pharaoh

pharaoh (Fair´oh)

The Hebrew word for the title held by the king of Egypt. This word was used in the Bible either by itself or attached to the king’s name (e.g., “Pharaoh Hophra,” Jer 44:30). The pharaohs mentioned by name in the Bible are 1 Shishak (945–924 BCE), who gave asylum to Jeroboam (1Kgs 11:40) and later invaded Palestine (1Kgs 14:25-26; 2Chr 12:1-9). 2 Tirhakah (690–664 BCE), mentioned in (2Kgs 19:9 and Isa 37:9) as the “king of Ethiopia.” 3 Neco (610–595 BCE), who defeated and killed Josiah at Megiddo in 609 BCE (2Kgs 23:29; 2Chr 35:20-24), removed Josiah’s son and successor, Jehoahaz, from the throne, and put Jehoiakim in his place (2Kgs 23:30-35; 2Chr 36:1-4). Neco ultimately lost all of Egypt’s west Asiatic possessions to the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar (2Kgs 24:7). 4 Hophra (589–570 BCE), whom Jeremiah said would be delivered into the hands of his enemies, just as Zedekiah, king of Judah, had been to the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar (Jer 44:30). 5 So, the “king of Egypt” (2Kgs 17:4) to whom King Hoshea sent messengers just before he revolted against the Assyrians. The name is unknown from Egyptian records. It might refer to Osorkon IV (ca. 727–720 BCE), or it might be derived from an Egyptian epithet referring to kings of the Saite dynasty (664–525 BCE).

Jer 44:30

30Thus says the Lord, I am going to give Pharaoh Hophra, king of Egypt, into the hands of his enemies, those who seek his life, just as I gave King Zedekiah of ... View more

1Kgs 11:40

40Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam; but Jeroboam promptly fled to Egypt, to King Shishak of Egypt, and remained in Egypt until the death of Solomon.

1Kgs 14:25-26

25In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, King Shishak of Egypt came up against Jerusalem;26he took away the treasures of the house of the Lord and the treasures of ... View more

2Chr 12:1-9

Egypt Attacks Judah
1When the rule of Rehoboam was established and he grew strong, he abandoned the law of the Lord, he and all Israel with him.2In the fifth ye ... View more

2Kgs 19:9

9When the king heard concerning King Tirhakah of Ethiopia, “See, he has set out to fight against you,” he sent messengers again to Hezekiah, saying,

Isa 37:9

9Now the king heard concerning King Tirhakah of Ethiopia, “He has set out to fight against you.” When he heard it, he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying,

2Kgs 23:29

29In his days Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt went up to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates. King Josiah went to meet him; but when Pharaoh Neco met him at M ... View more

2Chr 35:20-24

Defeat by Pharaoh Neco and Death of Josiah
20After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, King Neco of Egypt went up to fight at Carchemish on the E ... View more

2Kgs 23:30-35

30His servants carried him dead in a chariot from Megiddo, brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own tomb. The people of the land took Jehoahaz son of ... View more

2Chr 36:1-4

Reign of Jehoahaz
1The people of the land took Jehoahaz son of Josiah and made him king to succeed his father in Jerusalem.2Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old ... View more

2Kgs 24:7

7The king of Egypt did not come again out of his land, for the king of Babylon had taken over all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the Wadi of Egypt to t ... View more

Jer 44:30

30Thus says the Lord, I am going to give Pharaoh Hophra, king of Egypt, into the hands of his enemies, those who seek his life, just as I gave King Zedekiah of ... View more

2Kgs 17:4

4But the king of Assyria found treachery in Hoshea; for he had sent messengers to King So of Egypt, and offered no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had don ... View more

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