Artemisia Gentileschi, Bathsheba, first half of the 17th century. Neues Palais, Postdam, Germany.
In an era when female artists were not allowed to receive formal training, Artemisia Gentileschi was one of the first women to paint major historical and religious scenarios. Trained by her father she became one of the most recognized women artists in the Italian Renaissance. She often painted biblical females such as Judith, Susanna, and Bathsheba as strong, active people instead of the more common depictions of the women as coquettish or passive. She painted Bathsheba several times. In this version Bathsheba is surrounded by her servants as she finishes her hair. Gentileschi does not treat the scene differently from most male artists other than the women seem to be going about their business instead of being aware of being watched.