The capital and by far the largest city of the Roman Empire. It appears that the Christian faith entered the city in the 40's CE through Jewish Christians who joined one or several Jewish synagogues in town. By preaching about Christ, they stirred up turmoil within the synagogues so that the attention of Roman officials was attracted. The key persons in this inner-Jewish argument were apparently expelled by Claudius’s administration in CE 49. Among them were Aquila and Prisca/Priscilla (Acts 18:2). Following this disruption, the Christians appear to have assembled on their own. At the latest, Christianity in Rome was separated from the Jewish synagogues at the time of Paul’s Letter to the Romans in the second half of the 50s CE. The majority of Roman Christians now were gentile, although many of these Gentiles may, before their baptism, have been loosely connected with Jewish synagogues as sympathizers with Jewish monotheism. By 64 CE, even Nero could distinguish the Christians from the Jews in the city. The book of Acts relates that Paul was taken to Rome as a prisoner and held there for two years under house arrest (Acts 28:16; Acts 28:30). Later tradition holds that both Peter and Paul suffered martyrdom in Rome—perhaps in connection with Nero’s massacre in 64 CE. Both 1 Peter and Revelation refer to Rome as “Babylon” (1Pet 5:13; Rev 14:8; Rev 16:19; Rev 17:5; Rev 18:2; Rev 18:10; Rev 18:21). The latter book pictures Rome as a great harlot drunk with the blood of martyrs (Rev 17).
2There he found a Jew named Aquila, a native of Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had ordered all Jews to leave ... View more
16When we came into Rome, Paul was allowed to live by himself, with the soldier who was guarding him.
30He lived there two whole years at his own expense and welcomed all who came to him,
13Your sister church in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings; and so does my son Mark.
8Then another angel, a second, followed, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornicatio ... View more
19The great city was split into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. God remembered great Babylon and gave her the wine-cup of the fury of his wrath ... View more
5and on her forehead was written a name, a mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of whores and of earth's abominations.”
2He called out with a mighty voice,
“Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great!
It has become a dwelling place of demons,
a haunt of every foul spirit,
a haunt of eve ... View more
10they will stand far off, in fear of her torment, and say,
“Alas, alas, the great city,
Babylon, the mighty city!
For in one hour your judgment has come.”
21Then a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying,
“With such violence Babylon the great city
will be thrown down,
... View more
The Great Whore and the Beast
1Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and said to me, “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great whore ... View more