retribution

retribution

The concept of repaying persons in kind, according to their just deserts. The idea of retribution is pervasive in the Bible, and yet the term “retribution” as such occurs only once in the NRSVNT (Rom 11:9). The concept is often implicit, however, and may be expressed with synonymous terminology (“recompense,” “vengeance,” “wages,” “requital,” “reward”). The basic principle was established in the “law of retaliation” demanding “eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth” (Deut 19:21; Exod 21:23-25; Lev 24:19-20; Matt 5:38-42). The primary intent of that formula was to limit retribution, to guarantee that the punishment could not exceed the crime. Nevertheless, in (Matt 5:38-42), Jesus specifically opposes this principle by presenting an ethic of non-retaliation (Rom 12:17). In both OT and NT, however, God is portrayed as the distributor of ultimate retribution at the end of time (Dan 12:1-3; Matt 25:31-46).

Rom 11:9

9And David says,
“Let their table become a snare and a trap,
a stumbling block and a retribution for them;

Deut 19:21

21Show no pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

Exod 21:23-25

23If any harm follows, then you shall give life for life,24eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,25burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe f ... View more

Lev 24:19-20

19Anyone who maims another shall suffer the same injury in return:20fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; the injury inflicted is the injury to b ... View more

Matt 5:38-42

Concerning Retaliation
38“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’39But I say to you, Do not resist an evildoer. But if any ... View more

Matt 5:38-42

Concerning Retaliation
38“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’39But I say to you, Do not resist an evildoer. But if any ... View more

Rom 12:17

17Do not repay anyone evil for evil, but take thought for what is noble in the sight of all.

Dan 12:1-3

The Resurrection of the Dead
1“At that time Michael, the great prince, the protector of your people, shall arise. There shall be a time of anguish, such as has ... View more

Matt 25:31-46

The Judgment of the Nations
31“When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory.32All the nation ... View more

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