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Glossary

Search here for specific or technical terms not defined in the HarperCollins Bible Dictionary.

Glossary Items starting with 'J'

  • Jacob Boehme

    A Lutheran German theologian from the 16th-17th century whose mystical cosmological writings caused some scandal.

  • Jacob's Ladder

    A ladder to heaven, climbed by angels, that Jacob saw during his dream in Genesis 28.

  • Jerome

    A Christian priest and theologian from around 400 C.E.; his translation of the Bible into Latin, called the Vulgate, became the definitive Bible translation for over a thousand years.

  • Jewish-Christian

    Describing the hybrid form of Judaism and Christianity commonly practiced in the early Christian church, prior to the mission to the Gentiles.

  • Jewish Christianity

    Christianity as practiced by people who also identify as Jewish and follow Jewish laws; this was the norm in the very early Church, but quickly became superceded by Gentile Christianity.

  • Jewish Christians

    Early followers of Christ or his teachings who were culturally and ethnically Jewish, especially but not exclusively before Christianity (originally a Jewish reform movement) distinguished itself from Judaism.

  • Jewish dietary requirements (kashrut)

    The Jewish system of dietary rules. Among other things, it prohibits pork and shellfish, requires meat products and milk products to be eaten separately, and mandates a specific method of slaughtering animals.

  • Jewish religion

    A designation describing a set of practices centred on the worship of YHWH, which developed out of the ancient Israelite religion in the late Second Temple period.

  • Jewish War

    A rebellion by the Jewish people against their Roman occupation, lasting from 66-73 C.E. and culminating with the destruction of the Temple. Also known as the First Jewish War or First Jewish Revolt.

  • John Milton

    A 17th-century English poet who wrote "Paradise Lost," an epic poem describing the fall of humanity and the war between Heaven and Hell.

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