Whip or lash made of leather thongs attached to a handle (John 2:15). As a metaphor, it refers to any punishment (at the hands of enemies or natural disaster) visited on the people by God (Josh 23:13; Isa 10:26; Isa 28:15; Isa 28:18; Job 9:23). In a more literal sense, the word usually refers to the use of scourging to punish criminals. Legally, a “milder” form of flogging was used by magistrates as a warning to those responsible for disorder. Paul faced such punishment on several occasions at the hands of both Jewish and Roman authorities (2Cor 11:24-25; Acts 16:22-25; Acts 21:24). A more severe beating, which could sometimes lead to death, was administered in connection with other punishments. In (Luke 23:14-22) Pilate suggests that Jesus be given the lighter beating as a warning, but (Mark 15:15 and Matt 27:26) report that Jesus received the severe beating as one who had been condemned to death.

John 2:15

15Making a whip of cords, he drove all of them out of the temple, both the sheep and the cattle. He also poured out the coins of the money changers and overturn ... View more

Josh 23:13

13know assuredly that the Lord your God will not continue to drive out these nations before you; but they shall be a snare and a trap for you, a scourge on your ... View more

Isa 10:26

26The Lord of hosts will wield a whip against them, as when he struck Midian at the rock of Oreb; his staff will be over the sea, and he will lift it as he did ... View more

Isa 28:15

15Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with death,
and with Sheol we have an agreement;
when the overwhelming scourge passes through
it will not come ... View more

Isa 28:18

18Then your covenant with death will be annulled,
and your agreement with Sheol will not stand;
when the overwhelming scourge passes through
you will be beaten ... View more

Job 9:23

23When disaster brings sudden death,
he mocks at the calamity of the innocent.

2Cor 11:24-25

24Five times I have received from the Jews the forty lashes minus one.25Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I received a stoning. Three times I was shipwre ... View more

Acts 16:22-25

22The crowd joined in attacking them, and the magistrates had them stripped of their clothing and ordered them to be beaten with rods.23After they had given the ... View more

Acts 21:24

24Join these men, go through the rite of purification with them, and pay for the shaving of their heads. Thus all will know that there is nothing in what they h ... View more

Luke 23:14-22

14and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was perverting the people; and here I have examined him in your presence and have not found this man gui ... View more

Mark 15:15

15So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the crowd, released Barabbas for them; and after flogging Jesus, he handed him over to be crucified.

Matt 27:26

26So he released Barabbas for them; and after flogging Jesus, he handed him over to be crucified.

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