Salem (Say´luhm; Heb., “peace”)

The locality over which Melchizedek was king (Gen 14:18) and that was frequently identified with Jerusalem. This identification is specifically made in (Ps 76:2), where Salem is used in parallel with Zion as the dwelling place of God. In the Letter to the Hebrews, the author recalls that the root meaning of Salem is “peace” (Heb 7:2); thus, Melchizedek is identified as “king of peace.”

Gen 14:18

18And King Melchizedek of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was priest of God Most High.

Ps 76:2

2His abode has been established in Salem,
his dwelling place in Zion.

Heb 7:2

2and to him Abraham apportioned “one-tenth of everything.” His name, in the first place, means “king of righteousness”; next he is also king of Salem, that is, ... View more

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