restitution

restitution

Payment of damages to one who has been wronged. The concept is related to but distinct from restoration, which involves replacement of something that was taken or destroyed. Restitution involves payment over and above the actual loss, analogous to what are today called “punitive” damages (Exod 22:1-15; Lev 6:1-7; Num 5:5-7). For example, a thief who steals an ox or sheep and kills the animal must pay restitution of five oxen or four sheep (Exod 22:1; but cf. Exod 22:4). This principle is reflected in the NT story of Zacchaeus, who pledges to repay fourfold anyone he has defrauded (Luke 19:1-10).

Exod 22:1-15

Laws of Restitution
1 When someone steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, the thief shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. ... View more

Lev 6:1-7

1 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2When any of you sin and commit a trespass against the Lord by deceiving a neighbor in a matter of a deposit or a pledge, or b ... View more

Num 5:5-7

Confession and Restitution
5The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:6Speak to the Israelites: When a man or a woman wrongs another, breaking faith with the Lord, that p ... View more

Exod 22:1

Laws of Restitution
1 When someone steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, the thief shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. ... View more

Exod 22:4

4(3a) but if it happens after sunrise, bloodguilt is incurred.

Luke 19:1-10

Jesus and Zacchaeus
1He entered Jericho and was passing through it.2A man was there named Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was rich.3He was trying to ... View more

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