A collection of fine particles of stone, particularly siliceous stone. The vast deserts of the biblical lands as well as the long stretch of sandy coastal land along the Mediterranean Sea are the source of powerful metaphors, including the inestimable number of grains of sand (Gen 32:12; Gen 41:49; Job 29:18; Rom 9:27; Heb 11:12), sand’s heaviness (Prov 27:3), and burial in sand as a means of concealment (Exod 2:12; Deut 33:19). In the NT, the shifting, unstable qualities of sand provide an image for one of Jesus’s parables (Matt 7:26).

Gen 32:12

12Yet you have said, ‘I will surely do you good, and make your offspring as the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted because of their number.’ ”

Gen 41:49

49So Joseph stored up grain in such abundance—like the sand of the sea—that he stopped measuring it; it was beyond measure.

Job 29:18

18Then I thought, ‘I shall die in my nest,
and I shall multiply my days like the phoenix;

Rom 9:27

27And Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, “Though the number of the children of Israel were like the sand of the sea, only a remnant of them will be saved;

Heb 11:12

12Therefore from one person, and this one as good as dead, descendants were born, “as many as the stars of heaven and as the innumerable grains of sand by the s ... View more

Prov 27:3

3A stone is heavy, and sand is weighty,
but a fool's provocation is heavier than both.

Exod 2:12

12He looked this way and that, and seeing no one he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.

Deut 33:19

19They call peoples to the mountain;
there they offer the right sacrifices;
for they suck the affluence of the seas
and the hidden treasures of the sand.

Matt 7:26

26And everyone who hears these words of mine and does not act on them will be like a foolish man who built his house on sand.

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