Solomon's Administrative Officers
1King Solomon was king over all Israel,2and these were his high officials: Azariah son of Zadok was the priest;3Elihoreph and Ahijah sons of Shisha were secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;4Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in command of the army; Zadok and Abiathar were priests;5Azariah son of Nathan was over the officials; Zabud son of Nathan was priest and king's friend;6Ahishar was in charge of the palace; and Adoniram son of Abda was in charge of the forced labor.7Solomon had twelve officials over all Israel, who provided food for the king and his household; each one had to make provision for one month in the year.8These were their names: Ben-hur, in the hill country of Ephraim;9Ben-deker, in Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan;10Ben-hesed, in Arubboth (to him belonged Socoh and all the land of Hepher);11Ben-abinadab, in all Naphath-dor (he had Taphath, Solomon's daughter, as his wife);12Baana son of Ahilud, in Taanach, Megiddo, and all Beth-shean, which is beside Zarethan below Jezreel, and from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, as far as the other side of Jokmeam;13Ben-geber, in Ramoth-gilead (he had the villages of Jair son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead, and he had the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, sixty great cities with walls and bronze bars);14Ahinadab son of Iddo, in Mahanaim;15Ahimaaz, in Naphtali (he had taken Basemath, Solomon's daughter, as his wife);16Baana son of Hushai, in Asher and Bealoth;17Jehoshaphat son of Paruah, in Issachar;18Shimei son of Ela, in Benjamin;19Geber son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, the country of King Sihon of the Amorites and of King Og of Bashan. And there was one official in the land of Judah.Magnificence of Solomon's Rule
20Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand by the sea; they ate and drank and were happy.21 Solomon was sovereign over all the kingdoms from the Euphrates to the land of the Philistines, even to the border of Egypt; they brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life.22Solomon's provision for one day was thirty cors of choice flour, and sixty cors of meal,23ten fat oxen, and twenty pasture-fed cattle, one hundred sheep, besides deer, gazelles, roebucks, and fatted fowl.24For he had dominion over all the region west of the Euphrates from Tiphsah to Gaza, over all the kings west of the Euphrates; and he had peace on all sides.25During Solomon's lifetime Judah and Israel lived in safety, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, all of them under their vines and fig trees.26Solomon also had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen.27Those officials supplied provisions for King Solomon and for all who came to King Solomon's table, each one in his month; they let nothing be lacking.28They also brought to the required place barley and straw for the horses and swift steeds, each according to his charge.Fame of Solomon's Wisdom
29God gave Solomon very great wisdom, discernment, and breadth of understanding as vast as the sand on the seashore,30so that Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east, and all the wisdom of Egypt.31He was wiser than anyone else, wiser than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, Calcol, and Darda, children of Mahol; his fame spread throughout all the surrounding nations.32He composed three thousand proverbs, and his songs numbered a thousand and five.33He would speak of trees, from the cedar that is in the Lebanon to the hyssop that grows in the wall; he would speak of animals, and birds, and reptiles, and fish.34People came from all the nations to hear the wisdom of Solomon; they came from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom.Chapter 5Preparations and Materials for the Temple
1 Now King Hiram of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon, when he heard that they had anointed him king in place of his father; for Hiram had always been a friend to David.2Solomon sent word to Hiram, saying,3“You know that my father David could not build a house for the name of the Lord his God because of the warfare with which his enemies surrounded him, until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet.4But now the Lord my God has given me rest on every side; there is neither adversary nor misfortune.5So I intend to build a house for the name of the Lord my God, as the Lord said to my father David, ‘Your son, whom I will set on your throne in your place, shall build the house for my name.’6Therefore command that cedars from the Lebanon be cut for me. My servants will join your servants, and I will give you whatever wages you set for your servants; for you know that there is no one among us who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians.”7When Hiram heard the words of Solomon, he rejoiced greatly, and said, “Blessed be the Lord today, who has given to David a wise son to be over this great people.”8Hiram sent word to Solomon, “I have heard the message that you have sent to me; I will fulfill all your needs in the matter of cedar and cypress timber.9My servants shall bring it down to the sea from the Lebanon; I will make it into rafts to go by sea to the place you indicate. I will have them broken up there for you to take away. And you shall meet my needs by providing food for my household.”10So Hiram supplied Solomon's every need for timber of cedar and cypress.11Solomon in turn gave Hiram twenty thousand cors of wheat as food for his household, and twenty cors of fine oil. Solomon gave this to Hiram year by year.12So the Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him. There was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and the two of them made a treaty.13King Solomon conscripted forced labor out of all Israel; the levy numbered thirty thousand men.14He sent them to the Lebanon, ten thousand a month in shifts; they would be a month in the Lebanon and two months at home; Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor.