sandal

sandal

A shoe fastened to the foot with thongs or straps. Putting on sandals was a sign of preparation for a journey (Exod 12:11; Deut 29:5; Josh 9:5; Josh 9:13) or warfare (Isa 5:27). Footwear was removed indoors, in sacred precincts (Exod 3:5; Josh 5:15), and during mourning (Ezek 24:17). Transfer of property was confirmed in Hebrew custom by the symbolic exchange of a sandal (Ruth 4:7; Ruth 4:8; Amos 2:6), arising, probably, from the practice of claiming title to land by walking its boundaries or casting a shoe upon it (Ps 60:8). The public removal of a man’s shoe by the woman he has refused to take in levirate marriage was a humiliating gesture (Deut 25:9-10). Jesus’s instructions in sending out the Twelve, that they should go barefoot (Matt 10:10; Luke 10:4), countered normal practice. Sandals typically belonged to fine dress (Luke 15:22) and full dress (Acts 12:8).

Exod 12:11

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Deut 29:5

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Josh 9:5

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Josh 9:13

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Isa 5:27

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Exod 3:5

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Josh 5:15

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Ezek 24:17

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Ruth 4:7

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Ruth 4:8

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Amos 2:6

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Ps 60:8

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Deut 25:9-10

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Matt 10:10

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Luke 10:4

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Luke 15:22

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Acts 12:8

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