tower

tower

A tall stone or mud-brick structure, which was either round, semicircular, square, or rectangular in shape. Towers constructed for military purposes included free-standing outposts located in strategic positions (2Chr 20:24; 2Chr 26:10; 2Kgs 17:9; 2Kgs 18:8) and projecting bastions that were part of a city’s defense system (2Chr 14:7; 2Chr 26:9; 2Chr 32:5; Neh 3:25-27). Towers provided elevated positions for sentries or soldiers repelling enemy attacks (2Chr 26:15), and some towers were so massively built that they provided refuge for the population in time of attack (Judg 9:46-52). Reference to the destruction of a city’s towers symbolized its fall (Ezek 26:4; Ezek 26:9; Isa 13:22). Farmers also built small watchtowers in fields and vineyards (Isa 5:2; Matt 21:33). These towers provided elevated positions from which fields were guarded; the ground floor served as living quarters for fieldworkers or guards. The Bible mentions a number of Jerusalem’s towers by name: the Tower of the Hundred (Neh 3:1; Neh 12:39), the Tower of Hananel (Neh 3:1; Neh 12:39; Jer 31:38; Zech 14:10), the Tower of the Ovens (Neh 3:11; Neh 12:38), and the Tower of David (Song 4:4). The biblical writers also refer to other famous towers: the Tower of Babel (Gen 11:4-5), the Tower of Eder (Gen 35:21), the Tower of Penuel (Judg 8:17), the Tower of Schechem (Judg 9:46), a tower in Thebez (Judg 9:50-51), the tower of the flock (Mic 4:8), and a tower in Siloam (Luke 13:4). In the Song of Solomon, the maiden’s neck is compared to the Tower of David (Song 4:4) and an ivory tower (Song 7:4), and her breasts are also compared to towers (Song 8:10).

2Chr 20:24

24When Judah came to the watchtower of the wilderness, they looked toward the multitude; they were corpses lying on the ground; no one had escaped.

2Chr 26:10

10He built towers in the wilderness and hewed out many cisterns, for he had large herds, both in the Shephelah and in the plain, and he had farmers and vinedres ... View more

2Kgs 17:9

9The people of Israel secretly did things that were not right against the Lord their God. They built for themselves high places at all their towns, from watchto ... View more

2Kgs 18:8

8He attacked the Philistines as far as Gaza and its territory, from watchtower to fortified city.

2Chr 14:7

7He said to Judah, “Let us build these cities, and surround them with walls and towers, gates and bars; the land is still ours because we have sought the Lord o ... View more

2Chr 26:9

9Moreover Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the Corner Gate, at the Valley Gate, and at the Angle, and fortified them.

2Chr 32:5

5Hezekiah set to work resolutely and built up the entire wall that was broken down, and raised towers on it, and outside it he built another wall; he also stren ... View more

Neh 3:25-27

25Palal son of Uzai repaired opposite the Angle and the tower projecting from the upper house of the king at the court of the guard. After him Pedaiah son of Pa ... View more

2Chr 26:15

15In Jerusalem he set up machines, invented by skilled workers, on the towers and the corners for shooting arrows and large stones. And his fame spread far, for ... View more

Judg 9:46-52

46When all the lords of the Tower of Shechem heard of it, they entered the stronghold of the temple of El-berith.47Abimelech was told that all the lords of the ... View more

Ezek 26:4

4They shall destroy the walls of Tyre
and break down its towers.
I will scrape its soil from it
and make it a bare rock.

Ezek 26:9

9He shall direct the shock of his battering rams against your walls
and break down your towers with his axes.

Isa 13:22

22Hyenas will cry in its towers,
and jackals in the pleasant palaces;
its time is close at hand,
and its days will not be prolonged.

Isa 5:2

2He dug it and cleared it of stones,
and planted it with choice vines;
he built a watchtower in the midst of it,
and hewed out a wine vat in it;
he expected it ... View more

Matt 21:33

The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
33“Listen to another parable. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a wine press in it, and ... View more

Neh 3:1

Organization of the Work
1Then the high priest Eliashib set to work with his fellow priests and rebuilt the Sheep Gate. They consecrated it and set up its doors ... View more

Neh 12:39

39and above the Gate of Ephraim, and by the Old Gate, and by the Fish Gate and the Tower of Hananel and the Tower of the Hundred, to the Sheep Gate; and they ca ... View more

Neh 3:1

Organization of the Work
1Then the high priest Eliashib set to work with his fellow priests and rebuilt the Sheep Gate. They consecrated it and set up its doors ... View more

Neh 12:39

39and above the Gate of Ephraim, and by the Old Gate, and by the Fish Gate and the Tower of Hananel and the Tower of the Hundred, to the Sheep Gate; and they ca ... View more

Jer 31:38

Jerusalem to Be Enlarged
38The days are surely coming, says the Lord, when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord from the tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate.

Zech 14:10

10The whole land shall be turned into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem. But Jerusalem shall remain aloft on its site from the Gate of Benjamin to ... View more

Neh 3:11

11Malchijah son of Harim and Hasshub son of Pahath-moab repaired another section and the Tower of the Ovens.

Neh 12:38

38The other company of those who gave thanks went to the left, and I followed them with half of the people on the wall, above the Tower of the Ovens, to the Bro ... View more

Song 4:4

4Your neck is like the tower of David,
built in courses;
on it hang a thousand bucklers,
all of them shields of warriors.

Gen 11:4-5

4Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for ourselves; otherwise we shall be scat ... View more

Gen 35:21

21Israel journeyed on, and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Eder.

Judg 8:17

17He also broke down the tower of Penuel, and killed the men of the city.

Judg 9:46

46When all the lords of the Tower of Shechem heard of it, they entered the stronghold of the temple of El-berith.

Judg 9:50-51

50Then Abimelech went to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and took it.51But there was a strong tower within the city, and all the men and women and all the ... View more

Mic 4:8

8And you, O tower of the flock,
hill of daughter Zion,
to you it shall come,
the former dominion shall come,
the sovereignty of daughter Jerusalem.

Luke 13:4

4Or those eighteen who were killed when the tower of Siloam fell on them—do you think that they were worse offenders than all the others living in Jerusalem?

Song 4:4

4Your neck is like the tower of David,
built in courses;
on it hang a thousand bucklers,
all of them shields of warriors.

Song 7:4

4Your neck is like an ivory tower.
Your eyes are pools in Heshbon,
by the gate of Bath-rabbim.
Your nose is like a tower of Lebanon,
overlooking Damascus.

Song 8:10

10I was a wall,
and my breasts were like towers;
then I was in his eyes
as one who brings peace.

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