resurrection

resurrection

A rising to life from death. The concept of resurrection is derived from Jewish apocalyptic literature and is to be distinguished from the Greek concept of the immortality of the soul (Isa 26:19; Dan 12:2). Resurrection implies that a person who was truly dead is brought back to life; immortality of the soul implies that the person’s true self (soul) does not die, which obviates the need for resurrection. Thus the doctrine of resurrection assumes that death is total—the whole person (body, mind, soul, spirit) dies, and no part of that person remains alive. God then brings the whole person (body, mind, soul, spirit) back to life. Still, the biblical concept of resurrection is also to be distinguished from temporary resuscitation of dead persons, which is what occurs in the Bible when Elijah (1Kgs 17:17-24) or Jesus (Luke 7:11-17) restores life to someone who has died. The persons “raised from the dead” in those stories are being restored to temporal life, with an assumption that they will eventually die again. Resurrection, by contrast, denotes a complete transformation of the person into a being that now has eternal life (1Cor 15:35-55). Just how this happens is expressed in a number of ways, but the dominant motif is new creation. Just as God created the person initially, so God will re-create that person. Notably, those who are resurrected will have new bodies that do not suffer the limitations of mortal flesh (1Cor 15:35-55). In that sense, at least, they will be like angels (Mark 12:25). Resurrection was also thought of as a corporate event. God would raise all of the elect at the end of history. Christian proclamation of Jesus’s resurrection was understood in this light: his resurrection was viewed as “first fruits” in anticipation of the general resurrection (1Cor 15:20), and the resurrection of all believers would follow as a result (1Cor 15:22).

Isa 26:19

19Your dead shall live, their corpses shall rise.
O dwellers in the dust, awake and sing for joy!
For your dew is a radiant dew,
and the earth will give birth t ... View more

Dan 12:2

2Many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

1Kgs 17:17-24

Elijah Revives the Widow's Son
17After this the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, became ill; his illness was so severe that there was no breath left ... View more

Luke 7:11-17

Jesus Raises the Widow's Son at Nain
11Soon afterwards he went to a town called Nain, and his disciples and a large crowd went with him.12As he approached the g ... View more

1Cor 15:35-55

The Resurrection Body
35But someone will ask, “How are the dead raised? With what kind of body do they come?”36Fool! What you sow does not come to life unless i ... View more

1Cor 15:35-55

The Resurrection Body
35But someone will ask, “How are the dead raised? With what kind of body do they come?”36Fool! What you sow does not come to life unless i ... View more

Mark 12:25

25For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.

1Cor 15:20

20But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have died.

1Cor 15:22

22for as all die in Adam, so all will be made alive in Christ.

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