Relating to the Byzantine empire, which ruled the Eastern Mediterranean from the fifth century CE to 1453; its capital was Byzantium (modern Istanbul).
Dug up, often from an archaeological site.
Of or relating to Greek culture, especially ancient Greece after Alexander the Great.
Of or relating to the reign of the family of Herod, which governed Palestine from 55 B.C.E. to the end of the first century C.E.
The stage of development during which humans used iron weapons; in the ancient Near East, approx. 1200 to 500 B.C.E.
Belonging to the ancient region of Israel and Judah, derived from the Latin name for the Roman province of Palaestina.