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Philippi

A view of Philippi from the summit of the acropolis, with the modern municipality of Filippoi (Greece).

The ancient city of Philippi, in eastern Macedonia, was situated near the head of the Aegean Sea at the foot of Mount Orbelos, about eight miles northwest of Kavalla. The ruins sit on the northern border of the marsh that in antiquity covered the entire plain, separating it from the Pangaion hills to the south. Established by Philip II in 356 B.C.E. and abandoned in the 14th century, after the Ottoman conquest, the city experienced continued prosperity that has been attributed at different times to trade, to gold mines, and to Paul and his ministry.

A view of Philippi from the summit of the acropolis, with the modern municipality of Filippoi (Greece) below.

The island-filled sea between Greece and Turkey, which opens to the Mediterranean sea on the south.

The historical period from the beginning of Western civilization to the start of the Middle Ages.

Service or a religious vocation to help others.

(adj.) Of or related to the empire founded by Turks at the turn of the 14th century C.E. and lasting into the early 20th century. (n.) One from that empire.

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