midst of the battle!
Jonathan lies slain upon your high places.26I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan;
greatly beloved were you to me;
your love to me was wonderful,
passing the love of women.
27How the mighty have fallen,
and the weapons of war perished!Chapter 2David Anointed King of Judah
1After this David inquired of the Lord, “Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah?” The Lord said to him, “Go up.” David said, “To which shall I go up?” He said, “To Hebron.”2So David went up there, along with his two wives, Ahinoam of Jezreel, and Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel.3David brought up the men who were with him, every one with his household; and they settled in the towns of Hebron.4Then the people of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah.
When they told David, “It was the people of Jabesh-gilead who buried Saul,”5David sent messengers to the people of Jabesh-gilead, and said to them, “May you be blessed by the Lord, because you showed this loyalty to Saul your lord, and buried him!6Now may the Lord show steadfast love and faithfulness to you! And I too will reward you because you have done this thing.7Therefore let your hands be strong, and be valiant; for Saul your lord is dead, and the house of Judah has anointed me king over them.”Ishbaal King of Israel
8But Abner son of Ner, commander of Saul's army, had taken Ishbaal son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim.9He made him king over Gilead, the Ashurites, Jezreel, Ephraim, Benjamin, and over all Israel.10Ishbaal, Saul's son, was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and he reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.11The time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.The Battle of Gibeon
12Abner son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbaal son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.13Joab son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out and met them at the pool of Gibeon. One group sat on one side of the pool, while the other sat on the other side of the pool.14Abner said to Joab, “Let the young men come forward and have a contest before us.” Joab said, “Let them come forward.”15So they came forward and were counted as they passed by, twelve for Benjamin and Ishbaal son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.16Each grasped his opponent by the head, and thrust his sword in his opponent's side; so they fell down together. Therefore that place was called Helkath-hazzurim, which is at Gibeon.17The battle was very fierce that day; and Abner and the men of Israel were beaten by the servants of David.18The three sons of Zeruiah were there, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel. Now Asahel was as swift of foot as a wild gazelle.19Asahel pursued Abner, turning neither to the right nor to the left as he followed him.20Then Abner looked back and said, “Is it you, Asahel?” He answered, “Yes, it is.”21Abner said to him, “Turn to your right or to your left, and seize one of the young men, and take his spoil.” But Asahel would not turn away from following him.22Abner said again to Asahel, “Turn away from following me; why should I strike you to the ground? How then could I show my face to your brother Joab?”23But he refused to turn away. So Abner struck him in the stomach with the butt of his spear, so that the spear came out at his back. He fell there, and died where he lay. And all those who came to the place where Asahel had fallen and died, stood still.24But Joab and Abishai pursued Abner. As the sun was going down they came to the hill of Ammah, which lies before Giah on the way to the wilderness of Gibeon.25The Benjaminites rallied around Abner and formed a single band; they took their stand on the top of a hill.26Then Abner called to Joab, “Is the sword to keep devouring forever? Do you not know that the end will be bitter? How long will it be before you order your people to turn from the pursuit of their kinsmen?”27Joab said, “As God lives, if you had not spoken, the people would have continued to pursue their kinsmen, not stopping until morning.”28Joab sounded the trumpet and all the people stopped; they no longer pursued Israel or engaged in battle any further.29Abner and his men traveled all that night through the Arabah; they crossed the Jordan, and, marching the whole forenoon, they came to Mahanaim.30Joab returned from the pursuit of Abner; and when he had gathered all the people together, there were missing of David's servants nineteen men besides Asahel.31But the servants of David had killed of Benjamin three hundred sixty of Abner's men.32They took up Asahel and buried him in the tomb of his father, which was at Bethlehem. Joab and his men marched all night, and the day broke upon them at Hebron.Chapter 3Abner Defects to David
1There was a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David; David grew stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul became weaker and weaker.2Sons were born to David at Hebron: his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam of Jezreel;3his second, Chileab, of Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel; the third, Absalom son of Maacah, daughter of King Talmai of Geshur;4the fourth, Adonijah son of Haggith; the fifth, Shephatiah son of Abital;5and the sixth, Ithream, of David's wife Eglah. These were born to David in Hebron.6While there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, Abner was making himself strong in the house of Saul.7Now Saul had a concubine whose name was Rizpah daughter of Aiah. And Ishbaal said to Abner, “Why have you gone in to my father's concubine?”8The words of Ishbaal made Abner very angry; he said, “Am I a dog's head for Judah? Today I keep showing loyalty to the house of your father Saul, to his brothers, and to his friends, and have not given you into the hand of David; and yet you charge me now with a crime concerning this woman.9So may God do to Abner and so may he add to it! For just what the Lord has sworn to David, that will I accomplish for him,10to transfer the kingdom from the house of Saul, and set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan to Beer-sheba.”11And Ishbaal could not answer Abner another word, because he feared him.12Abner sent messengers to David at Hebron, saying, “To whom does the land belong? Make your covenant with me, and I will give you my support to bring all Israel over to you.”13He said, “Good; I will make a covenant with you. But one thing I require of you: you shall never appear in my presence unless you bring Saul's daughter Michal when you come to see me.”14Then David sent messengers to Saul's son Ishbaal, saying, “Give me my wife Michal, to whom I became engaged at the price of one hundred foreskins of the Philistines.”15Ishbaal sent and took her from her husband Paltiel the son of Laish.16But her husband went with her, weeping as he walked behind her all the way to Bahurim. Then Abner said to him, “Go back home!” So he went back.17Abner sent word to the elders of Israel, saying, “For some time past you have been seeking David as king over you.18Now then bring it about; for the Lord has promised David: Through my servant David I will save my people Israel from the hand of the Philistines, and from all their enemies.”19Abner also spoke directly to the Benjaminites; then Abner went to tell David at Hebron all that Israel and the whole house of Benjamin were ready to do.20When Abner came with twenty men to David at Hebron, David made a feast for Abner and the men who were with him.21Abner said to David, “Let me go and rally all Israel to my lord the king, in order that they may make a covenant with you, and that you may reign over all that your heart desires.” So David dismissed Abner, and he went away in peace.Abner Is Killed by Joab
22Just then the servants of David arrived with Joab from a raid, bringing much spoil with them. But Abner was not with David at Hebron, for David had dismissed him, and he had gone away in peace.23When Joab and all the army that was with him came, it was told Joab, “Abner son of Ner came to the king, and he has dismissed him, and he has gone away in peace.”24Then Joab went to the king and said, “What have you done? Abner came to you; why did you dismiss him, so that he got away?25You know that Abner son of Ner came to deceive you, and to learn your comings and goings and to learn all that you are doing.”26When Joab came out from David's presence, he sent messengers after Abner, and they brought him back from the cistern of Sirah; but David did not know about it.27When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gateway to speak with him privately, and there he stabbed him in the stomach. So he died for shedding the blood of Asahel, Joab's brother.28Afterward, when David heard of it, he said, “I and my kingdom are forever guiltless before the Lord for the blood of Abner son of Ner.29May the guilt fall on the head of Joab, and on all his father's house; and may the house of Joab never be without one who has a discharge, or who is leprous, or who holds a spindle, or who falls by the sword, or who lacks food!”30So Joab and his brother Abishai murdered Abner because he had killed their brother Asahel in the battle at Gibeon.31Then David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, “Tear your clothes, and put on sackcloth, and mourn over Abner.” And King David followed the bier.32They buried Abner at Hebron. The king lifted up his voice and wept at the grave of Abner, and all the people wept.33The king lamented for Abner, saying,
“Should Abner die as a fool dies?34Your hands were not bound,
your feet were not fettered;
as one falls before the wicked
you have fallen.”
And all the people wept over him again.35Then all the people came to persuade David to eat something while it was still day; but David swore, saying, “So may God do to me, and more, if I taste bread or anything else before the sun goes down!”36All the people took notice of it, and it pleased them; just as everything the king did pleased all the people.37So all the people and all Israel understood that day that the king had no part in the killing of Abner son of Ner.38And the king said to his servants, “Do you not know that a prince and a great man has fallen this day in Israel?39Today I am powerless, even though anointed king; these men, the sons of Zeruiah, are too violent for me. The Lord pay back the one who does wickedly in accordance with his wickedness!”Chapter 4Ishbaal Assassinated
1When Saul's son Ishbaal heard that Abner had died at Hebron, his courage failed, and all Israel was dismayed.2Saul's son had two captains of raiding bands; the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab. They were sons of Rimmon a Benjaminite from Beeroth—for Beeroth is considered to belong to Benjamin.3(Now the people of Beeroth had fled to Gittaim and are there as resident aliens to this day).4Saul's son Jonathan had a son who was crippled in his feet. He was five years old when the news about Saul and Jonathan came from Jezreel. His nurse picked him up and fled; and, in her haste to flee, it happened that he fell and became lame. His name was Mephibosheth.5Now the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, set out, and about the heat of the day they came to the house of Ishbaal, while he was taking his noonday rest.6They came inside the house as though to take wheat, and they struck him in the stomach; then Rechab and his brother Baanah escaped.7Now they had come into the house while he was lying on his couch in his bedchamber; they attacked him, killed him, and beheaded him. Then they took his head and traveled by way of the Arabah all night long.8They brought the head of Ishbaal to David at Hebron and said to the king, “Here is the head of Ishbaal, son of Saul, your enemy, who sought your life; the Lord has avenged my lord the king this day on Saul and on his offspring.”9David answered Rechab and his brother Baanah, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, “As the Lord lives, who has redeemed my life out of every adversity,10when the one who told me, ‘See, Saul is dead,’ thought he was bringing good news, I seized him and killed him at Ziklag—this was the reward I gave him for his news.11How much more then, when wicked men have killed a righteous man on his bed in his own house! And now shall I not require his blood at your hand, and destroy you from the earth?”12So David commanded the young men, and they killed them; they cut off their hands and feet, and hung their bodies beside the pool at Hebron. But the head of Ishbaal they took and buried in the tomb of Abner at Hebron.Chapter 5David Anointed King of All Israel
1Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron, and said, “Look, we are your bone and flesh.2For some time, while Saul was king over us, it was you who led out Israel and brought it in. The Lord said to you: It is you who shall be shepherd of my people Israel, you who shall be ruler over Israel.”3So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron; and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David king over Israel.4David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.5At Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months; and at Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.Jerusalem Made Capital of the United Kingdom
6The king and his men marched to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who said to David, “You will not come in here, even the blind and the lame will turn you back”—thinking, “David cannot come in here.”7Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion, which is now the city of David.8David had said on that day, “Whoever would strike down the Jebusites, let him get up the water shaft to attack the lame and the blind, those whom David hates.” Therefore it is said, “The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.”9David occupied the stronghold, and named it the city of David. David built the city all around from the Millo inward.10And David became greater and greater, for the Lord, the God of hosts, was with him.