redemption

redemption

A transaction involving the release of an item (or person) in exchange for some type of payment. In the OT, three different Hebrew roots are used to express the idea of redemption. The first is a technical legal term and is applied to the redemption of inheritance, of family members from servitude or difficulties, of tithes, or of various objects and property (Lev 25:25; Lev 25:47-49; Lev 27:15-20; Ruth 4:1-6; Ps 72:4; Ps 72:14; Jer 32:1-15). A second root is used of the redemption of the firstborn among male children (or even of animals) by means of some payment or offering (Num 3:45-51; Num 18:15-16). A third root is frequently used in instances where God’s relationship to people is reestablished or restored after acts of rebellion, disobedience, or infidelity. This third root is sometimes translated as “ransom” (Ps 49:7-8; Exod 21:30) or “redeem” (Ps 130:8) and carries the sense of “atonement.” This theological sense of redemption is reflected in Christian traditions and appropriated by NT writers. The redemption is represented as having been accomplished in the sacrificial death of Jesus of Nazareth (Rom 3:23-25).

Lev 25:25

25If anyone of your kin falls into difficulty and sells a piece of property, then the next of kin shall come and redeem what the relative has sold.

Lev 25:47-49

47If resident aliens among you prosper, and if any of your kin fall into difficulty with one of them and sell themselves to an alien, or to a branch of the alie ... View more

Lev 27:15-20

15And if the one who consecrates the house wishes to redeem it, one-fifth shall be added to its assessed value, and it shall revert to the original owner.16If a ... View more

Ruth 4:1-6

The Marriage of Boaz and Ruth
1No sooner had Boaz gone up to the gate and sat down there than the next-of-kin, of whom Boaz had spoken, came passing by. So Boaz ... View more

Ps 72:4

4May he defend the cause of the poor of the people,
give deliverance to the needy,
and crush the oppressor.

Ps 72:14

14From oppression and violence he redeems their life;
and precious is their blood in his sight.

Jer 32:1-15

Jeremiah Buys a Field During the Siege
1The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord in the tenth year of King Zedekiah of Judah, which was the eighteenth year ... View more

Num 3:45-51

45Accept the Levites as substitutes for all the firstborn among the Israelites, and the livestock of the Levites as substitutes for their livestock; and the Lev ... View more

Num 18:15-16

15The first issue of the womb of all creatures, human and animal, which is offered to the Lord, shall be yours; but the firstborn of human beings you shall rede ... View more

Ps 49:7-8

7Truly, no ransom avails for one's life,
there is no price one can give to God for it.8For the ransom of life is costly,
and can never suffice

Exod 21:30

30If a ransom is imposed on the owner, then the owner shall pay whatever is imposed for the redemption of the victim's life.

Ps 130:8

8It is he who will redeem Israel
from all its iniquities.

Rom 3:23-25

23since all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God;24they are now justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,25who ... View more

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