Sabbatical (Suh-bat´i-kuhl)

Year, the biblical prescription that every seventh year the land must lie uncultivated, based on the assumption that the land does not actually belong to any one person to dispose of at will, but to God. Fruit that grows on its own in the Sabbatical Year was to be left for the poor and the wild animals (Exod 23:10-11; Lev 25:1-7). In addition, “every creditor shall remit the claim that is held against a neighbor” (Deut 15:2). This remission of debts is designed to provide the means to correct social inequities. Observance of the Sabbatical Year in Second Temple times (late fifth century BCE–70 CE) is attested in (Neh 10:32 and 1Macc 6:49, 1Macc 6:53).

Exod 23:10-11

Sabbatical Year and Sabbath
10For six years you shall sow your land and gather in its yield;11but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, so that ... View more

Lev 25:1-7

The Sabbatical Year
1The Lord spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying:2Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: When you enter the land that I am giving you ... View more

Deut 15:2

2And this is the manner of the remission: every creditor shall remit the claim that is held against a neighbor, not exacting it of a neighbor who is a member of ... View more

Neh 10:32

32We also lay on ourselves the obligation to charge ourselves yearly one-third of a shekel for the service of the house of our God:

1Macc 6:49

49He made peace with the people of Beth-zur, and they evacuated the town because they had no provisions there to withstand a siege, since it was a sabbatical ye ... View more

1Macc 6:53

53But they had no food in storage, because it was the seventh year; those who had found safety in Judea from the Gentiles had consumed the last of the stores.

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