wages

wages

The compensation paid to a free laborer hired for a fixed period of time or for a specific service. It was apparently common to hire a laborer in ancient Israel for a day’s work, for the Torah requires payment of wages at the end of the day (Lev 19:13; Deut 24:14; Job 14:6; Matt 20:1-2; Matt 20:8). There are also references to yearly (Lev 25:53; Isa 21:16) and triennial hire (Deut 15:18; Isa 16:14). The Bible contains scattered examples of wages paid to laborers: to Jacob when he worked as a shepherd for Laban (Gen 29:15; Gen 30:32-33; Gen 31:8); to Moses’s mother as a nurse, by Pharaoh’s daughter (Exod 2:9); to Tamar for harlotry, by Judah (Gen 38; Deut 23:18; Isa 23:17; Ezek 16:31; Hos 9:1; Mic 1:7); the levitical portion (Num 18:31); the hiring of Balaam to curse Israel (Deut 23:5; Neh 13:2); the hiring of mercenaries (Judg 9:4; 2Sam 10:6; Jer 46:21; 2Kgs 7:6; 2Chr 24:6); the hiring of Shemaiah to prophesy falsely (Neh 6:10-13); the hiring of counselors (Ezra 4:5); the hiring of a priest (Judg 18:4); the hiring of a seer (1Sam 9:6-9); the hiring of skilled craftsmen (Isa 46:6; 2Chr 24:12); the wages to be paid to elders (1Tim 5:17-18; Luke 10:7); and the wages withheld from mowers (Jas 5:4). The term “wage” is also used metaphorically in the religious sense as reward given by God for the “labor” of loyalty, suffering, or right action (Gen 15:1; Ezek 29:18-19; Isa 40:10; Isa 61:8; Isa 62:11; 1Cor 3:8; of children, Gen 30:18) or as the just recompense for sin (Rom 6:23; 2Pet 2:15).

Lev 19:13

13You shall not defraud your neighbor; you shall not steal; and you shall not keep for yourself the wages of a laborer until morning.

Deut 24:14

14You shall not withhold the wages of poor and needy laborers, whether other Israelites or aliens who reside in your land in one of your towns.

Job 14:6

6look away from them, and desist,
that they may enjoy, like laborers, their days.

Matt 20:1-2

The Laborers in the Vineyard
1“For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard.2After agreeing ... View more

Matt 20:8

8When evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his manager, ‘Call the laborers and give them their pay, beginning with the last and then going to the fir ... View more

Lev 25:53

53As a laborer hired by the year they shall be under the alien's authority, who shall not, however, rule with harshness over them in your sight.

Isa 21:16

16For thus the Lord said to me: Within a year, according to the years of a hired worker, all the glory of Kedar will come to an end;

Deut 15:18

18Do not consider it a hardship when you send them out from you free persons, because for six years they have given you services worth the wages of hired labore ... View more

Isa 16:14

14But now the Lord says, In three years, like the years of a hired worker, the glory of Moab will be brought into contempt, in spite of all its great multitude; ... View more

Gen 29:15

Jacob Marries Laban's Daughters
15Then Laban said to Jacob, “Because you are my kinsman, should you therefore serve me for nothing? Tell me, what shall your wag ... View more

Gen 30:32-33

32let me pass through all your flock today, removing from it every speckled and spotted sheep and every black lamb, and the spotted and speckled among the goats ... View more

Gen 31:8

8If he said, ‘The speckled shall be your wages,’ then all the flock bore speckled; and if he said, ‘The striped shall be your wages,’ then all the flock bore st ... View more

Exod 2:9

9Pharaoh's daughter said to her, “Take this child and nurse it for me, and I will give you your wages.” So the woman took the child and nursed it.

Gen 38

Judah and Tamar
1It happened at that time that Judah went down from his brothers and settled near a certain Adullamite whose name was Hirah.2There Judah saw the ... View more

Deut 23:18

18You shall not bring the fee of a prostitute or the wages of a male prostitute into the house of the Lord your God in payment for any vow, for both of these ar ... View more

Isa 23:17

17At the end of seventy years, the Lord will visit Tyre, and she will return to her trade, and will prostitute herself with all the kingdoms of the world on the ... View more

Ezek 16:31

31building your platform at the head of every street, and making your lofty place in every square! Yet you were not like a whore, because you scorned payment.

Hos 9:1

Punishment for Israel's Sin
1Do not rejoice, O Israel!
Do not exult as other nations do;
for you have played the whore, departing from your God.
You have loved ... View more

Mic 1:7

7All her images shall be beaten to pieces,
all her wages shall be burned with fire,
and all her idols I will lay waste;
for as the wages of a prostitute she gat ... View more

Num 18:31

31You may eat it in any place, you and your households; for it is your payment for your service in the tent of meeting.

Deut 23:5

5(Yet the Lord your God refused to heed Balaam; the Lord your God turned the curse into a blessing for you, because the Lord your God loved you.)

Neh 13:2

2because they did not meet the Israelites with bread and water, but hired Balaam against them to curse them—yet our God turned the curse into a blessing.

Judg 9:4

4They gave him seventy pieces of silver out of the temple of Baal-berith with which Abimelech hired worthless and reckless fellows, who followed him.

2Sam 10:6

6When the Ammonites saw that they had become odious to David, the Ammonites sent and hired the Arameans of Beth-rehob and the Arameans of Zobah, twenty thousand ... View more

Jer 46:21

21Even her mercenaries in her midst
are like fatted calves;
they too have turned and fled together,
they did not stand;
for the day of their calamity has come u ... View more

2Kgs 7:6

6For the Lord had caused the Aramean army to hear the sound of chariots, and of horses, the sound of a great army, so that they said to one another, “The king o ... View more

2Chr 24:6

6So the king summoned Jehoiada the chief, and said to him, “Why have you not required the Levites to bring in from Judah and Jerusalem the tax levied by Moses, ... View more

Neh 6:10-13

10One day when I went into the house of Shemaiah son of Delaiah son of Mehetabel, who was confined to his house, he said, “Let us meet together in the house of ... View more

Ezra 4:5

5and they bribed officials to frustrate their plan throughout the reign of King Cyrus of Persia and until the reign of King Darius of Persia.

Judg 18:4

4He said to them, “Micah did such and such for me, and he hired me, and I have become his priest.”

1Sam 9:6-9

6But he said to him, “There is a man of God in this town; he is a man held in honor. Whatever he says always comes true. Let us go there now; perhaps he will te ... View more

Isa 46:6

6Those who lavish gold from the purse,
and weigh out silver in the scales—
they hire a goldsmith, who makes it into a god;
then they fall down and worship!

2Chr 24:12

12The king and Jehoiada gave it to those who had charge of the work of the house of the Lord, and they hired masons and carpenters to restore the house of the L ... View more

1Tim 5:17-18

17Let the elders who rule well be considered worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in preaching and teaching;18for the scripture says, “You shall n ... View more

Luke 10:7

7Remain in the same house, eating and drinking whatever they provide, for the laborer deserves to be paid. Do not move about from house to house.

Jas 5:4

4Listen! The wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, cry out, and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lo ... View more

Gen 15:1

God's Covenant with Abram
1After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, “Do not be afraid, Abram, I am your shield; your reward shall be v ... View more

Ezek 29:18-19

18Mortal, King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon made his army labor hard against Tyre; every head was made bald and every shoulder was rubbed bare; yet neither he nor ... View more

Isa 40:10

10See, the Lord GOD comes with might,
and his arm rules for him;
his reward is with him,
and his recompense before him.

Isa 61:8

8For I the Lord love justice,
I hate robbery and wrongdoing;
I will faithfully give them their recompense,
and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.

Isa 62:11

11The Lord has proclaimed
to the end of the earth:
Say to daughter Zion,
“See, your salvation comes;
his reward is with him,
and his recompense before him.”

1Cor 3:8

8The one who plants and the one who waters have a common purpose, and each will receive wages according to the labor of each.

Gen 30:18

18Leah said, “God has given me my hire because I gave my maid to my husband”; so she named him Issachar.

Rom 6:23

23For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

2Pet 2:15

15They have left the straight road and have gone astray, following the road of Balaam son of Bosor, who loved the wages of doing wrong,

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