Samuel

Samuel (Sam´yoo-uhl)

A prophet who ruled Israel at the end of the period of the judges and anointed the first two kings. He is the dominant figure at the beginning of the first of the two books of the Bible that bear his name. Samuel was dedicated to God from birth by his mother, Hannah (1Sam 1) and as a young boy responded to God’s voice to receive his first oracle as a prophet: a renunciation of the house of Eli, whose sons had corrupted the cult of Yahweh (1Sam 3:1-14; 1Sam 2:12-17). Later, Samuel assumed national leadership, driving out the Philistines and making periodic visits to cities where he passed judgment on cases brought before him (1Sam 7:13-17). In his old age the Israelites requested a king (1Sam 8) and, somewhat reluctantly, Samuel anointed Saul as king (1Sam 9:1-10:27). He later rejected Saul (1Sam 13:7-14; 1Sam 15:10-29) and anointed David (1Sam 16:1-13). After his death, Samuel makes one additional appearance, in (1Sam 28), when Saul summons his ghost, hoping for a favorable oracle. The ghost, however, reminds Saul of the divine rejection of his kingship and predicts a Philistine victory in the battle.

1Sam 1

Samuel's Birth and Dedication
1There was a certain man of Ramathaim, a Zuphite from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham son of El ... View more

1Sam 3:1-14

Samuel's Calling and Prophetic Activity
1Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the Lord under Eli. The word of the Lord was rare in those days; visions were not ... View more

1Sam 2:12-17

12Now the sons of Eli were scoundrels; they had no regard for the Lord13or for the duties of the priests to the people. When anyone offered sacrifice, the pries ... View more

1Sam 7:13-17

13So the Philistines were subdued and did not again enter the territory of Israel; the hand of the Lord was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel.14The ... View more

1Sam 8

Israel Demands a King
1When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.2The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; ... View more

1Sam 9:1-10:27

Saul Chosen to Be King
1There was a man of Benjamin whose name was Kish son of Abiel son of Zeror son of Becorath son of Aphiah, a Benjaminite, a man of wealth. ... View more

1Sam 13:7-14

7Some Hebrews crossed the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. Saul was still at Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.8He waited seven days, the t ... View more

1Sam 15:10-29

Saul Rejected as King
10The word of the Lord came to Samuel:11“I regret that I made Saul king, for he has turned back from following me, and has not carried out ... View more

1Sam 16:1-13

David Anointed as King
1The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul? I have rejected him from being king over Israel. Fill your horn with oil a ... View more

1Sam 28

1In those days the Philistines gathered their forces for war, to fight against Israel. Achish said to David, “You know, of course, that you and your men are to ... View more

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