son of man

son of man

A term with a variety of meanings in the Bible. In the OT, “son of man” can be an idiomatic way of speaking of a human being or of humanity collectively (Ps 8:4; Ps 80:17). In (Dan 7:13), the Aramaic equivalent of the phrase “son of man” (NRSV: “one like a human being”) is used either to designate an angelic figure or as a symbol for the faithful people of God contrasted with other kingdoms symbolized by animals. In the NT, the term “Son of Man” is found almost exclusively on the lips of Jesus in reference to himself (the only exceptions are (Acts 7:56; Heb 2:6 NRSV: “mortals”; Rev 1:13). These “Son of Man” self-references to Jesus are sometimes classified under three headings: sayings in which Jesus refers to his present activity during his earthly ministry (Matt 8:20; Matt 11:19; Mark 2:10; Mark 10:45 ); sayings in which Jesus refers to his impending passion and/or resurrection (Mark 8:31; Mark 9:9, Mark 9:31; Mark 10:33, Mark 10:45); and sayings in which he refers to his future activity as Judge and Savior (Mark 8:38; Mark 13:26; Mark 14:62; Luke 17:22, Luke 17:24, Luke 17:26, Luke 17:30). The meaning of the term is not always clear. It may sometimes be simply intended as a self-effacing way for Jesus to refer to himself as a human being, or the meaning could be generic (Jesus speaks not only of himself, but of any human being), but in other cases the title definitely seems to refer to a transcendental, apocalyptic figure.

Ps 8:4

4what are human beings that you are mindful of them,
mortals that you care for them?

Ps 80:17

17But let your hand be upon the one at your right hand,
the one whom you made strong for yourself.

Dan 7:13

13As I watched in the night visions,
I saw one like a human being
coming with the clouds of heaven.
And he came to the Ancient One
and was presented before him.

Acts 7:56

56“Look,” he said, “I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!”

Heb 2:6

6But someone has testified somewhere,
“What are human beings that you are mindful of them,
or mortals, that you care for them?

Rev 1:13

13and in the midst of the lampstands I saw one like the Son of Man, clothed with a long robe and with a golden sash across his chest.

Matt 8:20

20And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.”

Matt 11:19

19the Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ Yet wisdom is vindicated by h ... View more

Mark 2:10

10But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—he said to the paralytic—

Mark 10:45

45For the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.”

Mark 8:31

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection
31Then he began to teach them that the Son of Man must undergo great suffering, and be rejected by the elders, the ch ... View more

Mark 9:9

The Coming of Elijah
9As they were coming down the mountain, he ordered them to tell no one about what they had seen, until after the Son of Man had risen from ... View more

Mark 9:31

31for he was teaching his disciples, saying to them, “The Son of Man is to be betrayed into human hands, and they will kill him, and three days after being kill ... View more

Mark 10:33

33saying, “See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will condemn him to death; t ... View more

Mark 10:45

45For the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.”

Mark 8:38

38Those who are ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of them the Son of Man will also be ashamed when he comes in the glory o ... View more

Mark 13:26

26Then they will see ‘the Son of Man coming in clouds’ with great power and glory.

Mark 14:62

62Jesus said, “I am; and
‘you will see the Son of Man
seated at the right hand of the Power,’
and ‘coming with the clouds of heaven.’ ”

Luke 17:22

22Then he said to the disciples, “The days are coming when you will long to see one of the days of the Son of Man, and you will not see it.

Luke 17:24

24For as the lightning flashes and lights up the sky from one side to the other, so will the Son of Man be in his day.

Luke 17:26

26Just as it was in the days of Noah, so too it will be in the days of the Son of Man.

Luke 17:30

30—it will be like that on the day that the Son of Man is revealed.

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