spices

spices

Salves, perfumes, or aromatic oils. Spices were part of the luxury trade of the ancient world; a “balm,” resin of Pistacia mutica, was among the gifts sent to Joseph (Gen 43:11). Balsam oil or perfume in general appears in the catalogue of wealth that flows through Tyre (Ezek 27:22). Spices were used in the anointing oil, perhaps a balsam oil (Exod 35:28; 1Kgs 10:2). “Spices” may also refer to a sweet-smelling cinnamon or a sweet cane (Exod 30:23). Aromatic oils and perfumes were used for embalming and anointing a corpse (Mark 16:1; Luke 23:56; John 19:40).

Gen 43:11

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Ezek 27:22

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Exod 35:28

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1Kgs 10:2

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Exod 30:23

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Mark 16:1

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Luke 23:56

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John 19:40

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