Seir (See´uhr; Heb., “hairy”)

1 The mountainous region southeast of the land of Canaan inhabited by the Edomites. Also called “Mt. Seir,” the region may have encompassed not only the mountains east of the Arabah (the Rift Valley), but those on the west side as well. According to (Deut 2:22), the Horites (Hurrians) had inhabited Seir before they were driven out by the Edomites; these Horite clans are enumerated in (Gen 36:20-29). The Edomites, descendants of Jacob’s brother, Esau, eventually established a kingdom in the region (Gen 36:9-19; Gen 31-43:9; Josh 24:4). On Israel’s journey from Kadesh-barnea to the plains of Moab it was denied passage through Seir by the Edomites (Num 20:14-21; Deut 2:1-8). Subsequently the region continued to play a significant role in Israel’s history (2Sam 8:13-14; 2Kgs 14:7; 2Kgs 14:22). 2 A hill on the northern border of the tribe of Judah, located west of Jerusalem on the western slopes of the Judean highlands, between Kiriath-jearim (modern Deir el Azar) and Chesalon (modern Kesla). Its exact identification is uncertain.

Deut 2:22

22He did the same for the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir, by destroying the Horim before them so that they could dispossess them and settle in their plac ... View more

Gen 36:20-29

20These are the sons of Seir the Horite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,21Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; these are the clans of the Horites ... View more

Gen 36:9-19

9These are the descendants of Esau, ancestor of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.10These are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz son of Adah the wife of ... View more

Gen 31-43:9

Jacob Flees with Family and Flocks
1Now Jacob heard that the sons of Laban were saying, “Jacob has taken all that was our father's; he has gained all this wealt ... View more

Josh 24:4

4and to Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau. I gave Esau the hill country of Seir to possess, but Jacob and his children went down to Egypt.

Num 20:14-21

Passage through Edom Refused
14Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, “Thus says your brother Israel: You know all the adversity that has befall ... View more

Deut 2:1-8

1we journeyed back into the wilderness, in the direction of the Red Sea, as the Lord had told me and skirted Mount Seir for many days.2Then the Lord said to me: ... View more

2Sam 8:13-14

13David won a name for himself. When he returned, he killed eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.14He put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom he ... View more

2Kgs 14:7

7He killed ten thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt and took Sela by storm; he called it Jokthe-el, which is its name to this day.

2Kgs 14:22

22He rebuilt Elath and restored it to Judah, after King Amaziah slept with his ancestors.

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