A king’s elaborate ceremonial staff (Ps 45:6). Originally a club that could also be used for digging (Num 21:18), the scepter appeared frequently in ancient art and in the biblical writings as royal regalia with an established role in protocol (Amos 1:5; Amos 1:8; Isa 14:5; Esth 4:11; Esth 5:2; Esth 8:4). Israel in the wilderness period was the scepter (i.e., constituted the sovereignty) of God (Num 24:17). Judah acquired similar status (Gen 49:10; Ps 60:7; Ezek 19:11) as the origin of the Davidic king, the mighty scepter God sends forth from Zion. By metonymy, “scepter” might stand for any national sovereignty, e.g., Moab (Jer 48:17) or Egypt (Zech 10:11). The single NT reference to scepter (Heb 1:8) is a variation of (Ps 45:6).

Ps 45:6

6Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever.
Your royal scepter is a scepter of equity;

Num 21:18

18the well that the leaders sank,
that the nobles of the people dug,
with the scepter, with the staff.”
From the wilderness to Mattanah,

Amos 1:5

5I will break the gate bars of Damascus,
and cut off the inhabitants from the Valley of Aven,
and the one who holds the scepter from Beth-eden;
and the people o ... View more

Amos 1:8

8I will cut off the inhabitants from Ashdod,
and the one who holds the scepter from Ashkelon;
I will turn my hand against Ekron,
and the remnant of the Philisti ... View more

Isa 14:5

5The Lord has broken the staff of the wicked,
the scepter of rulers,

Esth 4:11

11“All the king's servants and the people of the king's provinces know that if any man or woman goes to the king inside the inner court without being called, th ... View more

Esth 5:2

2As soon as the king saw Queen Esther standing in the court, she won his favor and he held out to her the golden scepter that was in his hand. Then Esther appro ... View more

Esth 8:4

4The king held out the golden scepter to Esther,

Num 24:17

17I see him, but not now;
I behold him, but not near—
a star shall come out of Jacob,
and a scepter shall rise out of Israel;
it shall crush the borderlands of ... View more

Gen 49:10

10The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler's staff from between his feet,
until tribute comes to him;
and the obedience of the peoples is his.

Ps 60:7

7Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine;
Ephraim is my helmet;
Judah is my scepter.

Ezek 19:11

11Its strongest stem became
a ruler's scepter;
it towered aloft
among the thick boughs;
it stood out in its height
with its mass of branches.

Jer 48:17

17Mourn over him, all you his neighbors,
and all who know his name;
say, “How the mighty scepter is broken,
the glorious staff!”

Zech 10:11

11They shall pass through the sea of distress,
and the waves of the sea shall be struck down,
and all the depths of the Nile dried up.
The pride of Assyria shal ... View more

Heb 1:8

8But of the Son he says,
“Your throne, O God, is forever and ever,
and the righteous scepter is the scepter of your kingdom.

Ps 45:6

6Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever.
Your royal scepter is a scepter of equity;

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