Shamgar (Sham´gahr)

A mighty warrior in Israel in the premonarchical period. He was famed for killing a total of six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad (Judg 3:31). Bearing a non-Semitic name, he is identified as the “Anathite” (lit., “a son of [the goddess] Anath”). He was probably a mercenary who changed sides in the era of Deborah, collaborating with Jael (Judg 5:6-7) in disruption of caravan trade, to Israel’s great advantage.

Judg 3:31

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Judg 5:6-7

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