plow

plow

A farming implement used for breaking up the earth. Biblical texts include both literal and figurative uses of the term. In the agricultural cycle of Palestine, plowing was a seasonal activity geared to preparation of the soil prior to planting. Figurative use of plowing includes its standing for marital abuse (Judg 14:18), cultivating sin (Job 4:8), a national fate (Hos 10:11), straightforward dedication (Luke 9:62), legitimate hope for compensation (1Cor 9:10), the absurdity of injustice (Amos 6:12), the aggravation of enemies (Ps 129:3), destruction (Jer 26:18; Mic 3:12), and the hoped-for time of peace (Isa 2:4; Joel 3:10; Mic 4:3). Except for recognition of uneven (therefore unfair and certainly awkward) pulling power, it is not clear why Israel’s law prohibited plowing with mixed teams (Deut 22:10). In some texts the “plowman” is teamed with vinedressers as a euphemism for farmers (2Kgs 25:12; Isa 61:5; Jer 52:16).

Judg 14:18

18The men of the town said to him on the seventh day before the sun went down,
“What is sweeter than honey?
What is stronger than a lion?”
And he said to them,
... View more

Job 4:8

8As I have seen, those who plow iniquity
and sow trouble reap the same.

Hos 10:11

11Ephraim was a trained heifer
that loved to thresh,
and I spared her fair neck;
but I will make Ephraim break the ground;
Judah must plow;
Jacob must harrow fo ... View more

Luke 9:62

62Jesus said to him, “No one who puts a hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.”

1Cor 9:10

10Or does he not speak entirely for our sake? It was indeed written for our sake, for whoever plows should plow in hope and whoever threshes should thresh in ho ... View more

Amos 6:12

12Do horses run on rocks?
Does one plow the sea with oxen?
But you have turned justice into poison
and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood—

Ps 129:3

3The plowers plowed on my back;
they made their furrows long.”

Jer 26:18

18“Micah of Moresheth, who prophesied during the days of King Hezekiah of Judah, said to all the people of Judah: ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts,
Zion shall be pl ... View more

Mic 3:12

12Therefore because of you
Zion shall be plowed as a field;
Jerusalem shall become a heap of ruins,
and the mountain of the house a wooded height.

Isa 2:4

4He shall judge between the nations,
and shall arbitrate for many peoples;
they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
na ... View more

Joel 3:10

10Beat your plowshares into swords,
and your pruning hooks into spears;
let the weakling say, “I am a warrior.”

Mic 4:3

3He shall judge between many peoples,
and shall arbitrate between strong nations far away;
they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into p ... View more

Deut 22:10

10You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey yoked together.

2Kgs 25:12

12But the captain of the guard left some of the poorest people of the land to be vinedressers and tillers of the soil.

Isa 61:5

5Strangers shall stand and feed your flocks,
foreigners shall till your land and dress your vines;

Jer 52:16

16But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left some of the poorest people of the land to be vinedressers and tillers of the soil.

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