unleavened

unleavened

An adjective describing something made without yeast, usually bread (Heb. matzah). Although unleavened bread could be used for ordinary meals (1Sam 28:24-25), it appears most frequently in religious contexts. (Lev 2:4, Lev 2:11) stipulate that cereal offerings made at the Temple must be unleavened. Both leaven and honey were forbidden due to their association with fermentation and thus corruption (1Cor 5:8). The unleavened bread not consumed on the sacrificial altar was eaten by the priests (Lev 10:12-13). Unleavened bread was also eaten during the Festival of Unleavened Bread, a seven-day festival that originally followed the one-day Passover celebration (Lev 23:5-8; Num 28:16-25; Exod 23:15; Exod 34:18; Deut 16:1-8; Ezek 45:21-25; Mark 14:1; Matt 26:17; Luke 22:1; Acts 12:3; Acts 20:6). Leavened bread was forbidden during this festival to mark the beginning of the grain harvest, which concluded at the Festival of Weeks (Lev 23:15-21; Num 28:26-31; Deut 16:9-12). The eating of unleavened bread at this festival was also linked to the exodus from Egypt, when, according to the narrative tradition, the Israelites could not wait for the dough to rise because of their haste to escape from Egyptian bondage (Exod 12:14-20; Exod 34-39:14).

1Sam 28:24-25

24Now the woman had a fatted calf in the house. She quickly slaughtered it, and she took flour, kneaded it, and baked unleavened cakes.25She put them before Sau ... View more

Lev 2:4

4When you present a grain offering baked in the oven, it shall be of choice flour: unleavened cakes mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.

Lev 2:11

11No grain offering that you bring to the Lord shall be made with leaven, for you must not turn any leaven or honey into smoke as an offering by fire to the Lor ... View more

1Cor 5:8

8Therefore, let us celebrate the festival, not with the old yeast, the yeast of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

Lev 10:12-13

12Moses spoke to Aaron and to his remaining sons, Eleazar and Ithamar: Take the grain offering that is left from the Lord's offerings by fire, and eat it unleav ... View more

Lev 23:5-8

5In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, there shall be a passover offering to the Lord,6and on the fifteenth day of the same month ... View more

Num 28:16-25

Offerings at Passover
16On the fourteenth day of the first month there shall be a passover offering to the Lord.17And on the fifteenth day of this month is a fe ... View more

Exod 23:15

15You shall observe the festival of unleavened bread; as I commanded you, you shall eat unleavened bread for seven days at the appointed time in the month of Ab ... View more

Exod 34:18

18You shall keep the festival of unleavened bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month of Abib; fo ... View more

Deut 16:1-8

The Passover Reviewed
1Observe the month of Abib by keeping the passover for the Lord your God, for in the month of Abib the Lord your God brought you out of Eg ... View more

Ezek 45:21-25

21In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall celebrate the festival of the passover, and for seven days unleavened bread shall be eaten.2 ... View more

Mark 14:1

The Plot to Kill Jesus
1It was two days before the Passover and the festival of Unleavened Bread. The chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to ar ... View more

Matt 26:17

The Passover with the Disciples
17On the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Where do you want us to make the preparations for y ... View more

Luke 22:1

The Plot to Kill Jesus
1Now the festival of Unleavened Bread, which is called the Passover, was near.

Acts 12:3

3After he saw that it pleased the Jews, he proceeded to arrest Peter also. (This was during the festival of Unleavened Bread.)

Acts 20:6

6but we sailed from Philippi after the days of Unleavened Bread, and in five days we joined them in Troas, where we stayed for seven days.

Lev 23:15-21

The Festival of Weeks
15And from the day after the sabbath, from the day on which you bring the sheaf of the elevation offering, you shall count off seven weeks ... View more

Num 28:26-31

Offerings at the Festival of Weeks
26On the day of the first fruits, when you offer a grain offering of new grain to the Lord at your festival of weeks, you sha ... View more

Deut 16:9-12

The Festival of Weeks Reviewed
9You shall count seven weeks; begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain.10Then y ... View more

Exod 12:14-20

14This day shall be a day of remembrance for you. You shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord; throughout your generations you shall observe it as a perpet ... View more

Exod 34-39:14

Moses Makes New Tablets
1The Lord said to Moses, “Cut two tablets of stone like the former ones, and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the form ... View more

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