Virgin and Child with an Angel and Attendant

Virgin and Child with an Angel and Attendant, early 18th century. Mughal, watercolor and gold on paper, Pozzi Collection.

The Mughal Empire ruled much of northern India from the early 16th century through the mid-18th century. The Muslim Mughal rulers successfully integrated Hindus and Muslims into a united Indian state, allowing local religious practices to continue, including small enclaves of Christian followers. This miniature by an unknown Mughal painter is an adaptation of a European print by the Flemish artist Aegidius Sadeler I. The print likely reached the Indian Mughal court in the late 16th or early 17th centuries. Although the Mughal painter closely follows the composition of the original European print, the artist adds elements that would speak to an Eastern audience. Note the vibrant color palette, especially Mary’s orange garment, the pink-red drape of the curtain, and the angel dressed in an Indian floral print.

Virgin and Child with an Angel and Attendant

A broad, diverse group of nations ruled by the government of a single nation.

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.