Sihon (Si´hon)

A king of the Amorites whose capital was Heshbon, a city lying east of the northern tip of the Dead Sea. The etymology of his name is obscure, as are the circumstances of his origins. According to the OT Sihon opposed the Israelites as they sought to move from the south through the Transjordan. The two forces clashed at Jahaz, resulting in the defeat of Sihon and the incorporation of his territory into the Israelite tribal holdings (Num 21:21-30; Deut 2:24-37; Judg 11:18-22). Although the Israelites were not to inherit Moabite or Ammonite territory, the area attributed to Sihon’s kingdom and claimed by Israel seems to have included some territory also claimed by Ammon and Moab.

Num 21:21-30

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Deut 2:24-37

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Judg 11:18-22

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