Seleucids

Seleucids (Si-loo´sidz)

A dynasty of Hellenistic kings that ruled an area including, at various times, Bactria, Persia, Babylonia, Syria, and southern Asia Minor after the death of Alexander the Great and until the Roman takeover of the region in the first century BCE. Of all the Seleucid rulers, Antiochus IV Epiphanes is most important as far as biblical history is concerned. His eleven-year reign was marked by an aggressive attempt to hellenize the Jews, an attempt that led to the Maccabean war and eventually to Jewish independence from Syria. The first two books of Maccabees reflect this struggle, detailing the actions of Antiochus and the successful revolt against him. The book of Daniel may also reflect the impact of Antiochus Epiphanes upon the Jews. He is usually identified with the “little horn” of (Dan 7:8, Dan 7:20-27; Dan 8:9-14, Dan 8:23-25) and with the oppressor of the “holy ones of the Most High.” The “abomination that makes desolate” of (Dan 11:31) is probably a reference to an altar to Zeus that Antiochus caused to be erected on the altar of the Jerusalem Temple.

Dan 7:8

8I was considering the horns, when another horn appeared, a little one coming up among them; to make room for it, three of the earlier horns were plucked up by ... View more

Dan 7:20-27

20and concerning the ten horns that were on its head, and concerning the other horn, which came up and to make room for which three of them fell out—the horn th ... View more

Dan 8:9-14

9Out of one of them came another horn, a little one, which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the beautiful land.10It grew as ... View more

Dan 8:23-25

23At the end of their rule,
when the transgressions have reached their full measure,
a king of bold countenance shall arise,
skilled in intrigue.24He shall grow ... View more

Dan 11:31

31Forces sent by him shall occupy and profane the temple and fortress. They shall abolish the regular burnt offering and set up the abomination that makes desol ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.