A person involved in military activity, one who is trained for war. During the biblical period, soldiers were equipped with a variety of offensive and defensive weapons; fully armed soldiers from two distinct eras are described in (1Sam 17:5-7 and (Eph 6:11-17, with the latter reference comparing the panoply of a Roman soldier to the Christian’s spiritual armor. Distinctions were also made between infantrymen, horsemen, and charioteers (Ezek 26:7; Acts 23:23). The Hebrews had no professional soldiers until the establishment of the monarchy (eleventh century BCE). Abraham’s “trained men” were recruited from his household (Gen 14:14), and the Hebrew conquest of Canaan was accomplished by tribal militias (Num 1:1-46). The beginning of a standing army in Israel may be seen in the special force that Saul gathered together (1Sam 13:1-2; 1Sam 14:52). David continued this process by developing his famous bodyguard of warriors (1Sam 22:2; 2Sam 10:7) and by making a census of the Israelites, a necessary step in the establishment of a national army (2Sam 24). Thereafter, the professional soldier was the norm, but mercenaries were also a part of this early Israelite army (2Sam 20:23; 2Chr 25:6). Soldiers usually shared in the loot captured in battle (Num 31:27; Deut 21:11; Josh 22:8), and their return from war was a cause for celebration (Judg 11:34; 1Sam 18:6-7). Because the Roman Empire was maintained by military power, the Roman soldier was a common sight in NT times. Soldiers were involved in the arrest and crucifixion of Jesus (John 18:3, John 18:12; John 19:2, John 19:23-25, John 19:32, John 19:34). After Paul was arrested in Jerusalem, he was frequently in the company of soldiers; the apostle used the word “soldier” to describe his co-workers (Phil 2:25; Phlm 1:2; see the figurative use of “soldier” in 1Cor 9:7; 2Tim 2:3-4).

1Sam 17:5-7

5He had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of bronze.6He had greaves of bron ... View more

Eph 6:11-17

11Put on the whole armor of God, so that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.12For our struggle is not against enemies of blood and flesh, b ... View more

Ezek 26:7

7For thus says the Lord GOD: I will bring against Tyre from the north King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon, king of kings, together with horses, chariots, cavalry, an ... View more

Acts 23:23

Paul Sent to Felix the Governor
23Then he summoned two of the centurions and said, “Get ready to leave by nine o'clock tonight for Caesarea with two hundred sol ... View more

Gen 14:14

14When Abram heard that his nephew had been taken captive, he led forth his trained men, born in his house, three hundred eighteen of them, and went in pursuit ... View more

Num 1:1-46

The First Census of Israel
1The Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year ... View more

1Sam 13:1-2

Saul's Unlawful Sacrifice
1Saul was . . . years old when he began to reign; and he reigned . . . and two years over Israel.2Saul chose three thousand out of Isr ... View more

1Sam 14:52

52There was hard fighting against the Philistines all the days of Saul; and when Saul saw any strong or valiant warrior, he took him into his service.

1Sam 22:2

2Everyone who was in distress, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him; and he became captain over them. Those who were ... View more

2Sam 10:7

7When David heard of it, he sent Joab and all the army with the warriors.

2Sam 24

David's Census of Israel and Judah
1Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, “Go, count the people of ... View more

2Sam 20:23

23Now Joab was in command of all the army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in command of the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

2Chr 25:6

6He also hired one hundred thousand mighty warriors from Israel for one hundred talents of silver.

Num 31:27

27Divide the booty into two parts, between the warriors who went out to battle and all the congregation.

Deut 21:11

11suppose you see among the captives a beautiful woman whom you desire and want to marry,

Josh 22:8

8he said to them, “Go back to your tents with much wealth, and with very much livestock, with silver, gold, bronze, and iron, and with a great quantity of cloth ... View more

Judg 11:34

Jephthah's Daughter
34Then Jephthah came to his home at Mizpah; and there was his daughter coming out to meet him with timbrels and with dancing. She was his on ... View more

1Sam 18:6-7

6As they were coming home, when David returned from killing the Philistine, the women came out of all the towns of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Sau ... View more

John 18:3

3So Judas brought a detachment of soldiers together with police from the chief priests and the Pharisees, and they came there with lanterns and torches and weap ... View more

John 18:12

Jesus before the High Priest
12So the soldiers, their officer, and the Jewish police arrested Jesus and bound him.

John 19:2

2And the soldiers wove a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and they dressed him in a purple robe.

John 19:23-25

23When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his clothes and divided them into four parts, one for each soldier. They also took his tunic; now the tunic w ... View more

John 19:32

32Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who had been crucified with him.

John 19:34

34Instead, one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once blood and water came out.

Phil 2:25

25Still, I think it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus—my brother and co-worker and fellow soldier, your messenger and minister to my need;

Phlm 1:2

2to Apphia our sister, to Archippus our fellow soldier, and to the church in your house:

1Cor 9:7

7Who at any time pays the expenses for doing military service? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat any of its fruit? Or who tends a flock and does not get an ... View more

2Tim 2:3-4

3Share in suffering like a good soldier of Christ Jesus.4No one serving in the army gets entangled in everyday affairs; the soldier's aim is to please the enlis ... View more

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