Samaritans

Samaritans (Suh-mair´uh-tuhnz)

In the OT, a term that appears only once, as an ethnic term for the residents of the district of Samaria (2Kgs 17:29). In the NT, however, the term is used for members of a religious community based in that area (Matt 10:5; Luke 9:52; John 4:1-42). Jews and Samaritans shared a common heritage, but differed from one another radically in regard to whether the sacred dwelling place of God was in Jerusalem or on Mt. Gerizim. They also had different legal traditions regarding the cleanliness of vessels and, in general, they avoided contact with one another (John 4:7-10). The negative attitude of the Jews toward the Samaritans is reflected in Jesus’s statement in (Matt 10:5), in which Samaritans are linked with Gentiles in contrast to the “house of Israel” (cf. Acts 1:8), in which Samaria occupies a median position between Jerusalem/Judea and the gentile world), and in (John 8:48), in which the adversaries of Jesus refer to him contemptuously as “a Samaritan”—and demon possessed as well. Basically, the Jews regarded the Samaritans as “foreigners” (Luke 17:18). It was the alien nature of the Samaritans, as commonly perceived, that gave an ironic sting to the Gospel story of the grateful leper (Luke 17:11-19) and to the parable of the good Samaritan (Luke 10:29-37).

2Kgs 17:29

29But every nation still made gods of its own and put them in the shrines of the high places that the people of Samaria had made, every nation in the cities in ... View more

Matt 10:5

The Mission of the Twelve
5These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: “Go nowhere among the Gentiles, and enter no town of the Samaritans,

Luke 9:52

52And he sent messengers ahead of him. On their way they entered a village of the Samaritans to make ready for him;

John 4:1-42

Jesus and the Woman of Samaria
1Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard, “Jesus is making and baptizing more disciples than John”2—although it was n ... View more

John 4:7-10

7A Samaritan woman came to draw water, and Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.”8(His disciples had gone to the city to buy food.)9The Samaritan woman said to h ... View more

Matt 10:5

The Mission of the Twelve
5These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: “Go nowhere among the Gentiles, and enter no town of the Samaritans,

Acts 1:8

8But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the ... View more

John 8:48

48The Jews answered him, “Are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?”

Luke 17:18

18Was none of them found to return and give praise to God except this foreigner?”

Luke 17:11-19

Jesus Cleanses Ten Lepers
11On the way to Jerusalem Jesus was going through the region between Samaria and Galilee.12As he entered a village, ten lepers approac ... View more

Luke 10:29-37

29But wanting to justify himself, he asked Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”30Jesus replied, “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell into the h ... View more

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