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Glossary

Search here for specific or technical terms not defined in the HarperCollins Bible Dictionary.

Glossary Items starting with 'N'

  • Nabonidus

    The last ruler of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, ruled from 555–539 B.C.E. Nabonidus promoted worship of the moon god Sin over the national god of Babylon, Marduk. Nabonidus spent much of his reign at the oasis of Tayma in the Arabian desert, leaving his son Belshazzar in charge of the empire. Nabonidus was defeated by the Persians under Cyrus in 539 B.C.E.

  • Nabu

    The scribal god of the Mesopotamian pantheon; the son of Marduk, he came to be associated with wisdom as well as writing.

  • Nag Hammadi

    A city on the Nile in Egypt where papyrus codices written in Coptic and associated with antique Gnosticism were found in 1945.

  • narrative

    A written, spoken, or recorded story.

  • narrators

    Those who write, speak, or otherwise transmit a story or account.

  • national gods

    Gods particular to a city, nation, or empire and believed to play a role in the nation's welfare.

  • nativity

    Birth, often accounts about the birth of Jesus.

  • necropolis

    A large cemetery belonging to an ancient city.

  • neo-Assyria

    An empire in upper Mesopotamia for much of the first half of the first millennium B.C.E. At the height of their power, they controlled all of the ancient Near East, including Egypt. Their final defeat came in 609 at the battle of Megiddo, where a combined Neo-Babylonian and Medean army defeated the last remnants of the Neo-Assyrians forces.

  • Neo-Babylonian

    An empire in lower Mesopotamia that dominated the ancient Near East in the middle of the first millennium B.C.E. At the height of their power, they controlled all of the ancient Near East, including Egypt. They were defeated by the Persian king Cyrus in 539 B.C.E.

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