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Glossary

Search here for specific or technical terms not defined in the HarperCollins Bible Dictionary.

Glossary Items starting with 'L'

  • lament

    A formal poetic category (see Psalms, Lamentations, prophets).

  • Last Judgment

    A primarily Christian concept, based on various Gospel and Old Testament passages, that God/Jesus will issue permanent judgment of all the people of the world in some future time.

  • late antiquity

    Period of history between classical antiquity and the Middle Ages, roughly from 250 to 750 C.E.

  • Late Bronze Age

    The last part of the era during which humans used bronze weapons; in the ancient Near East, approx. 1550 to 1200 B.C.E.

  • Late Bronze Age II

    The final portion of the last part of the era during which humans used bronze weapons; in the ancient Near East, approx. 1400 to 1200 B.C.E.

  • Law of Moses

    The laws of the Pentateuch (Torah), delivered to the Israelites by Yahweh through Moses on Mount Sinai; "Law of Moses" can also refer to the Torah as a whole, including both the laws and the narratives.

  • law of Talion

    A concept of punishment whereby the prescribed penalty is identical with, or equivalent to, the offense.

  • Leningrad codex

    the oldest complete manuscript (ca. 1010 CE) of the Masoretic Text; used as the basis of many modern editions of the Hebrew Bible

  • Lent

    A Christian observance characterized by penitence and sometimes fasting held in the forty days between Easter each year and encompassing the Jewish holiday of Passover and the Christian Holy Week.

  • Letter of Aristeas

    An early (second-century B.C.E.) Jewish document considered part of the Pseudepigrapha and dealing mostly with the circumstances and rationale for the creation of the Septuagint, a Hellenistic Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible.

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