A male offspring. In the plural this word frequently combines with the word “Israel” to designate a specific group of people, male and female: the children of Israel, or the Israelites. In polite address persons with no actual kinship to the speaker were sometimes afforded this title (cf. the aged priest Eli’s use of “my son” in speaking to the child Samuel, 1Sam 3:16). The expression “son of” also came to describe a characteristic feature of something (e.g., “son of fatness” with reference to the land suggests fertile soil, Isa 5:1). In the NT, the use of the word “son” to designate a physical descendant (Matt 21:28; Mark 13:12; Luke 15:31) is also common. In addition, the apostle Paul uses the word to denote a close and affectionate relationship in the Christian faith, both of individuals (1Cor 4:17; Phil 2:22; Phlm 1:10) and of groups (1Cor 4:14). Because the term “son” was used to denote the unique filial relationship of Jesus to God (Matt 3:17; Mark 1:1; Luke 9:35; Acts 3:26), it also came to be applied to those who through trust in Jesus attained the same relationship with God (John 1:12; 1John 3:1-2).

1Sam 3:16

16But Eli called Samuel and said, “Samuel, my son.” He said, “Here I am.”

Isa 5:1

The Song of the Unfruitful Vineyard
1Let me sing for my beloved
my love-song concerning his vineyard:
My beloved had a vineyard
on a very fertile hill.

Matt 21:28

The Parable of the Two Sons
28“What do you think? A man had two sons; he went to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work in the vineyard today.’

Mark 13:12

12Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death;

Luke 15:31

31Then the father said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is yours.

1Cor 4:17

17For this reason I sent you Timothy, who is my beloved and faithful child in the Lord, to remind you of my ways in Christ Jesus, as I teach them everywhere in ... View more

Phil 2:22

22But Timothy's worth you know, how like a son with a father he has served with me in the work of the gospel.

Phlm 1:10

10I am appealing to you for my child, Onesimus, whose father I have become during my imprisonment.

1Cor 4:14

Fatherly Admonition
14I am not writing this to make you ashamed, but to admonish you as my beloved children.

Matt 3:17

17And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, the Beloved, with whom I am well pleased.”

Mark 1:1

The Proclamation of John the Baptist
1The beginning of the good news of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

Luke 9:35

35Then from the cloud came a voice that said, “This is my Son, my Chosen; listen to him!”

Acts 3:26

26When God raised up his servant, he sent him first to you, to bless you by turning each of you from your wicked ways.”

John 1:12

12But to all who received him, who believed in his name, he gave power to become children of God,

1John 3:1-2

1See what love the Father has given us, that we should be called children of God; and that is what we are. The reason the world does not know us is that it did ... View more

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