silver

silver

A pale, precious metal capable of being hammered or drawn out thin, known to people of Bible lands. Silver was known in the raw state (1Kgs 15:15; Exod 31:4; Exod 35:24, Exod 35:32) as well as mined (Job 28:1) and refined (Prov 10:20; 1Chr 29:4; Mal 3:2, Mal 3:3; Ezek 22:20). Long before coinage, silver was known as a standard of wealth (Gen 13:2; Gen 24:35; Exod 25:3; Num 22:18) and was weighed out for use as payment (Gen 20:16; Exod 21:32; Lev 27:16; Josh 24:32). Silver was used for special articles of value or prestige, such as Joseph’s drinking cup (Gen 44:2), jewelry given to Rebekah (Gen 24:53), booty received from Egyptian women (Exod 3:22), and ornaments for Solomon’s bride (Song 1:11). Silver was often a material for idols (Exod 20:23; Judg 17:4; Isa 2:20; Jer 10:4; Dan 2:32; Dan 2:33; Hos 13:2). Other OT references include silver used for items connected with the tabernacle (Exod 26:19; Exod 27:10; Exod 27:17; Exod 36:24, Exod 36:26; Num 7:13; Num 7:14; Num 10:2) and with the Jerusalem Temple and its treasury (1Kgs 7:51; 1Chr 28:15; 1Chr 28:16; 2Chr 2:7; Ezra 8:26; Ezra 8:28; Neh 7:71). Figuratively, the refining process for silver could be used to show the testing of people’s hearts (Ps 66:10; Isa 48:10); silver could likewise symbolize great abundance (Zech 9:3; Isa 60:17; Job 3:15; Job 22:25; Job 27:16), the brightness of a dove’s wings (Ps 68:13), the purity of God’s word (Ps 12:6), or the corrosive deterioration of God’s people (Jer 6:30; Isa 1:22). The NT mentions silver vessels (2Tim 2:20), idols (Rev 9:20), and shrines to Artemis of Ephesus made by Demetrius the silversmith, who feared Paul’s preaching (Acts 19:23-27). Judas received thirty pieces of silver for his betrayal of Jesus (Matt 26:15; Matt 27:3, Matt 27:5, Matt 27:6, Matt 27:9).

1Kgs 15:15

15He brought into the house of the Lord the votive gifts of his father and his own votive gifts—silver, gold, and utensils.

Exod 31:4

4to devise artistic designs, to work in gold, silver, and bronze,

Exod 35:24

24Everyone who could make an offering of silver or bronze brought it as the Lord's offering; and everyone who possessed acacia wood of any use in the work, brou ... View more

Exod 35:32

32to devise artistic designs, to work in gold, silver, and bronze,

Job 28:1

Interlude: Where Wisdom Is Found
1“Surely there is a mine for silver,
and a place for gold to be refined.

Prov 10:20

20The tongue of the righteous is choice silver;
the mind of the wicked is of little worth.

1Chr 29:4

4three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and seven thousand talents of refined silver, for overlaying the walls of the house,

Mal 3:2

2But who can endure the day of his coming, and who can stand when he appears?
For he is like a refiner's fire and like fullers' soap;

Mal 3:3

3he will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver, and he will purify the descendants of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, until they present offerings ... View more

Ezek 22:20

20As one gathers silver, bronze, iron, lead, and tin into a smelter, to blow the fire upon them in order to melt them; so I will gather you in my anger and in m ... View more

Gen 13:2

2Now Abram was very rich in livestock, in silver, and in gold.

Gen 24:35

35The Lord has greatly blessed my master, and he has become wealthy; he has given him flocks and herds, silver and gold, male and female slaves, camels and donk ... View more

Exod 25:3

3This is the offering that you shall receive from them: gold, silver, and bronze,

Num 22:18

18But Balaam replied to the servants of Balak, “Although Balak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, I could not go beyond the command of the Lord ... View more

Gen 20:16

16To Sarah he said, “Look, I have given your brother a thousand pieces of silver; it is your exoneration before all who are with you; you are completely vindica ... View more

Exod 21:32

32If the ox gores a male or female slave, the owner shall pay to the slaveowner thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

Lev 27:16

16If a person consecrates to the Lord any inherited landholding, its assessment shall be in accordance with its seed requirements: fifty shekels of silver to a ... View more

Josh 24:32

32The bones of Joseph, which the Israelites had brought up from Egypt, were buried at Shechem, in the portion of ground that Jacob had bought from the children ... View more

Gen 44:2

2Put my cup, the silver cup, in the top of the sack of the youngest, with his money for the grain.” And he did as Joseph told him.

Gen 24:53

53And the servant brought out jewelry of silver and of gold, and garments, and gave them to Rebekah; he also gave to her brother and to her mother costly orname ... View more

Exod 3:22

22each woman shall ask her neighbor and any woman living in the neighbor's house for jewelry of silver and of gold, and clothing, and you shall put them on your ... View more

Song 1:11

11We will make you ornaments of gold,
studded with silver.

Exod 20:23

23You shall not make gods of silver alongside me, nor shall you make for yourselves gods of gold.

Judg 17:4

4So when he returned the money to his mother, his mother took two hundred pieces of silver, and gave it to the silversmith, who made it into an idol of cast met ... View more

Isa 2:20

20On that day people will throw away
to the moles and to the bats
their idols of silver and their idols of gold,
which they made for themselves to worship,

Jer 10:4

4people deck it with silver and gold;
they fasten it with hammer and nails
so that it cannot move.

Dan 2:32

32The head of that statue was of fine gold, its chest and arms of silver, its middle and thighs of bronze,

Dan 2:33

33its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay.

Hos 13:2

2And now they keep on sinning
and make a cast image for themselves,
idols of silver made according to their understanding,
all of them the work of artisans.
“Sa ... View more

Exod 26:19

19and you shall make forty bases of silver under the twenty frames, two bases under the first frame for its two pegs, and two bases under the next frame for its ... View more

Exod 27:10

10its twenty pillars and their twenty bases shall be of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their bands shall be of silver.

Exod 27:17

17All the pillars around the court shall be banded with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and their bases of bronze.

Exod 36:24

24and he made forty bases of silver under the twenty frames, two bases under the first frame for its two pegs, and two bases under the next frame for its two pe ... View more

Exod 36:26

26and their forty bases of silver, two bases under the first frame and two bases under the next frame.

Num 7:13

13his offering was one silver plate weighing one hundred thirty shekels, one silver basin weighing seventy shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, bo ... View more

Num 7:14

14one golden dish weighing ten shekels, full of incense;

Num 10:2

2Make two silver trumpets; you shall make them of hammered work; and you shall use them for summoning the congregation, and for breaking camp.

1Kgs 7:51

51Thus all the work that King Solomon did on the house of the Lord was finished. Solomon brought in the things that his father David had dedicated, the silver, ... View more

1Chr 28:15

15the weight of the golden lampstands and their lamps, the weight of gold for each lampstand and its lamps, the weight of silver for a lampstand and its lamps, ... View more

1Chr 28:16

16the weight of gold for each table for the rows of bread, the silver for the silver tables,

2Chr 2:7

7So now send me an artisan skilled to work in gold, silver, bronze, and iron, and in purple, crimson, and blue fabrics, trained also in engraving, to join the s ... View more

Ezra 8:26

26I weighed out into their hand six hundred fifty talents of silver, and one hundred silver vessels worth . . . talents, and one hundred talents of gold,

Ezra 8:28

28And I said to them, “You are holy to the Lord, and the vessels are holy; and the silver and the gold are a freewill offering to the Lord, the God of your ance ... View more

Neh 7:71

71And some of the heads of ancestral houses gave into the building fund twenty thousand darics of gold and two thousand two hundred minas of silver.

Ps 66:10

10For you, O God, have tested us;
you have tried us as silver is tried.

Isa 48:10

10See, I have refined you, but not like silver;
I have tested you in the furnace of adversity.

Zech 9:3

3Tyre has built itself a rampart,
and heaped up silver like dust,
and gold like the dirt of the streets.

Isa 60:17

17Instead of bronze I will bring gold,
instead of iron I will bring silver;
instead of wood, bronze,
instead of stones, iron.
I will appoint Peace as your overs ... View more

Job 3:15

15or with princes who have gold,
who fill their houses with silver.

Job 22:25

25and if the Almighty is your gold
and your precious silver,

Job 27:16

16Though they heap up silver like dust,
and pile up clothing like clay—

Ps 68:13

13though they stay among the sheepfolds—
the wings of a dove covered with silver,
its pinions with green gold.

Ps 12:6

6The promises of the Lord are promises that are pure,
silver refined in a furnace on the ground,
purified seven times.

Jer 6:30

30They are called “rejected silver,”
for the Lord has rejected them.

Isa 1:22

22Your silver has become dross,
your wine is mixed with water.

2Tim 2:20

20In a large house there are utensils not only of gold and silver but also of wood and clay, some for special use, some for ordinary.

Rev 9:20

20The rest of humankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands or give up worshiping demons and idols of gold and sil ... View more

Acts 19:23-27

23About that time no little disturbance broke out concerning the Way.24A man named Demetrius, a silversmith who made silver shrines of Artemis, brought no littl ... View more

Matt 26:15

15and said, “What will you give me if I betray him to you?” They paid him thirty pieces of silver.

Matt 27:3

The Suicide of Judas
3When Judas, his betrayer, saw that Jesus was condemned, he repented and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and ... View more

Matt 27:5

5Throwing down the pieces of silver in the temple, he departed; and he went and hanged himself.

Matt 27:6

6But the chief priests, taking the pieces of silver, said, “It is not lawful to put them into the treasury, since they are blood money.”

Matt 27:9

9Then was fulfilled what had been spoken through the prophet Jeremiah, “And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of the one on whom a price had been ... View more

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